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西藏拉萨中学2015-2016学年高一下学期期中考试(第三学段)英语试卷

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2015-2016学年高一年级第二学期第三学段考试
英语试卷
(满分100分  考试时间90分钟)
命题:坚 参    审定:何军平
一、完形填空(20小题,每题1.5分,共计30分)
There is a holiday next week and I can’t decide what to do. I have a lot of work to do 1_____ and this would be a good chance 2____ . But I don’t like 3____ the holiday in such a way.I can work at home all the rest of the year. Last year I went 4_____ to the mountains. 5____ there was beautiful, but it is too cold this time of a year. And it’s really 6____ far to go for a short holiday. I decide 7 ____ this isn’t a good time to 8____  the mountains. But I 9____ to go somewhere else.
Perhaps this would be a good chance to go to the beach (海滨). I like to go for walks the seashore 11___ the warm sunshine and watch the water. It’s only eight miles away and I could get there 12___ about two hours. After thinkingit 13___ , I am sure that this is a 14____ time for the seashore than 15____ .
Oh, here is a letter 16____ Jim. He 17____ he is going to his house in the mountains for the 18_____ and he 19_____ me to go with him. 20 ____ giving it some more thought, I wrote back to Jim and thanked him for that.
A. at home        B. at house        C. in school       D. in factory 
A. do it          B. doing that     C. to do it        D. with that
A. to take        B. to spend        C. having          D. asking
A. the north      B. for north       C. north           D. to north
A. Nothing       B. Everything      C. Somebody       D. Anything
A. very           B. enough          C. rather          D. too
A. that           B. what            C. whether         D. When
A. go             B. go to           C. go for          D. leave
A. do want        B. wanted         C. shall want      D. was wanting
A. on             B. by              C. beside          D. along
A. on             B. during          C. in              D. under
A. in             B. for            C. with            D. after
A. about          B. of              C. over            D. on
A. good           B. fine           C. better          D. best
A. home           B. the mountains   C. big cities      D. country villages
A. for            B. to              C. from            D. by
A. says           B. tells           C. speaks          D. talks
A. weekend       B. holiday         C. sunday         D. trip
A. want           B. wish           C. hopes           D. asks
A. When           B. With            C. Without         D. As
阅读理解(15小题,每小题2分,共计30分)
A
 Water is very important to living things. Without water there can be no life on the earth. All animals and plants need water. Man also needs water. We need water to drink, to cook our food and to clean ourselves. Water is needed in offices, factories and schools. Water is needed everywhere.     There is water in seas, rivers and lakes. Water is found almost everywhere. Even in the desert part of the world, there is some water in the air. You can not see or feel it when it is a part of the air. The water in the seas, rivers and lakes is a liquid, the water in the air is a gas, and we call it water vapour (蒸气).      Clouds are made of water. They may be made of very small drops of water. They may also be made of snow crystals(结晶体). Snow crystals are very small crystals of ice. Ice is frozen water. It is a solid. There can be snow and ice everywhere in winter.      Water may be a solid or a liquid or a gas. When it is a solid, it may be as hard as a stone. When it is a liquid, you can drink it. When it is a gas, you can not see or feel it.21. Where can we find water?   A. We can find water when it turns into vapour.  B. Water can be found almost everywhere. C. We can see water in deserts here and there.    D. Water is only in seas and rivers.22. We can drink water when it is__________ .         A. a liquid       B. a solid        C. in the air       D. turned into ice23. Clouds are made of ____________ .        A. seas, rivers and lakes                           B. blocks of iceC. very small drops of water or snow crystals      D. solid, liquid and gas24. Water has three states(状态). They are ___________________ .  A. ice, snow and air                                    B. solid, vapour, snow  C. drops of water, blocks of ice and crystals of water  D. solid, liquid and gas

B
When I was a girl of 10, I joined the school cross-country team and practiced twice a week, on the 1.8-km course I’ d never really run before and I thought the course would be easy. It was a real shock I ran out of breathe within the first few minutes. I never realized how tiring running could be but I didn’t think about give up.
Over time, I did get a little bit faster. However, I was really slow. In races, I would finish close to last. I’d always have to stop more than once, especially in the longer races, which were 2. 5 to 2. 8 km. After every race, I’d go home and cry. But I still didn’t stop running, holding onto that picture of crossing the finishing line and finally doing well.
Then one of my friends joined the team, too. She could run easily and even came in the 18th in a big race! I felt so slow and my confidence was lower than ever. I became so nervous when I thought of the races that I wanted to give up badly.
Finally, I realized that the reason I was to nervous was that I was always worried that I wasn’t ready for them. So a few weeks before the next 2. 8-km race. I practiced running almost 3 km every day, which helped me improve my pace.
When the time came for the big race, all that practicing really paid off. I stopped only once and my pace was so much better.
I realized that I’d finally gotten happiness with running. But the funny thing was. It didn’t come from doing better, Instead, it came from the fact that I had tried harder and never given up.
25. Before she took the 1.8-km course, the writer________.
A. knew a lot about it          B. wanted to be a great runner
C. practiced running every day   D. never thought running so tired
26. The writer was nervous about the race because she_______.
A. had to stop to drink water     B. was worried she wasn’t ready
C. run slower than anyone else   D. could find no coach to help her
27. The underlined phrase “ paid off” probably mean “______”.
A. brought good results       B. coat a lot   
C. saved much time          D. came to fail
28. It can be inferred(推断) from the passage that the writer______.
A. got angry with her friend         B. wasn’t pleased with herself
C. was a person with a strong mind   D. had no interest in running
C
An Englishman: a Frenchman and a Russian were discussing happiness. “Happiness,” said the Englishman, “Happiness is when you return home tired after work, yet find your slippers(拖鞋) warming by the fire.”
“You English have no romance,” said the Frenchman. “Happiness is when you go on a business trip, find a pretty girl who entertains you -then afterwards you part without regrets.”
“You are both wrong,” said the Russian. “True happiness is when you are at home in bed and at 4 a.m., you hear a hammering at the door and outside stand the secret police, who say to you, ‘Ivan Ivanovitch, you are under arrest’, and you say, ‘Sorry, Ivanovitch lives next door.’”
29. The meaning of the Russian's words is that _______.
A. he would like to have a good sleep at night  B. he will feel happy if his neighbour is arrested
C. he thinks it happiness to feel safe   D. he will feel afraid if anyone knocks at his door at night
30. The best title for this story is "_______".
 A. The Difference in Happiness   B. How to Get Happiness
 C. The Definition of Happiness    D. The Importance of Happiness

D
Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher.    If I have learned anything in my 16 years, it is that communication is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let other person know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything.    Communication begins with the concerns of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore everyone. Even if you just say “Hi”, and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.    If you looked up the word “communication” in a dictionary, it would say “the exchange of ideas, the conveyance (表达) of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message”. To maintain (保持) a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note.    When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.    This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, not when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble.    Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, telling the other person how you feel-listening is the key factor to communication.31. In the writer’s view, dealing with parents is __________ than with children.   A. more difficult       B. easier    C. more uninteresting       D. more interesting32. The main idea of the second paragraph is __________.   A. the importance of friendship        B. to make your feeling known to others   C. the importance of communication    D. the disagreement between generations33. When parents and children are in communication, the key to a happy relationship is that __________.   A. children should always obey their parents   B. parents should mind their own business   C. parents play the leading part             D. both make the opposite know their feelings34. The example in this passage proves that ___________.   A. Sophie’s parents are willing to listen to her
B. Sophie is very polite to her parents   C. Sophie did well in explaining her being late
D. communication is the solutionto misunderstanding35. All the following statements are correct except “_______”.   A. If you don’t agree with others, you’d better let them know   B. It is better to say “Hi” to others than say nothing   C. If you are not able to communicate, walk away   D. Communication is a two-way deal

三、语法填空(10个空,每空1分,共计10分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

It is known to all (36)___________ the Chinese diet is considered to be the (37)__________(healthy) in the world because it (38)__________ (contain) a lot of fruit and green vegetables. It is rich (39)___________ fiber and low in sugar and fat.
How (40)_____________ the Western food? It has too much fat in the form (41)______________ potato chips, chocolate and so on.  It is also rich in sugar in the form of cakes, soft drinks, etc. As (42)______ _ result, the (43)________________(west) usually become very fat and have bad (44)____________ (tooth), and many of them even die at an early age from heart (45)______________ (ill).
四、 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later. Tony saw parents. Mom said“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.
书面表达(20分)
如今,学生考试作弊的现象十分普遍,并且作弊方式多样,另监考老师防不胜防。请写一篇以My Opinion on Cheating in Examinations为题的英语短文(100字左右)。
要求:1. 讨论学校存在的考试作弊现象;2. 分析产生这种现象的原因;3. 阐述你对这种现象的看法。
                                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                  
                                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                 
                                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                  
                                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                 
                                                                                
                                                                                  
                                                                                     
                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                  
                                                                                     
                              英语答案
 完形填空1-5:ACBDB;6-10:DABAD;11-15:BACCB;16-20:CABAC
阅读理解题21-25:BACDD; 26-30:BACCA;31-35:ACDDC
三、语法填空
1. that  2. healthiest  3. contains  4. in  5. about  6. of  7. a           8. Westerners  9.teeth  10. illnesses
四、短文改错
One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent(parents). It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on(in) a shop window. He liked it so very(去掉very) much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks(looking) at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where (that 或去掉where) his parents were missing. Tony was scared andbegun (began) to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling (told) him to wait outside a (the) shop. Five minutes later. Tony saw (∧ his)parents. Mom said “ How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible (terribly) worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.
五、书面表达
My Opinion on Cheating in Examinations
It is known to us all that some students cheat in examinations at school.
As students, we often take examinations at school, but sometimes we have too many examinations which are too difficult for us. On the one hand, some students  are lazy and don't work hard at their lessons. So when taking examinations, they sometimes cheat in order to get better results to please their parents and teachers.
In my opinion, it is wrong to cheat in examinations because it breaks the rules of schools. We students should be honest and try to get good results by studying hard instead of cheating in examinations. What's more, we should improve our study methods and get well prepared for examinations.
 














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