欢迎来到高考学习网,

[登录][注册]

免费咨询热线:010-57799777

高考学习网
今日:1530总数:5885151专访:3372会员:401265
当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2016年高考全国1卷英语试题(解析版)

2016年高考全国1卷英语试题(解析版)

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 全国

上传时间:2016/6/13

下载次数:2603次

资料类型:历年高考题

文档大小:778KB

所属点数: 0

普通下载 VIP下载 【下载此资源需要登录并付出 0 点,如何获得点?
绝密★启封前

试卷总评:2016年高考英语新课标I卷试题整体难度与往年大体相同。其中,阅读理解体裁多样,有记叙文、说明文等,侧重考查学生的细节理解能力和推理判断能力,缺少了历年来的应用文阅读。完形填空仍是夹叙夹议文,着重考查实词在语篇中的准确运用,难度适中。语法填空和短文改错涉及到动词,形容词,名词,等常见考点,充分考查了学生对篇章解读以及对语境和语法知识的掌握。书面表达是学生熟悉的书信文体,话题接近学生生活,人人有话可说,有感而发。给考生提供了充分的拓展空间,具有开放性,难度较低。
注意事项:
  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。
  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
  4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 
 做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 
例: How much is the shirt? 
A.£ 19.15 B.£ 9.18 C.£ 9.15 
答案是 C。


1.What are the speakers talking about?
A. Having a birthday party.
B. Doing some exercise. 
C. Getting Lydia a gift  
2.What is the woman going to do?
A. Help the man.
B. Take a bus. 
C. Get a camera  
3.What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Tell Kate to stop.
B. Call Kate, s friends.
C. Stay away from Kate.  
4.Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a wine shop.
B. In a supermarket. 
C. In a restaurant.  
5.What does the woman mean?
A. Keep the window closed.
B. Go out for fresh air. 
C. Turn on the fan.  
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.What is the man going to do this summer?
A. Teach a course.
B. Repair his house. 
C. Work at a hotel.  
7.How will the man use the money?
A. To hire a gardener.
B. To buy books.
C. To pay for a boat trip. 

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Schoolmates.
B. Colleagues.
C. Roommates.  
9.What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?
A. Work as a programmer.
B. Travel around the world. 
C. Start his own business.  
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
	听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题
10.Why does the woman make the call?
A. To book a hotel room. 
B.To ask about the room service
C.To make changes ti a reservation
11.When will the women arrive at the hotel?
A.On September 15
B. On September 16
C. On September 23
12.How much will the woman pay her room per night?
A. $179     B.$199    C. $219
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?
A. Going shopping    B. Going camping   C.G oing boating
14.Where will the woman stay in Keswick?
A. In a country inn   B. In a five-star hotel  C. In her aunt’s home
15.What will Gordon do over the weekend?
A. Visit his friends   B. Watch DVDs  C. Join the woman
16.What does the woman think of Gordon’s coming weekend?
A. Relaxed    B. Boring   C. Busy.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题
17.Who  is Wang Ming?
A.A student     B. An employer  C .An engineer
18.What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?
A. It’s unpredictable  B. It’s quite stable C. It’s not optimistic
19.Whar percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?
A.20%    B. 22%    C. 50%
20.Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?
A. They need more work experience
B. The salary is usually good
C. Their choice is limited.]

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
                              A
  You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson.Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
 Jane Addams(1860-1935)
 Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addans helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
  Rachel Carson(1907-1964)
  If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s  lakes and oceans.
  Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)
  When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952,she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the  U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
  Rosa Parks(1913-2005)
  On December 1,1955,in Montgomery, Alabama,Rasa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgmery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.
21.What is Jane Addams noted for in history?
A. Her social work.
B. Her lack of proper training in law.
C. Her efforts to win a prize.
D. Her community background.
22. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?
A. Her lack of proper training in law.
B. Her little work experience in court.
C. The discrimination against women.
D. The poor financial conditions.
23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?
A. Jane Addams.   B. Rachel Carson.     C. Sandra Day O’Connor. D. Rosa Parks.
24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?
A. They are highly educated.     B. They are truly creative.
C. They are pioneers.           D. They are peace-lovers.
【答案】
21 -24  A C D.C
【解析】
23.D细节理解题。根据末段倒数第二句中and kicked off the civil-rights movement可知,Rosa Parks对民权运动做出了贡献。故选D。
24.C推理判断题。根据文章对这几个人物的介绍可知,这些女性都是在各自的领域为社会做出贡献的先驱。故选C。
考点:考查人物类短文阅读
【技巧点拨 】细节理解题的解题可以先从问题中抓住关键性词语(题眼),然后以此为线索,运用略读及查读的技巧快速在文章中寻找与此问题相关的:段落、语句,仔细品味,对照比较,确定答案。
B
Grandparents Answer a Call
  As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away,. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help their children, she politely refused . Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success, giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.
  No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ‘s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.
  “in the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby, publisher of grate magazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important”” to be near them, especially when you’re raining children.”
	Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.
25. Why was Garza’s move a success?
A.It strengthened her family ties. 
B.It improved her living conditions.
C.It enabled her make more friends.
D.It helped her know more new places.
26.What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?
A.17% expressed their support for it.
B.Few people responded sympathetically.
C.83% believed it had a bad influence.
D.The majority thought it was a trend.
27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?
A.They were unsure of raise more children.
B.They were eager to raise more children.
C.They wanted to live away from their parents.
D.They bad little respect for their grandparent.
28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the lasr paragraph?
   A. Make decisions in the best interests' of their own
   B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them
   C. Sacrifice for their struggling children 
   D. Get to know themselves better
【答案】
25-28. A D C A
26.D细节理解题。根据第二段末句Two thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family可知,很多人会受Marian Robinson的影响,所以这回形成一种潮流。故选D 。
27.C细节理解题。根据第三段首句可知,在60年代人们都希望离开家,以此来证明自己的独立。故选 C。
28.A推理判断题。根据末段推知,作者建议人们要明智不要为了孩子而做出牺牲。故选A 。
考点:社会生活类短文阅读
【技巧点拨】推理判断题属于主观题,是层次较高的题目。此类题要求通过文章中的文字信息,上下文逻辑关系及事物的发展变化等已知的信息,推断出作者暗含的意思。解题关键要注意表明作者观点、立场的动词、名词、形容词和副词等。28题中则根据it is wiser to say no推断出作者的立场。
C
   I am peter Hodes ,a volunteer stem courier. Since  March 2012, I've done 89 trips of those , 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice packs and that's how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time. 
  I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said: “Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you-there are no fights from Washington.” So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said: “In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.” She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small  plane to be held for mere-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.
 For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.
29.Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph17
A provider                        B delivery man 
C collector                       D medical doctor
30.Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42hours?A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.B. The donor can only wait for that long.C. The operation needs that very much.D. The ice won't last any longer.31.Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?A. To London        B. To  Newark  C. To Providence       D. To Washington
【答案】
29-31.B D.B
【解析】
试题分析:本文是一篇记叙文,主要介绍了作者在一次运送造血干细胞途中的一段经历,表现了人们之间的友爱。
29.B词义猜测题。根据本段内容 I’ve done 89 trips和I have 42 hours to carry stem cells in my little box以及第二段内容可知作者是运送干细胞的人,也就是delivery man。故选B 。
【技巧点拨】词义猜测题的答题技巧1.根据定义或上下文解释进行猜测2.根据同位关系进行猜测3.根据构词法(前缀、后缀、复合、派生等)进行猜测4.根据转折或对比关系进行猜测                                             DThe meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a 
person's needs. Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some 
traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and 
suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the 
Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.
Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.
What does the author say about silence in conversations?
It implies anger.
It promotes friendship.
It is culture-specific.
It is content-based.
Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?
The Chinese.
The French.
The Mexicans.
The Russians.
What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?
Let it continue as the patient pleases.
Break it while treating patients.
Evaluate its harm to patients.
Make use of its healing effects.
What may be the best title for the text?
Sound and Silence
What It Means to Be Silent
Silence to Native Americans
Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold
【答案】
32-35.C A D B
33.A  细节理解题。根据第二段中 what may be implied is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing可知中国人认为谈话时人们的沉默是在思考谈话内容。
34.D细节理解题。根据末段末句A nurse who understands the healing value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients 可知,作者建议护士要利用沉默的好处来护理病人。故选D 。
35.B主旨要义题。文章主要介绍了在不同文化背景下谈话期间的沉默的不同含义,由此判断B选项可以概括文章内容。故选B 。
考点:社会生活类短文阅读
第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 
Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.
   People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 36 Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography.
   There are three main types of cryptography. 37 For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”
38 You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.”
   A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 39 For example “bridge“ might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” 40 However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.
A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet. 
【答案】
36.-40 D E G.F A
38.G考查对上下文的理解和判断能力。根据后面的解释内容可以判断这是介绍密码设置的又一种方法,故G选项内容Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.符合语境。
39.F考查对上下文的理解和判断能力。根据后面的举例以及前句中的 a code book可以判断该句是介绍密码书的使用,故判断F选项With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.可以起到承上启下的作用。
40.A考查对上下文的理解和判断能力。根据空后内容的转折可知尽管利用密码书可以破译密码,但是一本密码书也不会使用很久的时间,故判断A选项It is very hard to break a code without the code book.符合语境。
考点:七选五阅读理解
【归纳总结】七选五阅读填空考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解和掌握。1.注重句式对接2. 注重词汇衔接利用上下文所重复的关键词,词的复现。
第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 
                                    A Heroic Driver
  Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was __41__along 165 north after delivering to one of his    42   . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on.    43    he got closer, he found 44    vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed    45    shooting out from under the    46    vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and    47   the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.
The man who had his bright lights on    48    and told Larry he had    49    an emergency call. They    50    heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.    51   the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay    52    until the emergency personnel arrived,    53    she thought the car was going to    54   . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move    55    she injured her neck.
Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man    56    and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the    57    if he was needed or    58    to go. They let him and the other man go.
One thing is    59   —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His    60    most likely saved the woman’s life.
41. A. walking  	B. touring 		C.D.
42. A. passengers 	B. colleagues  	C. employers  	D. customers
43. A. Since   	B. Although  		C. As  			D. If
44. A. each  		B. another 		C. that  			D. his
45. A. flames  	B. smoke 		C. water  		D. steam
46. A. used  		B. disabled  		C. removed  		D. abandoned
47. A. got hold of 	B. prepared 		C. took charge of 	D. controlled
48. A. came down 	B. came through  	C. came in  		D. came over
49. A. returned  	B. received  		C. made  		D. confirmed
50. A. then   		B. again  		C. finally  		D. even
51. A. Starting  	B. Parking 		C. Passing  		D. Approaching
52. A. quiet  		B. still  			C. away  		D. calm
53. A. for  		B. so  			C. and  			D. but
54. A. explode  	B. slip away  		C. fall apart  		D. crash
55. A. as if   		B. unless  		C. in case  		D. after
56. A. stepped forward  B. backed off  C. moved on  	D. set out
57. A. woman   	B. police  		C. man  			D. driver
58. A. forbidden  	B. ready  		C. asked  		D. free
59. A. for certain  	B. for consideration C. reported  		D. checked
60. A. patience   	B. skills  		C. efforts  		D. promise
【答案】
41-45 CDCBA  46-50 BADCA  51-55 DBDAC  56-60 BBDAC
43.C考查连词辨析及语境理解。Since自从,由于;Although 尽管; As “当…时候;If如果;根据语境判断当他走近的时候,他又发现了另一辆汽车。故选C。
44.B考查代词辨析及语境理解。Each 每个;another 另一个; that  那个; his他的;根据前句Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on,可知当时有一辆亮着大灯的车,由此判断他又发现一辆损毁的汽车。
45.A考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据第一段末句the fire was put out可知当时汽车是着火了。Flame火苗;smoke烟;water水;steam蒸汽。故选A。
46.B考查形容词词辨析及语境理解。根据第二段中a women’s voice coming from the wrecked vehicle,可知汽车是毁坏了的,used使用;disabled 残废的;removed被移除了的;abandoned被遗弃的。故选B。
47.A考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据后句可知他下车去灭火。Get hold of拿起;prepare准备;take charge of负责;control控制。故选A。
48.D考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据and told Larry he had _48__ an emergency call可知,那个司机走了过来和Larry说话。Come down下来;Return 归还; receive a call 接到电话;make a call 打电话; confirm确认。 故选C。
50.A考查副词辨析及语境理解。根据语境判断他们听到车内有人发出的声音。Then那时;again再次;finally终于;even甚至。故选A。
51.D考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知汽车着火了,情况很危险,由此推断当时Larry离汽车远,所以他是走近了之后才看到车内的那位女士。Start the car发动汽车;park a car 停放汽车;pass a car路过汽车;approach a car 走近汽车。故选D。
52.B考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据本段末句she should not move可知,Larry让这名女士不要动。Quiet 安静的;still不动的;away远离的;calm沉着的;故选 B。
56.B考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。根据后句内容可以推断他们为了不妨碍警察救人,都退到后面。Stepped forward 迈步向前;backed off退后; moved on 继续前行;set out出发;根据句意选B。
57.B考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据上文Once fire and emergency people arrived可知是救援的警察赶到现场。woman 妇女;police 警察;man 男人; driver司机;故选B。
58.D考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据后句可知警察让他离开了,由此判断Larry询问警察他是否可以离去。Forbidden被禁止的;ready有准备的; asked 被问到的; free自由的。Be free to do sth 自由地做某事。故选D。
59.A考查短语辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知Larry救人的事实是确定无疑的。for certain 确定无疑; for consideration 以供参考;  report报道;check核实;故选A。
60.C考查名词辨析及语境理解。Patience耐心;skill技能;effort努力;promise承诺;根据从上文可知Larry的努力挽救了别人的性命。 故选C。
考点:考查故事类短文阅读
【方法点拨】
解答完形填空的三大策略
词语同现、词语复现和逻辑推理是解答完形填空的三大策略,领会和掌握这三大策略对提高完形填空的解题速度和准确率大有裨益。
1. 词语同现。
词语同现是指意义上相关的词汇出现在同一语篇中,构成了以某一话题为中心的词汇链,也有人称之为语义场。比如They told her to stay    52    until the emergency personnel arrived。
52. A. quiet  		B. still  			C. away  		D. calm
根据后文中she should not move,可以判断选B。
2. 词语复现。
词语复现指某一个词以原词、同根词、同义词、反义词(如wrong, not correct)、上义词、下义词等方式重复出现在语篇中,语篇中的句子通过这种复现关系达到相互衔接。比如: One more look and he noticed    45    shooting out。45. A. flames  	B. smoke 		C. water  		D. steam
根据后句中the fire was put out.判断选A。
3. 逻辑推理。
在做完形填空时许多考生都会有这样的经历,即使他们对选项当中的每个词的意思都非常清楚,但得分不高。因为完形填空考查的是一种综合能力,不但是对词汇的考查,而且对句子间和上下文之间逻辑关系的推断也是完形填空考查的重点。其中逻辑关系主要包括因果关系、转折关系、对比关系、并列关系等。
第 II 卷
第三部分 英语知识运用
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top____61_(attract).
     So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I_____62_(allow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be __63___(official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back ____64__ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, ____65_ I was the first Western TV reporter__66___ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include ____67_(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia. 
     On my recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by _____68_ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few __69__( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, __70____ other is with mum-she never suspects.
【答案】
61. attraction  62.  was allowed   63. officially 64. to    65. when
66. permitted  67. introducing     68. its     69. days    70. the
63. officially考查副词。修饰动词用副词形式。
64. to  考查介词。固定短语:go back to “回到”。
65. when考查定语从句。后面是非限制性定语从句,从句缺少状语,因为先行词是时间,故填when。
66. permitted 考查过去分词。被修饰的名词和permit之间是被动关系,用过去分词。
67. introducing考查动名词。   介词后面应该用动名词形式。
68.  its考查代词。 修饰名词用形容词性的物主代词,故填its。
69. days考查名词复数。Few修饰复数名词。
【归纳总结】修饰复数名词的词和短语包括:many, few, a few, several, a number of, hundreds of等。修饰不可数名词的词和短语包括:much, a little, little , a bit of等。既能修饰复数名词又能修饰不可数名词的词和短语包括:more , such, plenty of, a lot of , lots of, a quantity of, quantities of等。
70. the考查冠词。固定短语:one …the other“一个……另一个”。
考点:语法填空
【归纳总结】
语法填空题的考查范围:动词(时态、语态、主谓一致、非谓语形式)、名词、代词、冠词、介词、数词,连词,固定搭配、情态动词、复合句、形容词和副词的比较级最高级及构词法、倒装、虚拟语气,省略、强调等。
如:63题是考查副词;68题考查代词;69题考查名词复数;70题考查冠词等。
解题策略:1.略读理解—分析填空—连贯检查(语法正确、语意连贯、拼写正确、书写规范、大小写准确)
2. 了解语法、词法、句法、章法和惯用法。
第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35) 
短文改错(10 分) 
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
     增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
     删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that 1 live .Though not very big ,but the restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times .Some people even had to wait outside My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady.
【答案】
1. that →where   2. but去掉    3. had →have  4. honest→ honesty  5. or→ and  
6. using →used   7. becoming前加of   8. the →a  9.  our→ his   10. stead→steadily  
【归纳总结】在英语中though、although、while或者as等引导的让步状语从句不和but连用;连词because不和so连用;此外,return不和back连用。
3. had →have  考查动词时态。 文章是介绍现在的情况,应该用一般现在时。
4. honest→ honesty 考查名词。此处是指诚实是他成功的秘诀,用名词形式。 而形容词honest意思是“诚实的”,是指人的性格特点。  
5. or→ and  考查连词。根据句意判断此处是表示并列关系,故把or改为and。
6. using →used  考查被动语态。根据句意可知此处表示被动含义,be used for“被用来去做”。
7. becoming前加of  考查介词。  固定短语: dream of 梦想做某事。  
78. the →a 考查冠词。 固定短语:in a short time在短时间内。
9. our→ his  考查代词。根据句意可知此处是指叔叔的生意,用his指代。
10. stead→steadily  考查副词。根据句意可知此处grow是实意动词,意思是 “增长”,不是系动词,故用副词修饰。
考点:考查短文改错
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
   假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format)
注意:
     1. 词数100左右;
     2. 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯。
【答案】
Dear Ms Jenkins,
I am Li Hua, I am writing to tell you something about my plan for the coming summer vacation and I also want you to do me a favor.
In order to get some practical experience, I am planning to take a part-time job in a foreign capital company. I have already finished my application and resume. But this is the first time that I have written an application and the personals resume, so I don’t know if there are something to pay attention to. So, I’m writing you the letter, hoping you can give me some help. I will be very grateful if you can do me the favor.
Looking forward to your reply.  And I’d be really thankful.
Yours,
Li Hua

【解析】
【名师点睛】 本文是一篇较为优秀的范文。格式正确,要点全面,语言通顺流畅,很好地完成了写作任务。在本文中开头提出写信的目的,然后具体讲述自己的困难,再提出请求,最后表达自己的感激之情。所以在内容上逻辑性较强。此外,作者还使用了不定式短语In order to get some practical experience,、现在分词短语hoping you can give me some help、宾语从句if there are something to pay attention to等。经典句式this is the first time that I have written an application and the personals resume也是文章的亮点所在。















高考学习网-中国最大高考学习网站Gkxx.com | 我们负责传递知识!


































本网部分资源来源于会员上传,除本网组织的资源外,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯版权,请联系并提供证据(kefu@gkxx.com),三个工作日内删除。

精品专题more

友情链接:初中学习网人民网高考网易高考高中作文网新东方冬令营