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2015-2016学年高二英语课件:Unit2《The United Kingdom》Section Ⅱ(新人教版必修5)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ★考点:remain linking v. 仍然是;保持不变 vi.剩余;遗留;继续存在 ①It remains to be seen whether you are right. 你说得对不对还有待于证实。 ②【高考典句】(2015·浙江高考)Every part of my life changed;no part of my old routine remained. 我生活的每一部分都发生了变化;我以前的常规没有一部分保持不变。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ③【高考典句】(2015·课标全国高考Ⅱ)Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter,you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race. 根据你计划参加的比赛种类,你可以为比赛前剩余的星期设定一个时间表。 词性:形容词 含义:剩余的 2)remain用作系动词时,意为“仍然(处于某种状态),保持”,后面常跟that从句/adj./n./to be done等形式。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 10.There followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.(P14) 接着(参观的)是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元1666年可怕的伦敦大火之后修建的。 剖析:本句中使用了副词there开头的完全倒装句型。 ①There went two boys and their teacher. 两个男孩和他们的老师去了。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 注意:完全倒装的结构常用的有两种情况:一、方式或方位副词(如up,down,in,out,away,here,there,now,then)置于句首;二、表示方位的介词短语(如in the room,under the tree等)位于句首。 ②The door opened and out rushed a boy. 门开了,一个男孩冲出去了。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 11.It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.(P14) 这似乎是一件怪事:这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去世。 剖析:在句型“It+系动词+strange/necessary/important/natural...+that从句”中,that从句要用虚拟语气,即谓语形式为“should+动词原形”,其中should可省略,表示意外、惊讶、纳闷等,意为“竟然”。should后加完成式即“should have done”则表示对发生过的事情表示意外、惊讶和纳闷。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ①It is strange that he (should)be sent there. 奇怪的是他竟然被派去那儿。 ②It is strange that they should have left without saying a word. 奇怪的是他们竟然一句话也没说就离开了。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12.But she was thrilled by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures displayed in the museum.(P14) 但是她感到最为震惊的却是博物馆里展出的那么多来自不同文化的奇妙宝物。 剖析:过去分词短语displayed in the museum作定语,修饰名词treasures。 ①【高考典句】(2014·浙江高考)Amie Salmon,disabled,is attended throughout her school days by a nurse appointed to guard her. 残疾的埃米·塞尔蒙整个上学期间都是由一名被指派的护士看护她。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ★考点:thrill vt.使激动;使胆战心惊 ②【高考典句】(2013·山东高考)The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. 观众听到他的音乐时非常激动。 ③She was thrilled with terror when she saw the scene of the murder. 她看到凶杀现场时,吓得胆战心惊。 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ④Meeting with him in Beijing was a great thrill to me. 对我来说,在北京遇到他是件让人兴奋的事情。 词性:名词 含义:使人兴奋的事情/一阵强烈的情绪(如快乐、激动、恐惧等) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ⑤【高考典句】(2014·陕西高考) Some of them also had the thrill of being on the winning side. 他们有些人也有获胜方的那份激动。 词性:名词 含义:激动/兴奋 ⑥It’s really thrilling.那真的太令人激动了。 词性:形容词 含义:令人激动的 ⑦Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert.The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. 格什温亲自在音乐会上弹钢琴。观众们听到他的音乐时非常激动。 词性:形容词 含义:感到激动的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 thrill vt.使激动;使胆战心惊 thrill n.使人兴奋的事情;一阵强烈的情绪(如快乐、激动、恐惧等) thrilling adj.令人激动的 thrilled adj.激动的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ③Everybody,take your place please. 请大家就座。 搭配:take your place 意义:就座  ④The chairs for the concert were nearly all in place. 音乐会的椅子差不多都被摆放好了。 搭配:in place 意义:在适当的位置/合适  ⑤What would you do in my place? 如果你处在我的位置你会怎么办? 搭配:in sb’s place 意义:处在某人的位置  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ⑥What he said in that occasion was really out of place. 他在那个场合所说的话的确不合适。 搭配:out of place 意义:不合适/在错误的位置  2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词组的不同用法 ⑦Tom will take the place of his manager when she is away. 汤姆将在经理离开期间代替她的职位。 take the place of的含义是“代替”。 ⑧【高考典句】(2014·江苏高考)Where does this conversation probably take place? 这个会话大概发生在什么地方? take place的含义是“发生”,与happen,come about同义。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 4.On my way to the station my car broke down.(P13) 我的汽车在去车站的路上出故障了。 ★考点:break down(机器)损坏;破坏 ①My kids have been annoying me and the last straw was when my car broke down,and I was stuck by the highway for an hour before someone stopped to help. 我的孩子们一直烦扰着我(让我买手机),最后一根稻草是我的车坏在路上的时候,我被困在公路上一个小时,才有人停下车来帮助我。 ②Who broke down the door of our classroom? 谁把我们教室的门弄坏了? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词组的意义 ③The plan broke down because people were unwilling to cooperate. 因为人们不愿意合作,所以这项计划失败了。 意义:(计划、和谈等)失败 ④His health broke down under the pressure of work. 他因工作压力身体垮掉了。 意义:(身体)垮掉 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ⑤Chemicals in our body break down our food into useful substances. 我们身体中的化学物质把食物分解成有用的物质。 意义:分解 ⑥【高考典句】(2014·天津高考) The two countries are going to meet to break down some barriers to trade between them. 这两个国家打算再次会晤,打破两国之间的贸易壁垒。 意义:扫除 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 break down的含义: 1.(机器)损坏;破坏 2.(计划、和谈等)失败 3.(身体)垮掉 4.分解 5.扫除(障碍等) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 5.They had no time to arrange their own wedding...(P13) 他们没有时间筹备自己的婚礼…… ★考点:arrange vt. 筹备;安排;整理 ①He arranged that the meeting(should)be put off for a week.他安排把会议推迟一周。 归纳:arrange后接that引导的宾语从句时,从句谓语动词应为“should+动词原形”形式,其中should可以省略。 ②The girl is arranging her notes. 那个女孩正在整理笔记。 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ③I have arranged to see her this Sunday. 我已经安排这个星期天同她见面。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 搭配:arrange to do sth 意义:安排做某事  ④I will arrange for Kate to pick you up. 我将安排凯特去接你。 搭配:arrange for sb/sth to do sth 意义:安排某人/某物做某事  ⑤We must arrange a proper time and place for the meeting.我们必须安排一个合适的时间和地点开会。 搭配:arrange sth for sb/sth 意义:为某事/某人安排某事  2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ⑥Have you made necessary arrangements? 你作了必要的安排吗? 词性:名词 含义:安排 词组make arrangements/an arrangement意为“作安排”。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 arrange to do sth安排做某事 arrange for sb/sth to do sth安排某人/某物做某事 arrange sth for sb/sth为某人/某事安排某事 make arrangements/an arrangement作安排 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 6.The first person in each group writes a sentence and folds the paper over his/her writing...(P13) 每组的第一个人写一个句子,然后把纸折叠,遮起他/她写的内容…… ★考点:fold vt.折叠;对折 ①The teacher asked the students to fold the paper. 老师让学生把纸对折。 ②The boy folded up the newspaper and put it in his schoolbag. 那个男孩把报纸折叠起来,放进了书包。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ③He folded the umbrella and entered the room. 他把雨伞合拢,进入了房间。 词性:及物动词 含义:合拢 ④【高考典句】(2015·浙江高考)Body language can give away a lot about your mood,so standing with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive. 体态语能够暴露你情绪方面的东西,因此双臂交叉站着发送出的信号是你正处于戒备状态。 词性:及物动词 含义:交叉 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ⑤The boy folded the stone and stood up. 那个男孩抱着石头站了起来。 词性:及物动词 含义:抱住 ⑥Does this table fold? 这张桌子可以折叠吗? 词性:不及物动词 含义:折叠 ⑦The restaurant folded(up)in less than a year. 这家餐厅不到一年就倒闭了。 词性:不及物动词 含义:倒闭/失败 2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ⑧I unfolded the letter and read it. 我打开信读了起来。 词性:动词 含义:展开/摊开/打开 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 fold的含义: 1.及物动词:折叠;对折;合拢;交叉;抱住 2.不及物动词:折叠;倒闭;失败 unfold vt. 展开,摊开,打开 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 7.Worried about the time available,Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.(P14) 由于担心时间不够,张萍玉早就把想要在伦敦参观的地点列了一张单子。 剖析:本句中的过去分词短语worried about the time available在句子中作原因状语。 ①【高考典句】(2015·重庆高考)Raised in the poorest area of Glasgow,he had a long,hard road to becoming a football star. 在格拉斯哥最贫穷的地区被抚养长大,他要想成为足球明星的道路漫长而艰辛。 ②Finished in a hurry,his homework was full of mistakes.由于完成得很仓促,他的作业满是错误。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ★考点:available adj. 可利用的;可用到的;有用的 ③【高考典题】(2015·上海高考)On the edge of the car park I backed into the next available spot—it was a tight fit. 在这个停车场的边缘,我把车倒进了下一个可以利用的地方——刚好放下。 ④We must employ all available means to save the boy. 我们必须用一切可用的方法来救这个男孩。 ⑤The season ticket is available for three months. 季票有效期为三个月。 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ⑥The government is trying to make the houses available to the majority of the people. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 政府正努力使大多数人能买得起房子。 搭配:make sth available to sb 意义:使某人可以享受某物/使某人买得起某物  2)available作定语时,常位于所修饰的名词的后面。 ⑦There is only a little money available for the trip. 这次旅行只有少量的钱可供花费。 3)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的含义 ⑧Our boss is not available.He is having a meeting. 我们老板没空,他正在开会。 含义:有空的/可与之联系的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 8.Her first delight was going to the Tower.(P14) 她最先想参观的地方是伦敦塔。 ★考点:delight n. 快乐;高兴;喜悦 ①【高考典句】(2015·福建高考)To my delight,I was chosen from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. 令我高兴的是,我从数百名候选人中被选中去参加开幕式。 ②Their delight at winning a race or getting a new bike is unreserved. 他们对于赢得一场比赛或得到一辆新自行车的喜悦是毫不掩饰的。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 考点延伸  1)delight作“快乐;高兴;喜悦”讲时为不可数名词;作“使人高兴的事情,乐趣”讲时为可数名词,并常与不定冠词连用。 ③She ran back home with delight. 她兴高采烈地跑回家。 ④The novel is a delight.I’m about two thirds through. 这本小说让人爱不释手,我大约看完三分之二了。 2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ⑤He delighted to prove his brother wrong. 他因证明弟弟是错的而感到高兴。 词性:不及物动词 含义:高兴 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ⑥What delighted me most was that the children were smiling all the time. 使我最高兴的事情是孩子们一直都在微笑。 词性:及物动词 含义:使高兴/欣喜 ⑦Thank you very much for inviting me to this delightful dinner.谢谢您邀请我参加这次令人愉快的晚宴。 词性:形容词 含义:令人愉快的 ⑧【高考典句】(2014·辽宁高考) Although we’ve been delighted to have you as neighbors,we’re hoping to settle something that bothers us. 虽然我们很高兴有你们作邻居,但我们希望解决一些困扰我们的事情。 词性:形容词 含义:高兴的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 to sb’s delight=to the delight of sb令某人高兴的是 with delight高兴地 take delight in喜欢;从……中取乐 delight in喜欢;以……为乐 be delighted with对……高兴 be delighted to do sth高兴做某事 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 9.This solid stone,square tower had remained standing for one thousand years.(P14) 这座用坚硬的石头砌成的方形塔已经屹立在那儿一千年了。 剖析:本句的时态是过去完成时;现在分词短语standing for one thousand years在句中作伴随状语。如: He said it angrily pointing at the notice on the wall. 他生气地说着,手指着墙上的布告。 -*- Section Ⅱ— Learning about Language,Using Language,Summing Up & Learning Tip -*- X  INZHI DAOXUE  新知导学 DAYI JIEHUO 答疑解惑 X  INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 X INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 Section Ⅱ— Learning about Language,Using Language,Summing Up & Learning Tip 一 二 三 四 五 一 二 三 四 五 5.—Hi,Amy.Why are you so upset? —Er,I found the washing machine I had had repaired           again.  6.Three activities—skipping,jogging,outdoor aerobics(有氧运动),all of which are free of charge,will be        .  7.He gave me a         of what he had seen in the garden.  8.No one could                 Tom in the company.  答案:1.possibility 2.folded 3.quarrel 4.alike 5.broke down 6.arranged 7.description 8.take the place of 一 二 三 四 五 二、阅读课文SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON,找出文中提到的名胜古迹,并译成汉语 1.                          2.                          3.                          4.                          5.                          6.                          7.                          8.                          一 二 三 四 五 答案:1.the Tower of London 伦敦塔 2.St Paul’s Cathedral 圣保罗大教堂 3.Westminster Abbey 威斯敏斯特大教堂 4.Big Ben 大本钟 5.Buckingham Palace 白金汉宫 6.Greenwich 格林尼治天文台 7.Highgate Cemetery 海格特公墓 8.the British Museum大英博物馆 一 二 三 四 五 三、阅读课文SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON,找出下列句子,并说出其中的过去分词所作的成分 1.To her great surprise,Zhang Pingyu found the Queen’s jewels guarded by special royal soldiers... guarded在句子中作            2.There followed St Paul’s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666. built在句子中作        3.It passes through Greenwich,so Pingyu had a photo taken standing on either side of the line. taken在句子中作            一 二 三 四 五 4.Sadly the library had moved from its original place into another building and the old reading room was gone. gone在句子中作        5.But she was thrilled by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures displayed in the museum. displayed在句子中作        答案:1.宾语补足语 2.定语 3.宾语补足语 4.表语 5.定语 一 二 三 四 五 四、阅读课文SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON,回答下列问题 1.Which place did Zhang Pingyu want to visit first? A.The Tower. B.St Paul’s Cathedral. C.Buckingham Palace. D.Greenwich. 2.According to the first paragraph,    built the Tower.  A.the Roman invaders B.the Norman invaders C.the English people D.Queen Elizabeth Ⅰ 一 二 三 四 五 3.What did Zhang Pingyu see in Westminster Abbey? A.Some statues of English kings. B.Some statues of dead famous soldiers. C.Some statues of political leaders. D.Some statues of dead poets and writers. 4.What interested Zhang Pingyu most in Greenwich? A.The famous clock. B.Its old ships. C.The longitude line. D.Its beautiful scenery. 一 二 三 四 五 5.Which of the following is NOT in London? A.Westminster Abbey. B.Windsor Castle. C.Karl Marx’s statue. D.St Paul’s Cathedral. 答案:1.A 2.B 3.D 4.C 5.B 一 二 三 四 五 五、阅读课文SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON,完成下面表格 SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON 一 二 三 四 五 答案:1.invaders 2.stone 3.fire 4.statues 5.Shakespeare 6.longitude 7.navigation 8.London 9.treasures 10.Queen 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1.You will live in a town close to the countryside in England in a furnished house with all modern conveniences.(P12) 你将住在靠近英国乡村的小镇里的配有便利现代设施的带家具的房子里。 剖析:本句中的形容词短语close to the countryside作定语。形容词短语作定语,常位于所修饰名词的后面。如: ①I know an actor suitable for the role. 我认识一个适合扮演这个角色的演员。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ★考点:furnished adj.配备好装备的;带家具的 ②He has been searching for a furnished flat these days. 这几天,他一直在寻找配备家具的公寓。 ③His office is furnished with a desk and four chairs. 他的办公室里摆有一张桌子和四把椅子。 归纳:be furnished with意为“装备有/配备着……”。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ④Maybe we could get some new furniture. 或许我们应该买些新家具。 词性:名词(不可数名词) 含义:家具 ⑤The company will furnish each contestant with a free ticket. 那个公司将为每个参赛者免费提供一张票。 词性:动词 含义:提供 ⑥They furnished their rooms with new curtains. 他们给房间里装了新的窗帘。 词性:动词 含义:装备/布置 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Mr.Smith has furnished his new room.When we enter it,we see a furnished room where there are all kinds of furniture. 史密斯先生装修了他的新房间。当我们进去时,我们看到了一个配备好装备的房间,里面有各种各样的家具。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2.Do these differences cause conflicts or quarrels?(P12) 这些差异会造成冲突或争吵吗? ★考点:quarrel n. 争吵;争论;吵架 vi. 争吵,吵架 ①I had a quarrel with my wife about who should do the housework. 我与妻子因为谁应该做家务的事吵了一架。 ②They quarrelled with each other about the lost knife. 他们彼此因为丢失的小刀争吵起来。 归纳:quarrel常与介词with与about连用,表示“与……关于……吵架”。 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ③I quarrel with your way of speaking. 我不赞成你的说话方式。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 搭配:quarrel with 意义:不同意/反对  ④A bad workman quarrels with his tools. 厨子笨,怨刀钝。 搭配:quarrel with 意义:抱怨  ⑤He had a quarrel with his girlfriend yesterday. 昨天他跟他的女朋友争吵了一番。 搭配:have a quarrel with sb 意义:与某人吵架  2)辨析:quarrel,argue与debate quarrel 吵嘴,吵架 argue 辩论,辩护(着重说理、论证和企图说服) debate(对立双方)正式或公开的争辩/辩论 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 quarrel with sb about sth与某人关于某事吵架 quarrel with不同意/反对;抱怨 have a quarrel with sb与某人吵架 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3.All of the words below can take the place of said...(P12) 下面所有这些词都能代替动词said…… ★考点:take the place of代替 ①In the future,natural gas will take the place of petrol as the major fuel. 将来天然气会代替汽油成为主要的能源。 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ②Your English teacher is ill,so I take his place to give you lessons. 你们的英语老师病了,因此我替他来给你们上课。 搭配:take sb’s place 意义:代替  -*- Section Ⅱ— Learning about Language,Using Language,Summing Up & Learning Tip -*- X  INZHI DAOXUE  新知导学 DAYI JIEHUO 答疑解惑 X  INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 X INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 
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