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2015-2016学年高二英语课件:Unit1《Great scientists》Section Ⅰ(新人教版必修5)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 8.The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into their bodies with their meals.(P2) 第二种看法是人们是在吃饭时把这种病毒引入体内的。 剖析:本句是一个复合句,虽然谓语动词是suggested,但其宾语从句采用了陈述语气。suggest意为“表明,暗示”时,其后宾语从句不用虚拟语气,此时suggest的主语通常不用人而用事物来充当。 ①The expressions on his face suggested that he was satisfied with the result. 他脸上的表情表明他对这个结果很满意。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  1)suggest作“建议”讲时,其宾语从句多用虚拟语气,即从句谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。suggest后跟动词时应接动词-ing形式。 ②【高考典句】(2014·福建高考)Tenyson suggested that we should buy the lady a flower. 坦尼森建议我们给那位女士买一枝花。 ③I suggested to him that we(should)tackle(处理)the problem another way. 我向他建议我们用另一种方式处理这个问题。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ④He suggested taking the children to the zoo. 他提议带孩子们去动物园。 2)表示“命令,建议,要求,请求,坚持”的动词,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。这些动词包括advise,command,demand,insist,order,recommend,request,require等。 ★考点:absorb vt.吸收;吸引;使专心  ⑤This kind of paper absorbs ink. 这种纸吸墨水。 ⑥The book absorbed his attention. 这本书吸引了他的注意力。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ⑦【高考典句】(2015·天津高考)Absorbed in painting,John didn’t notice evening approaching. 专心于画画,约翰没有注意到夜幕降临。 归纳:(be) absorbed in的含义是“专心于……;聚精会神(做)……”。 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的含义 ⑧The clever boy absorbed all the knowledge his teacher could give him. 这个聪明的男孩接受了老师能够传授给他的所有知识。 含义:接受(看法、知识等) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 9.John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct but he needed evidence.(P2) 约翰·斯诺认为第二种说法是正确的,但是他需要证据。 ★考点:suspect vt.认为;怀疑 n.被怀疑者;嫌疑犯 ①【高考典句】(2015·四川高考)The most popular view is that Egyptian workers slid the blocks along smooth paths.Many scientists suspect workers first would have put the blocks on sleds. 最流行的一种观点就是埃及工人沿着光滑的道路快速移动这些石块。许多科学家认为工人们首先要把这些石块放到长撬上。 ②I suspect him to have stolen the money. 我怀疑他偷了那笔钱。 ③The policeman suspected the thief of lying. 那个警察怀疑小偷撒谎。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 归纳:suspect作动词时,可接从句作宾语;suspect sb to have done sth的含义是“怀疑某人做了某事”;suspect sb of(doing)sth含义是“怀疑某人(做)某事”。 ④One boy was killed and his roommate became the suspect.一个男孩被害,他的室友成为被怀疑者。 ⑤The police arrested two suspects. 警察逮捕了两个嫌疑犯。 考点延伸  辨析:suspect与doubt 1)接名词、代词或名词性词组作宾语时,suspect和doubt基本上可通用。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2)接that从句作宾语时,suspect和doubt的含义截然不同。suspect表示“有存在或属实的想法,认为”,即怀疑其有;而doubt则表示“无把握,不相信”,即怀疑其无。 3)doubt用于肯定句时,多接whether或if引导的宾语从句,意义与后接that从句不同,这时意为“不敢肯定”。而suspect不接这种从句。 ⑥He says he can cure me,but I still suspect/doubt him. 他说他能够治好我的病,但是我仍怀疑他。 ⑦I suspect that he has murdered the girl. 我怀疑他谋杀了那个女孩。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ⑧【高考典句】(2015·湖北高考)Questioning is a bridge to learning.When you begin to doubt something and search for an answer,you will learn. 提问题是学习的一座桥梁。当你开始怀疑某事并寻找答案的时候,你就要学习了。 ⑨【高考典句】(2014·陕西高考)But I doubt that it could have been better than his own story. 但是,我怀疑它比他自己的故事可能会更精彩。 ⑩I doubt whether/if he can come. 我不敢肯定他能不能来。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 suspect sb to have done sth怀疑某人做了某事 suspect sb of(doing) sth怀疑某人(做)某事 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 10.It seemed that the water was to blame.(P2) 看来水是罪魁祸首。 剖析:It seems/seemed后面的that可以省略。 ①It seems (that) our team is going to win. 我们队好像要赢了。 注意:It seems/seemed+that从句=that从句中的主语+seem(s)/seemed+不定式,意为“似乎/好像……”。 ②It seems that she doesn’t like the idea. =She doesn’t seem to like the idea. 她似乎不喜欢这个主意。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ★考点:blame vt.责备;谴责 n.过失;责备 ③【高考典句】(2015·广东高考)We tend to blame TV,he says,for problems it doesn’t really cause,overlooking our own roles in shaping children’s minds. 他说:“我们更容易因为电视没有造成的问题而责怪它,而忽视了我们自己在塑造孩子思想方面的作用。 ④Mary blamed the failure of their marriage on Jack. 玛丽把他们婚姻的失败怪到杰克头上。 ⑤Don’t put/lay the blame on the children. 别把过失归咎于孩子们。 ⑥If anyone takes/bears the blame,it’s me. 如果有人要承担责任,那这个人就是我。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ⑦He has always lived a blameless life. 他一向过着清白的生活。 词性:形容词 含义:清白的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 be to blame应该受到责备 blame sth on sb 把某事怪到某人头上 put/lay the blame on sb 把过失归咎于某人 take/bear the blame 承担责任 blameless adj.无可责备的,无过失的,清白的 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 11.In another part of London,he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.(P3) 在伦敦的另一个地区,他从两个与宽街暴发的霍乱有关联的死亡病例中又发现了有力证据。 剖析:句中的that引导一个定语从句,修饰先行词two other deaths。由于引导词that在从句中作主语,所以不能省略。 ①【高考典句】(2015·福建高考)The battle lasts little more than half an hour,in which time around 50,000 kilograms of tomatoes have been thrown at anyone or anything that moves,runs,or fights back. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 这场大战持续半个小时多一点,在这段时间里,大约5万千克的西红柿将扔向任何走动、奔跑或反击的人或物。 ②Have you read the book that was bought yesterday? 你读昨天买的那本书了吗? ★考点:link...to...将……和……联系或连接起来 ③Fingerprints linked the suspect to the crime. 指纹将嫌疑犯和这起犯罪行为联系起来。 ④Heart disease can be linked to smoking. 心脏病可能与吸烟有关。 归纳:be linked to的含义是“与……有联系/关/把……连接起来”。to也可替换为with。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 12A woman,who had moved away from Broad Street,liked the water from the pump so much that she had it delivered to her house every day.(P3) 有一位妇女是从宽街搬走的,她特别喜欢这个水泵里的水,每天都要派人从水泵打水送到家里。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ★考点:该句中的had it delivered 是“have+宾语+宾补”的结构。have sth done意为“使某物遭受……;使某事被做”或“遭受某种不幸”。 ①When will you have your homework handed in? 翻译:你什么时候交作业? ②He had his leg broken while playing basketball. 翻译:他打篮球时摔坏了腿。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 13.With this extra evidence John Snow was able to announce with certainty that polluted water carried the virus.(P3) 有了这个特别的证据,约翰·斯诺就能肯定地宣布,这种被污染了的水携带着病菌。 ★考点:announce vt.宣布;通告 ①【高考典句】(2015·四川高考)As the vegetables started coming in,Dad threw himself into cooking.One day,armed with a basket of vegetables,he announced he was going to make stew. 随着蔬菜开始收获,爸爸致力于烹饪。一天,提着一篮子蔬菜,爸爸宣布他要做炖菜。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ②The news was announced to the public. 这个消息已通告给公众。 搭配:announce sth to sb 意义:向某人宣告某事  ③It was announced that a cold wave would come soon. 据宣布,不久寒流就要到来。 搭配:It is/was announced that... 意义:据宣布……  2)announce后不能接双宾语,可以说announce sth to sb,但不能说announce sb sth。同样用法的动词还有say,explain,suggest,report,convey等。 我们不能说:The teacher announced the students the result. 但我们可以说:The teacher announced the result to the students. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 3)辨析:announce与declare announce 后接名词、代词或that引导的宾语从句,而declare除接上面的结构以外还可接复合宾语等结构。 announce更接近于汉语“公布,告知”的意思,它所涉及的是一件对方原来不知道的事。而declare较为正式,含有庄严宣告或交代清楚的意思,它所涉及的事不一定是对方所不知道的。 ④The accident was announced to his family by telephone. 已将事故通过电话告知了他的亲属。 ⑤Fighting has been going on for a year,but war has not yet been declared. 仗已打了一年,但并没有宣战。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ⑥They began shooting immediately after the announcement. 他们在通告后立即开始发射。 词性:名词 含义:通告;布告;宣布 ⑦His wife,Mrs Smith was an announcer on TV broadcast. 他的妻子,史密斯夫人是位电视台的播音员。 词性:名词 含义:广播员;播音员 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Our monitor has                               to solve the problem.  答案:1)put up with 2)put forward 3)put off 4)put up 5)put forward a good plan 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2.Draw a conclusion(P1) 得出结论 ①We drew a conclusion from the facts. 我们从这些事实中得出一个结论。 ②They drew the conclusion that the boy would perform very well in the coming weeks. 他们得出了结论,那个男孩在接下来的几周里将表现得很好。 归纳:如果conclusion后接that引导的同位语从句,要把a改为the,即draw the conclusion that...。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的含义 ③【高考典句】(2014·江西高考)What can be concluded from the last paragraph? 从最后一段可以推断出什么? 含义:推断出 2)conclusion 的相关短语 in conclusion 最后;总之 come to/arrive at/reach a conclusion 得出结论 ④In conclusion,I’d like to say I enjoyed my staying here.最后,我要说我在这儿过得很愉快。 ⑤At last they came to a conclusion at the meeting. 最后,他们在会议上得出了结论。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 draw a conclusion得出结论 in conclusion 最后;总之 come to a conclusion 得出结论 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 3.JOHN SNOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”(P2) 约翰·斯诺战胜“霍乱王” ★考点:defeat vt.打败;战胜;使受挫 ①【高考典句】(2015·天津高考)One day when I was 12,my mother gave me an order:I was to walk to the public library,and borrow at least one book for the summer.This was one more weapon for her to defeat my strange problem—inability to read. 在我12岁的一天,我的妈妈给我下令:我要走着去公共图书馆,在这个夏天至少借一本书读。对她来说,这是又一种武器来击败我的奇怪的难题——没有阅读能力。 ②He defeated his competitor with difficulty and won the champion at the school sports meeting. 在学校运动会上,他艰难地战胜了他的对手,获得了冠军。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ③We didn’t consider the possibility of defeat. 我们没有考虑失败的可能性。 词性:不可数名词 含义:失败/输 ④Do you still remember the two defeats? 你还记得那两次失败吗? 词性:可数名词 含义:失败的事情(经历等) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2)辨析:win,beat与defeat win表示“赢得,获胜”,多接比赛、奖品、奖金、名誉、财产、战争等作宾语。 beat表示“击败,战胜”等含义,多接竞争中的队或对手,或战争中的敌人等作宾语。 defeat表示“击败,战胜”等含义,多接对手、疾病等作宾语。 ⑤He defeated/beat me at chess yesterday. 昨天在下国际象棋时他击败了我。 ⑥How many gold medals do you think the Chinese athletes will win at the next Olympic Games? 你认为中国运动员将在下一届奥运会上获得多少枚金牌? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 4.John Snow was a famous doctor in London — so expert,indeed,that he attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician.(P2) 约翰·斯诺是伦敦一位著名的医生——他的确医术精湛,因而成了维多利亚女王的私人大夫。 剖析:本句中含有so...that...句式,其含义是“如此……以至于……”,其中that引导的是一个结果状语 从句。  ①【高考典句】(2015·江苏高考)It is so cold that you can’t go outside unless fully covered in thick clothes. 天气很冷,除非你穿上厚衣服,否则你不能走到外面去。 注意:当so+adj./adv.位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装语序。 ②So careful are they that they hardly make any mistakes. 他们非常仔细,几乎不出任何错误。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ★考点:attend vt.照顾;护理;出席;参加 ③【高考典句】(2014·浙江高考)Amie Salmon,disabled,is attended throughout her school days by a nurse appointed to guard her. 艾米·萨蒙身患残疾,在她在上学的日子里,有专门指定的护士来照顾她。 ④Jane has attended her sick father for years. 简多年来一直护理着患病的父亲。 ⑤【高考典句】(2012·天津高考)Although I haven’t appeared in person,I have attended your college graduations,weddings and even the births of your children,in my imagination. 尽管我没有亲自参加,但在想象中我出席了你的毕业典礼、婚礼,甚至你孩子们的出生。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  辨析:take part in,join,join in与attend take part in “参加,参与”,通常指参加某项集体活动,并在其中起积极的作用,可指参加工作、活动、学习等。 join指加入某组织或团体,并成为其中一员。 join in有“参加活动,一起做某事”之意,意义相当于take part in。 attend作“参加”讲时,宾语通常为meeting,lecture,funeral,ceremony,party,school等。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ⑥We often take part in the after-class activities. 我们经常参加课外活动。 ⑦He joined the Youth League in 2009. 他于2009年加入共青团。 ⑧We all joined in the competition. 我们都参加了这次比赛。 ⑨Will you attend the wedding ceremony tomorrow? 你参加明天的结婚典礼吗? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 I have joined the school football club and often join in their activities.I’m allowed to attend their meetings and to my surprise one member will take part in the national sports meet. 我已经加入了学校足球俱乐部,经常参加他们的活动。我被允许参加他们的会议,令我惊讶的是,一个会员将参加国家运动会。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 5.But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera.(P2) 但当他一想到要帮助(那些)受到霍乱威胁的普通百姓,他就感到很振奋。 剖析:过去分词短语exposed to cholera作(后置)定语 修饰ordinary people。 ①He made up his mind to see the soldiers exposed to serious diseases. 他决心去看望那些受到严重疾病威胁的士兵。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ★考点:expose vt.暴露;揭露;使曝光 ②【高考典句】(2015·四川高考)His study shows that when robins are exposed to light at night in the lab,it leads to some genes being active at the wrong time of day.And the more birds are exposed to light,the more active they are at night. 他的研究表明,在实验室里,当知更鸟在夜里被暴露在灯光下时,就会导致一些基因在白天错误的时间活跃。并且被暴露在光下越多,它们在夜里就会活跃。 ③The magazine exposed the politician as a crook. 这本杂志揭露这位政客是一个骗子。 ④The film has been exposed.这卷胶卷曝光了。 归纳:expose常与介词to连用,构成词组expose sb/sth to...,含义是“使某人/某物暴露在……”。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的含义 ⑤【高考典句】(2014·课标全国高考Ⅱ)Because I am Chinese,my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to the language and culture. 因为我是中国人,所以我和丈夫想让孩子们接触中国的语言和文化。 含义:使接触;使体验 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Though he exposed himself to some dangers,he wanted to expose the official’s lawless actions,which he took photos of.But his film was exposed.Even so,the official exposed his panic. 虽然他置身于某些危险中,但是他还是想揭露这个官员的不法行为,他给这些行为拍了照。但是他的胶卷曝光了。即使这样,那个官员露出了惊慌。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 6.Neither its cause nor its cure was understood.(P2) 人们既不知道它的病源,也不了解它的治疗方法。 剖析:neither...nor...的含义是“既不……也不……”,连接单词或短语作主语时,谓语动词的形式应与nor后的部分保持一致。 ①【高考典句】(2015·北京高考)The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new;nor are requests for more money to be sent from home.This phenomenon is neither good nor bad;it is a fact of college life,today and in the past. 大学生经济上依赖父母的事实不是什么新鲜事,要求家里寄更多的钱也不是新鲜事。这种现象既不好也不坏;它是一种现在和过去的大学生活的事实。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ★考点:cure n.治愈;痊愈 ②The boy’s cure took six days. 这个男孩的痊愈用了六天时间。 ③The doctors are trying to find a cure for that strange disease.医生们正在努力寻找一种治愈那种怪病的方法。 归纳:cure作为“治疗(办法)”讲时,是可数名词,常与介词for 连用。  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 考点延伸  阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义 ④【高考典句】(2015·湖北高考)Science has a lot of uses.It can uncover laws of nature,cure diseases,make bombs,and help bridges to stand up. 科学有许多用途。它可以揭示自然规律,治愈疾病,制造炸弹,并且帮助建造桥梁。 词性:动词 含义:治愈  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 7.So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.(P2) 每次暴发霍乱时,就有大批惊恐的老百姓病死。 剖析: every time引导时间状语从句,意为“每当……”。类似用法的短语还有each time“每次;每当”,at the time“在……时候”,the last time“最后一次”,the first time“第一次”,next time“下一次”,the moment“一……就……”等。  ①Every time we are in trouble,David comes to help us in time. 每当我们处于困境时,戴维都会及时来帮我们。 ②The last time I saw him,he was working in a shoe shop. 最后一次我见到他时,他在一家鞋店工作。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 2)每次我去看他,他都是在教室里看书。                                      ,he is absorbed in reading in the classroom.  答案:1)every time I was in trouble 2)Every time I go to see him -*- Section Ⅰ— Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading & Comprehending -*- CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X  INZHI DAOXUE  新知导学 DAYI JIEHUO 答疑解惑 CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X  INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 Unit 1 Great scientists 【文章导语】Science is a way for us to know the world and plays an important part in our daily life.So we should understand science in order to develop. Understanding Science To understand what science is,just look around you.What do you see? Perhaps,your hand on the mouse1,a computer screen,papers,ballpoint pens,the family cat,the sun shining through the window...Science is,in one sense,our knowledge of all the things that are in the universe:from the smallest subatomic particles2to the complex chemical interactions3 and electrical fluctuations4 within your own body that allow you to read and understand these words.But just as importantly,science is also a reliable process by which we learn about all the objects in the universe.However,science is different from many other ways of learning because of the way it is done.Science relies on testing ideas with evidence gathered from the natural world. Science helps satisfy the natural curiosity with which we are all born.And science can lead to technological advances,as well as helping us learn about very important and useful topics,such as our health,the environment,and natural hazards5.Without science,the modern world would not be modern at all,and we still have much to learn.Millions of scientists all over the world are working to solve different parts of the problems which puzzle us. 译文: 要想了解科学是什么,只需要看看你的周围。你看到什么了?也许,放在鼠标上的你的手、电脑屏幕、文件、圆珠笔、家里的猫、透过窗子照射进来的阳光……从某种意义上来说,科学是我们对宇宙一切事物的认识:从最小的亚原子粒子到复杂的化学活动和你自身体内的允许你阅读和理解这些单词的电子脉冲。但是同样重要的是,科学也是一种可靠的过程,通过它我们了解宇宙万物。然而,由于自身的处理方式,科学不同于其他的学习方式。科学依赖从自然界中所搜集的证据进行检验。 科学有助于满足我们与生俱来的好奇心。科学还能够促进技术进步,并且帮助我们了解非常重要有用的话题,例如我们的健康,环境和自然灾害。没有科学,现代世界将不现代,我们还有许多东西要了解。全世界许许多多科学家都在努力工作,以解决让我们感到困惑的各种问题。 词海拾贝  1.mouse /maʊs/ n.鼠标 2.subatomic /̩sʌbə̍tɒmIk/ particle /̍p􀱷ːtIkl/ 亚原子粒子 3.interaction /̩Intər̍ækʃn/ n.一起活动;互相影响;互动 4.fluctuation /̩flʌktʃʊ̍eIʃn/ n.波动 5.hazard /̍hæzəd/ n.灾害 难句剖析  Science is,in one sense,our knowledge of all the things that are in the universe:from the smallest subatomic particles to the complex chemical interactions and electrical fluctuations within your own body that allow you to read and understand these words. 译文:从某种意义上来说,科学是我们对宇宙一切事物的知识,从最小的亚原子粒子到复杂的化学活动和你自身体内的允许你阅读和理解这些单词的电子脉冲。 剖析:本句中有两个that引导的从句:that are in the universe和that allow you to read and understand these words,这两个从句均为定语从句。 理解诱思  1.What can be learned from the passage?(  ) A.There is still much about science for scientists to learn. B.Everyone should know all about science. C.Even if there were no science,our modern world would be still modern. D.Science is the same as many other ways of learning. 2.Do you like science? Why?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   答案:1.A 2.Yes.Because science can help me solve many problems and with science our society can develop... Section Ⅰ— Warming Up, Pre-reading, Reading & Comprehending 一 二 三 四 五 六 一、写作词汇 预习Reading部分的词汇,完成下列小对话或语篇。 1.—Linda,who           (提出)the plan at the meeting?  —Jack,a newcomer. 2.—We have drawn a        (结论).  —What’s it? —It is Tom rather than David who made a serious mistake. 3.—Our team        (击败)theirs yesterday.  —Really?Congratulations! —Thank you. Pre-reading   一 二 三 四 五 六 4.—Can you tell me who will       (参加)the conference?  —Sorry,the result will be announced tomorrow morning. 5.—Mary,don’t always       (使暴露)yourself to the sun.It’s bad for your skin.  —Thank you. 6.It is        (宣布)that the river has been       (污染)seriously.The people       (怀疑)it was caused by the factory near the river.And its boss finally said his factory was to       (责备)and he would       (使专心)himself in thinking of a way to solve the problem.  答案:1.put forward 2.conclusion 3.defeated 4.attend 5.expose 6.announced;polluted;suspect;blame;absorb 一 二 三 四 五 六 二、阅读词汇 预习Reading部分的词汇,写出画线部分的汉语意思。 There was an explosion in a big storehouse in Tianjin last year.No one had foreseen 1.    it and the neighbourhoods 2.     near it were affected seriously.Many of its victims 3.     were sent to the nearest hospital.And the physicians 4.         did all they could to save the injured.However,the accident’s consequence was severe 5.        and some firemen died.We should learn from the explosion and avoid such accidents.  答案:1.预见;预知 2.居民区 3.受害者 4.医生 5.严重的 一 二 三 四 五 六 三、请你说出近些年来人类受到了哪几种传染病的威胁 1.           2.          3.          4.          5.          答案:1.Cholera(霍乱) 2.SARS(非典型肺炎) 3.Bird flu(禽流感) 4.Influenza A(H1N1)(甲型H1N1流感) 5.Ebola(埃博拉) 一 二 三 四 五 六 四、人类应如何预防传染病 First,           Second,           Third,           Fourth,           答案:略 一 二 三 四 五 六 五、阅读课文JOHN SNOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”,回答下列问题 1.According to John Snow’s view,   .  A.Queen Victoria suffered a lot from bad health B.a cure had been found for cholera before his time C.cholera’s cause had to be discovered in order to control it  D.thousands of terrified people knew what they should do 2.Before 1854,when cholera broke out,   .  A.many thousands of people died  B.people with cholera could be cured  C.John Snow began to know its cause  D.John Snow became inspired While-reading   一 二 三 四 五 六 3.How did John Snow find out the cause of the disease? A.By living in the area where cholera broke out. B.By marking a map where all the dead people had lived. C.By telling the terrified people how to prevent it. D.By saving the dying people suffering from cholera. 4.How did people defeat “King Cholera”? A.By not polluting the river again. B.By eating healthy diets. C.By delivering the water from other rivers. D.By stopping drinking the polluted water. 一 二 三 四 五 六 5.What’s the purpose of the text? A.To show us how difficult it was to find a cure for cholera. B.To tell us how John Snow found the cause of cholera and the cure for it. C.To show us how difficult it was to carry out experiments at that time. D.To tell us the way cholera spread and how serious it was. 6.Another title of the text might be    .  A.John Snow and Cholera B.The Discovery of Cholera C.John Snow:A Great Scientist D.Cholera:A Kind of Deadly Disease 答案:1.C 2.A 3.B 4.D 5.B 6.A 一 二 三 四 五 六 Post-reading  六、阅读课文JOHN SNOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”,完成下面的短文 John Snow was a well-known doctor in London in the 19th century.He was 1.       famous that he even 2.       (attend)Queen Victoria.At that time,a deadly disease called cholera hit London.He decided to defeat cholera,when he saw thousands of people 3.       (expose)to it died every time there was an outbreak.In 1854 when cholera broke out,he gathered information and marked on a map 4.        all the dead people had lived.He found many people who had drunk 5.         dirty water from the pump died.He found a woman and  一 二 三 四 五 六 6.        daughter who lived far away but drank the water also died.7.       this extra evidence,John Snow announced that the polluted water was 8.     (blame).So the source of all the water supplies was examined 9. immediate).“King Cholera” 10.          (defeat) in the end.  答案:1.so 2.attended 3.exposed 4.where 5.the 6.her 7.With 8.to blame 9.immediately 10.was defeated 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1.Who put forward a theory about black holes?(P1) 谁提出了关于黑洞的理论? ★考点:put forward 提出 ①【高考典句】(2013·课标全国高考Ⅱ)It may not be a great suggestion.But before a better one is put forward,we’ll make do with it. 这也许不是一个很好的建议,但是在一个更好的建议被提出之前,我们先凑合一下。 考点延伸  1)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词组的意义 ②Why did you put your watch forward five minutes? 你为什么把你的手表拨快了五分钟? 意义:把……向前拨 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ③Thank you for putting my name forward as chairman of the committee. 谢谢你推荐我担任委员会主席。 意义:推荐 ④We have decided to put forward the meeting. 我们已经决定把会议提前。 意义:提前  2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的搭配及意义 ⑤Women who put off having a baby often make the best mothers.晚育的女性经常会成为最优秀的母亲。 搭配:put off 意义:推迟  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ⑥We put away the tools before we leave the workshop. 我们在离开车间以前把工具收拾好。 搭配:put away 意义:收拾好  ⑦I wanted to know if she could put me up for a few days.我想知道她能否让我住几天。 搭配:put up 意义:提供住宿  ⑧How could you put up with such a woman? 你怎么能够忍受这样一个女人? 搭配:put up with 意义:忍受  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 put forward 提出;推荐;提前 put off推迟 put up 提供住宿 put up with忍受 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 即学即用 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 -*- Section Ⅰ— Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading & Comprehending -*- CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X  INZHI DAOXUE  新知导学 DAYI JIEHUO 答疑解惑 CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X  INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 CHENDUWANSONG 晨读晚诵 X INZHI DAOXUE 新知导学 DAYI  JIEHUO 答疑解惑 
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