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西藏拉萨中学2014-2015学年高一下学期期末(第四学段)考试英语试卷

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2014-2015学年高一年级第二学期第四学段考试
英语试题
(满分100分  考试时间90分钟)
命题:   审定: 
第一卷
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(10个小题;每小题2分,满分20分)
     阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                                       A	 
   We know the mosquito very well. Mosquitoes fly everywhere. They can be found almost all over the world, and there are more than 2,500 kinds of them. 
   No one likes the mosquito. But the mosquito may decide that she loves you. She ? Yes, she. It’s true that male(雄性)mosquito doesn't bite and only the female(雌性)mosquito bites because she needs blood to lay eggs. She is always looking for things or people she wants to bite. If she likes what she finds, she bites. But if she doesn’t like your blood, she will turn to someone else for more delicious blood. Next time a mosquito bites you, just remember you are chosen. You’re different from the others!
   If the mosquito likes you, she lands on your body without letting you know. She bites you so quickly and quietly that you may not feel anything different. After she bites, you will have an itch (痒)on your body because she puts something from her mouth together with your blood. By the time the itching begins, and she has flown away.
And then what happens? Well, after her delicious dinner, the mosquito feels tired. She just wants to find a place to have a good rest. There, on a leaf or a wall, she begins to lay eggs, hundreds of eggs.
1. “Mosquito” means  _______ in Chinese. 
A. 苍蝇	 B. 蜻蜓	C. 跳蚤	D. 蚊子
2. We know mosquitoes very well because ___________. 
A. they can be found easily	B. they fly here and there
C. there are many kinds of them	
D. they can fly
3. If the mosquito doesn’t bite you, it will ________. 
A. get angry with you	      B. be afraid of you 
C. make a lot of noise	      D. choose another one
4. The mosquito bites you _________. 
A. when you’re asleep
B. because you have choosen it 
C. too quickly to let you know	
D. but doesn’t like you
5. Which of the following sentences is wrong?
A. The itching begins after the mosquito bites you. 
B. You feel terrible when the mosquito bites you. 
C. Mosquitoes use blood to lay eggs. 
D. All the mosquitoes don’t like to bite people for blood.
B
    Waste can be seen everywhere in the school. Some students ask for more food than they can eat and others often forget to turn off the lights when they leave the classroom. They say they can afford these things. But I don’t agree with them. 
    Waste can bring a lot of problems. Although China is rich in some resources, we are short of others, for example, fresh water. It is reported that we will have no coal(煤) or oil to use in 100 years. So if we go on wasting our resources, what can we use in the future and where can we move? Think about it. I think we should say no to the students who waste things every day. Everybody should stop wasting as soon as possible. 
   In our everyday life, we can do many things to prevent waste from happening, for example, turn off the water taps(水龙头) when we finish washing, turn off the lights when we leave the classroom, try not to order more food than we need, and so on. Little by little, everything will be changed. Waste can be stopped one day, if we do our best.
6. From the passage we know that some students often ____in the school. 	
A. eat too much        B. don’t work hard  
C. waste things        D. throw rubbish everywhere
7. Which is not mentioned in this passage? 
A. Fresh water.    B. Forest.    C. Oil.        D. Coal. 
8. What may happen in 100 years? 
A. We may still have enough oil.
B. We may still have enough coal. 
C. We may have a little oil.
D. We may have no coal or oil to use. 
9. Which of the following is right? 
A. Waste brings problems.     B. Waste can bring no problem. 
C. China is rich in fresh water.    D. Students never waste things. 
10. Which is the best title of this passage? 
A. Stop Wasting             B. School life
C. Waste in the School         D. Rich Resources in China
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
   As we know, sport is very common in our daily life. People who usually compete in sports can be found everywhere. Why do so many people love sports? __11__
   Generally speaking, it is good for our health to do sports, such as basketball, football, table tennis, swimming, badminton, and so on. __12__ I have taken the swimming course this term, since I didn’t know how to swim. I find that swimming is very interesting and has many benefits for our bodies. On one hand, it can make our blood circulatory (循环) system run regularly. On the other hand, the muscles of our bodies can be massaged (按摩)under the pressure of water. All these are positively advantageous to our health.
__13__ It is known to us that some sports are team sports that involve several players or even more. When playing with others, people must face the situation of getting along with others. Through the sports games, strangers may go easily with others and make friends with each other. __14__ If you don’t know what to do, doing exercise may be a good idea because you can share the time and the fun with your friends.
__15__ Yes, that’s right. But the advantages of sport are more than its disadvantages. We should follow the lead of sports athletes, as sport plays an essential role in our life. Plenty of physical exercise will help you keep fit.
A.I think I love the sports deeply.
B.Just take swimming for example.
C.There are many reasons for this.
D.I like the sports, which are interesting
E.Besides, sport is also a way of communication.
F.Some people may say it is easy to be hurt while having sports.
G..What’ more, they can get satisfaction from the competitive sports.
第二部分(知识运用)(满分45分)	
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并将答案涂在答题卡上。
A group of frogs (青蛙) were jumping through the woods when two of them fell into a deep hole. All of the other frogs __16__ around the hole to see what could be done to help their __17__. When they saw how deep the hole was, the rest of the group __18__ that it was hopeless and told the two frogs in the hole that they should prepare themselves for their fate(命运), because they were as good as __19__.
Unwilling to accept this terrible fate, the two frogs began to jump with all their __20__. Some of the frogs shouted into the hole that it was __21__, and that the two frogs wouldn’t be in that __22__ if they had been more careful.
The other frogs continued __23__ shouting that they two should save their __24__ and give up, since they were already as good as dead. The two frogs __25__ jumping as hard as they could, and after several hours of hopeless __26__ they were quite tired.
Finally, one of the two frogs follows the calls of his fellow(同伴). Disheartened, he lay down at the __27__ of the hole, and died as the others looked on in helpless sorrow. The other frog continued to jump with every bit of energy he had, __28__ he was completely worn out(筋疲力尽).
His companions(同伴) began a new shouting to him to accept his fate, stop the pain and __29__ die. The frog jumped harder and harder and , finally jumped so __30__ that he sprang from the hole. __31__, the other frogs celebrated his unbelievable freedom and then gathering around him asked, “ Why did you continue jumping when we told you it was impossible?” __32__ their lips, the astonished frog explained to them that he was deaf(聋的), and that when he saw their gestures(手势) and shouting, he thought they were __33__ him on. What he had got as __34__ inspired him to try harder and finally succeeded.
This simple story contains a powerful lesson. Your encouraging words can __35__ someone up and help him or her make it through the day.
16. A. jumped       B. hung    C. rushed    D. gathered
17. A. relatives(亲戚)   B. companions   C. neighbors  D. families
18. A. agreed    B. added        C. quarreled    D. doubted
19. A. alive      B. dead         C. awake      D. calm
20. A. mind      B. skill         C. strength     D. force
21. A. harmless   B. endless       C. careless     D. hopeless
22. A. action   B. situation    C. direction      D. competition
23. A. sorrowfully   B. painfully    C. carefully   D. helpfully
24. A. time        B. resource     C. energy     D. supply
25. A. stopped      B. continued   C. avoided    D. started
26. A. climb      B. wait        C. fight      D. effort
27. A. top        B. edge        C. bottom    D. side
28. A. while      B. however     C. therefore   D. although
29. A. just       B. still         C. yet       D. even
30. A. great     B. well        C. far     D. high
31. A. Pleased    B. Satisfied    C. Amazed  D. Amused
32. A. Looking    B. Reading    C. Seeing    D. Checking
33. A. cheering    B. praising    C. persuading  D. supporting
34. A. treatment    B. entertainment 
C. achievement D. encouragement 
35. A. hold      B. lift     C. bring   D. build
第二节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
There once were a goat and a donkey(驴)__36__ lived on a farm. The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most __37__. Sometimes the donkey was given more food __38__ it could eat. This made the goat so jealous(嫉妒的) __39__ it began plotting against(谋划对付the donkey. "Hey, donkey," the goat said one day. "I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don't you pretend __40__(get)sick so you can take a day?'' The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable(畜栏)on its side with its eyes (close). Right away, the farmer called the doctor. looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made __44__ the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed __45__ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart。











英语答题卡
(请用钢笔或水笔把答题卡上的对应答案涂黑,打勾者试卷无效)
阅读理解(1~15小题每小题2分,满分30分)
1.   6.  11.
2.   7.  12.
3.   8.  13.
4.   9.  14.
5.  10.  15.
完形填空(16~35小题每小题1.5分,满分30分)
16.  21.  26.  31.
17.  22.  27.  32.
18.  23.  28.  33.
19.  24.  29.  34.
20.  25.  30.  35.
语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
36.             37.             38.             39.             40.               
41.             42.             43.             44.             45.            


第三部分 写作(共两节,满分25分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后词。
注意:每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My grandfather and I enjoy fishing.
One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake. We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. As soon as we arrived, so we dropped the lines into the water. Before waiting for about half an hour, I was beginning to get impatiently. I wanted to give up, and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer. Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. Within the next few minute, my grandfather also caught a fish.
     Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish. It was delicious.

第二节:书面表达(满分15分)
良好的人际关系是构建和谐社会的关键。假设你是李华,最近你校组织学生围绕“中学生如何交友?”这一话题展开讨论。请根据下表的提示,为某英语报的“Voice Your Opinions” 栏目写一篇稿件,反映你们讨论的情况,并谈谈你对交友的看法。
为何交友:建立良好的人际关系,构建和谐社会
交友对象:①学习上,互相学习,共同进步
           ②互相帮助,摆脱烦恼
           ③互相交流,同甘共苦
如何交友:提出你的建议
注意: 1,对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译;
      2, 词数100左右,开头已经写好,不计入总词数;
      3,参考词汇:和谐的 harmonious
Recently we students had a heated discussed on how to make friends.______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
          2014---2015学年高一年级第二学期第四学段考试
英语答案
阅读理解:
1-5 D,B,D,C,B          6-10  C,B,D, A, A
11-15 C,B,E, G, F
完形填空:
16-20  D, B, A, B, C
21-25  D, B, A, C, B
26-30  D, C, D, A, D
31-35  C, B, A, D, B
语法填空:
36. that  37. food  38. than    39. that    40. to get
41. off 42. closed  43. After  44. from   45. the/this短文改错:        
 My grandfather and I enjoy fishing.
         One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake. We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. As soon as we arrived, so we 
                                                 So去掉
dropped the lines into the water. Before waiting for about half an hour, I was beginning to get impatiently. I wanted to give up, and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer. Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and∧ fish was caught. Within the next few minute, my grandfather also 
    a
caught a fish.
	         Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish. It was delicious.
作文:
Recently we students had a heated discussion on how to make friends. As we all know, good relationship plays an important role in building a harmonious society.
Many of us think we should make friends with those who can help us with our studies so that we can learn from each other and make greater progress. Others believe they should have friends who can help them deal with some problems in life. Still others hold that they should have friends who are willing to listen to them and share their joys and sorrows.
In my opinion, to make friends, we should be friendly and helpful to others. Besides, we should learn to care about others and listen to them patiently. In brief, true friends are like sunshine that brightens our life.

















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