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甘肃省定西市通渭县马营中学2015-2016学年高二上学期期中考试英语试卷

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马营中学2015—2016学年度第一学期期中考试
高二英语  试题
第I卷
第一部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节  (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、CD)中,选出最佳选项。It was easy to fall ill with it because it was spread through water. It was highly infectious so that dirty plates in restaurants, dirty toilets or food that was not clean passed on the disease. When people were infected they could spread the disease, by coughing or sneezing. The problem was that this illness looked at first as if it was flu or pneumonia. The patients had a high temperature, headaches and often developed a dry cough and pneumonia. Many of them died. The problem was that doctors and nurses caring for the patients were also at great risk of the disease. When they touched the patients, kissed or hugged them, came close to them or touched items already used by the patients they were at risk. So, many of them did not go home until the outbreak was over.
Dr Zhong Nanshan was very concerned about this new illness. He felt that it was not enough to control the illness. If it was to be treated properly then the researchers had to find the cause of the illness. He worked very hard and refused to hide the facts. He spoke of outbreaks spreading all over China. He insisted that time and effort be given to overcome this illness. On the 12th April 2003, he was successful in finding the cause of SARS. Having found that he knew it would be easier to get rid of the illness. Because of his good work SARS did not return to China in 2004 but the government and the doctors are always watching to see if it will ever return.
1. What kind of person does the underlined sentence in the second paragraph show that Dr Zhong Nanshan is?
A. Diligent and honest.                      	B. Diligent and stubborn.    
C. Hard-working and easy-going.               D. Hard-working and outspoken.
2. What is the way SARS spreads between people and the patients?
A. Through water.                 			B. Dirty toilets.
C. By coughing or sneezing.          			D. All the above.
3. Which is NOT the symptom of SARS according to the passage?
A. The patient has a high temperature.  
B. The patient has a headache.
C. The patient develops a dry cough and pneumonia.
D. The patient sneezes heavily.
4. Which of the following can be inferred according to the passage?
A. SARS is a highly dangerous illness.
B. Dr Zhong Nanshan found the cause of SARS successfully finally.
C. Many people die of SARS in China.
D. People should remain watchful although SARS is in control.
5. Which do you think is the best title?
A. Zhong Nanshan’s Hard Work
B. SARS ?a Dangerous New Illness
C. Zhong Nanshan, a Fighter Against SARS
D. How to Prevent SARS Successfully? 
 B
aWhen Stephen Hawking published A Brief History of Time in 1989, the reactions of the public were quite different from those of scientific circles. People who were not scientists described the book as a masterpiece. They said the book helped them understand what a very complex world astrophysics was. But scientists responded differently. They claimed the book was not scientific enough and relied too much on guessing, rather than on solid facts. Despite these conflicting views, the book has been wildly popular. Since its release in 1989, over 5.5 million copies have been sold with translations published in 33 different languages. 
A Brief History of Time covers a broad and diverse range of topics regarding the nature of the universe and time. Did time actually have a beginning? Does time have an end? Is the universe infinite? Hawking deals with these interesting issues only after reviewing former theories that tried to unlock the mysteries of the universe. These included Galileo’s and Newton’s works. Of course, but even more importantly, Hawking raises questions on Einstein’s theory of relativity (which deals with the infinitely large) as well as his work in quantum mechanics (which deals with the infinitely small).
Hawking studied these theories, as well as cosmology, during his education at Oxford University in England. He explained his love for physics as an extension of mathematics: “To me, mathematics is just a tool with which to do physics.”
In A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes, Hawking explores unknown areas of deep space. He builds his observations on the idea that “At one point, the earth we now walk on was distributed so tenuously (稀薄地) that a gram of soil would have occupied a column the size of an entire planet … In a sense, each of us has been inside a star; in a sense, each of us has been in the vast empty space between stars; and — if the universe ever had a beginning — each of us was there!”
He is referring to a time before the Big Bang, when all of the matter on and surrounding earth did not exist as it does today. Rather, that matter took shape through temperature and pressure at the centre of a star. As a result of this pressure and temperature, the star, or supernova, exploded. Physicists are still trying to create mathematical models that come close to representing the evolution of the universe from that time forward.
6. What did Hawking study during his time at Oxford University?
A. Galileo’s works.   						B. Newton’s works.   
C. Einstein’s theory of relativity. 				D. All the above. 
7. Which of the following is true about A Brief History of Time?
A. Only 5.5 million copies of it were published.
B. It was brought out in 1989.
C. The public agreed with scientists on the quality of the book.
D. It was not a widely read book.   
8. By quoting (引用)Hawking’s remark in the third paragraph, the author intends to         .
A. show that mathematics is not important in his studies
B. tell us that mathematics can help us understand physics
C. suggest that physics is just part of mathematics
D. make it clear that Hawking’s study of mathematics was second to his love for physics   
9. According to Hawking,         .
A. all the things on earth have always existed as they do now
B. all of us once lived inside a star
C. stars have not changed since the Big Bang
D. the matter on and surrounding the earth gathered at a star’s centre before the Big Bang  
10. What is the main idea of the passage? 
A. People’s different attitudes toward A Brief History of Time.
B. Hawking’s ideas about the nature of the universe.
C. An introduction of A Brief History of Time.
D. Hawking’s fight against his disease and his achievements in research. 

C
The Master of Suspense
One of England’s greatest movie directors was a man by the name of Alfred Hitchcock, born in 1899. He made many famous black and white movies that were scary and full of suspense, hence his nickname as the “Master of Suspense”. His most famous films include The Birds and Psycho. Most of his films were murder mysteries, with clever dialogues, interesting plots and talented actors and actresses. He was also a revolutionary filmmaker and introduced many new techniques to the movie-making industry. Hitchcock had a roundish belly and a big nose, which made his profile very recognizable. He was not an actor but he loved to make cameo appearances in his own films. 
Hitchcock was an unusual man. For example, he produced frightening movies about mysterious murders, and yet once he said his own greatest fear was the fear of small children!
Hitchcock also had a very clever imagination, which is especially clear in his movie The Birds. In this terrifying movie, a town is attacked by a tremendous flock of black birds. The birds are angry and break into people’s homes to take revenge.
This man’s great imagination is also reflected in Psycho, which is one of the most famous British movies of all time. In Psycho, a young man claims to run a small motel with his elderly mother. But it turns out that the mother is fictional; she exists only in the young man’s head. At night, he dresses up like his mother and sits near the window for people to see. But after midnight he breaks into his guests’ bedrooms and murders them.
In Hitchcock’s time and era, murder mysteries were not gruesome, like many of today’s horror films with lots of blood and gore. They thrilled audiences with their focus on intrigue and suspense.
11. Which of the following is NOT true about Hitchcock’s movies?
A. They were all murder mysteries.
B. They have clever dialogues and interesting plots.
C. They have talented actors and actresses.
D. They are black and white movies.    
12. Why was Hitchcock an unusual man in the writer’s opinion?
A. He was a large man with a big nose.
B. His movies are horrible movies.
C. He produced frightening movies, but he thought small children frightened him the most.
D. His mysterious movies scared children the most.   
13. What does the phrase “make cameo appearances” in the first paragraph most probably mean?
A. Appear with a camera.                  	B. Play an unimportant part.
C. Make a short appearance.                	D. Play in a funny way.
14. How many films directed by the name of Alfred Hitchcock are mentioned in the passage?
A. One.                B. Two.     			C. Three.     		D. Four.
15. About Alfred Hitchcock, which is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. His contribution.    	B. His career.       	C. His nickname.  		D. His weakness.
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
【题文】根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
                                Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule
From my experience , there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often :ability , money , and time 16   .Money is a topic I’ll save for another day .So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spent in the kitchen .Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule :
Think ahead .The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat .So think ahead of the coming week .When will you have time to cook ?Do you have the right materials already ? 17   .
Make your time worth it .When you do find time to cook a meal , make the most of it and save yourself time later on .Are you making one loaf of bread ?  18   .It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something .So save yourself the effort for future meal .
19    This may surprise you , but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation .It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can  work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule.
Hopefully that gives you a good start. 20_______ And don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!

A. Try new things.
C. Make three or four instead.
D. Understand your food better.
E. Cooking is a burden for many people.
F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.
G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

第二部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)
   【题文】 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top 21_______, but on their way back conditions were very 22_______. Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon 23_______ alone, he would probably get back 24_______. But Simon decided to risk his 25_______ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳).
As they 26_______ down, the weather got worse. Then another 27_______ occurred. They couldn’t see or hear each other and, 28_______, Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was 29_______ for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe’s 30_______ was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. 31_______, after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to 32_______. In tears, he cut the rope. Joe 33_______ into a large crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn’t walk, but he 34_______ to get out of the crevasse and started to 35_______ towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers 36_______.
Simon had 37_______ the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be 38_______, but he didn’t want to leave 39_______. Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s voice. He couldn’t 40_______ it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive.
【21】. A. hurriedly   B. carefully   	C. successfully  	D. early
【22】. A. difficult    B. similar    	C. special     	D. normal
【23】.A.climbed     B. worked   	    C. rested      	D. continued
【24】A. unwillingly  B. safely 		C. slowly 		D. regretfully 
【25】A. fortune      B. time 		    C. health 		D. life 
【26】A. lay         B. settled  	    C. went 			D. looked 
【27】A. damage 	 B. storm 		C. change  		D. trouble 
【28】 A. by mistake 	 B. by chance    	C. 				D.
【29】 A. unnecessary  B. practical 	    C. important  	D. impossible 
【30】 A. height  	 B. weight  	    C. strength  		D. equipment 
【31】 A. Finally   	 B. Patiently      C Surely 		D Quickly 
【32】.A stand back   B take a rest     C make a decision  D hold on 
【33】.A jumped   	 B. fell 		    C escaped 		D backed 
【34】. A. managed	 B. planned 	 	C. waited 		D. hoped 
【35】 A. run  		 B. skate 		C. move			D. march 
【36】A. around 	 B. away 		C. above  		D. along 
【37】A. headed for   B .traveled to 	C. left for 		D. returned to 
【38】A. dead  		 B .hurt  		C. weak   		D. late 
【39 A. secretly 	     B. tiredly 		C.  immediately 	D. anxiously 
【40】A. find  		 B. believe 		C. make  		D. accept 
第II卷
第三部分   英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
 One morning , I was waiting at the bus stop , worried about  41 (be ) late for school ..There were many people waiting at the bus stop , 42   some of them looked very anxious and  43  (disappoint) .When the bus finally came , we all hurried on board .I got a place next  44  the window , so I had a good view of the sidewalk .A boy on a bike 45  (catch)my attention .he was riding beside the bus and waving his arms . I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver , but he refused 46  (stop ) until we reached the next stop .Still , the boy kept 47  (ride) . He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting .Finally , when we came to the next stop , the boy ran up to the door of the bus . I heard an excited conversation .Then the driver stoop up and asked, “ 48  anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop ?” A woman on the bus shouted , “Oh dear “ It is 49 (I)”.She pushed her way to the driver and to the little boy .Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done .And the passengers _50_(sudden) became friendly to one another . 
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
【题文】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处,每处仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
     2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。’t need to do so many homework .Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities .For example , we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day .
 My dream school look like a big garden .There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings .We can lie on the grass for a rest , or sat by the lake listening music .The teachers here are kind and helpfully .They are not only our teachers but also our friends .
第二节   书面表达(满分25分)
【题文】 根据下列要点,请写一篇文章,介绍居里夫人。
1. 出生于1876年。
2. 父亲在波兰当教师期间,与父亲一起生活。家境贫寒,自己打工挣学费。
3. 在巴黎遇到丈夫Pierre Curie (一位知名的年轻科学家)并结婚。一起在小木屋里做实验,发现了镭 (radium)。因为该发现,居里夫妇被授予诺贝尔奖。
4. 1911年再次被授予诺贝尔奖,该奖项历史上首次两度授予同一个人。
5. 她把荣誉看得很淡,这也是她成为一名伟大科学家的秘诀。
6. 她成为了当时最著名的女科学家。
词数:120~150
高二英语答案
1. A
解析:钟南山工作勤奋,可用diligent或者hard-working来概括;他从不掩盖事实,说明honest(诚实;正直)。
2. D 
解析:根据第一段可知,SARS是一种传染性很强的疾病。
3. D
解析:细节题。根据第一段第六句话可知。
4. D
解析:推理题。根据文章最后一句话可知,D项是正确答案。另外三个选项虽然表述正确,但都不是推理得出的。
5. C
解析:四个选项中,只有C项最准确地概括出本文的主题:钟南山博士及其与非典成功抗争的经历。
6. D
解析:细节题。根据第二、第三段不难选出正确答案为D项。
7. B
解析:细节题。由第一段的内容可知只有B项表述正确,其他均与文义不合。
8. D
解析:作者意图题。根据原句不难理解D项为正确答案。
9. D
解析:根据最后一段可以得知D项符合文义。
10. C
解析:主旨大意题。C项比较概括,其余选项都只是本文中的话题之一。
11. A 
解析:细节题。根据第一段 “Most of his films were murder mysteries”Alfred Hitchcock的两部电影Psycho和The Birds。 
15. D
解析:文章中没有提及Alfred Hitchcock的弱点。
16-20


21-40
【小题7】D
【小题8】A
【小题9】D
【小题10】B
【小题11】A
【小题12】C
【小题13】B
【小题14】A
【小题15】C
【小题16】B
【小题17】D
【小题18】A
【小题19】C
【小题20】B
41-50
【答案】
【小题1】being 
【小题2】and
【小题3】disappointed
【小题4】to 
【小题5】caught
【小题6】to stop 
【小题7】riding 
【小题8】Did
【小题9】me /mine 
【小题10】suddenly 
【解析】


短文改错


Ⅷ. 书面表达
参考范文:
Marie was born in 1876. She lived in Poland where her father was a teacher. She was a poor girl who worked to get money to pay for her lessons. 
It was in Paris that she met and married Pierre Curie, a young scientist who had already earned respect. Together they made their experiments in an old wooden house. There they found something which they called radium.
The Curies were given the Nobel Prize for their great discovery. In 1911 she received another Nobel Prize. It is the only time in history that two Nobel Prizes have been given to the same person.
She did not mind working and she took little notice of the honours that were given to her in later years. This was the secret of her greatness. 
She became the most famous woman scientist of her time. That is the story of Marie Curie’s life. 



















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