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2017届高考英语一轮复习考点专项演练:Section 16 短文改错(全国通用)

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Section 16 短文改错
解题技巧
一、分清错误的类型,对症下药
1.缺词
短文改错中所缺的词常常是冠词、介词、代词等虚词,它通常与词的搭配相关,比如:见in fact,as soon as等,应考虑是否完整;还有某些短语加冠词与不加冠词意义不同,如in front of,in the front of;某些短语加介词与不加介词用法不同,如:as a result,as a result of。高考常考点具体如下表所示:
命题角度	考查点	解题思路		名词	冠词	名词前是否缺冠词		动词	介词或代词	不及物动词后是否缺介词,及物动词后是否缺少代词		不定式	不定式符号to	不定式中是否缺少了不该省略的不定式符号to		被动语态	助动词be	被动语态中是否缺少了助动词be		固定表达	习惯表达法	习惯表达法中是否漏了不可缺少的词		典型例题:
①In the car park there Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry.
答案及分析:
在as后加a。car是可数名词,此处表示“有一辆汽车冲了过来”,表泛指,故要用a。
②For example,how many times have you walked out of a room and left the lights or television when no one else was there?
答案及分析:
在television后面加on。句意:例如,当那里没人的时候,有多少次你让电灯或电视开着就离开了房间?leave...on表示“让
③There was one in particular I’d always wanted.I put into my pocket when he wasn’t looking.
答案及分析:
在put后加it。及物动词put后缺少宾语,代替“我特别想要的那个玩具”要用it。
2.多词
短文改错中多余的词常常是虚词,如冠词、介词、代词、副词、连词等。一种是根据涉及的名词、动词的特点等判断是否多了冠词、介词、副词或其他词;另一种是根据全句的结构和意义,判断是否多了
命题角度	考查点	解题思路		名词	冠词	抽象名词、物质名词、复数名词表泛指是否多了冠词		动词	介词	及物动词后受母语影响是否多了介词		不定式	不定式符号to	不定式是否多了应该省略的不定式符号to		时间或地
点状语	介词	时间或地点状语中是否多用了介词		形容词、
副词	比较结构	形容词、副词比较结构中是否多了more或most		固定表达	习惯表达法	习惯表达中是		典型例题:
①Otherwise,it is impossible for them to help each other and to make their friendship to last long.
答案及分析:
把last前的to去掉。make表示“使,让”,后面接宾语补足语时,用省略to的不定式,构成make sb do sth结构。
②Every one of us can make a great efforts to cut down the use of energy in our country.
答案及分析:
把great前的a去掉或者把efforts改为effort。固定表达make an effort或者make efforts表示“努力”。
③I guessed,even at that age,I would never be able to enjoy to playing with the toy or face my cousin again;I would always know I’d done something wrong.
答案及分析:
把enjoy后的to去掉。固定表达enjoy doing...表示“喜欢做某事”。
3.错词
错词是短文改错题中最主要的错误类型,错词的情况最为复杂,大致可分为虚词选择错误,实词用法错误,同(近)义、形似词选择错误等。但常见的还是搭配错误与语法错误,特别是平时写作时常出的错误最易为命题者所关注,对于平时常常疏忽、易出错的地方要精心改正,做题时更要小心仔细。高考常考点具体见前面的第二部分短文改错错误类型分析。
二、保持
做题时应遵循保持句子原意的原则,即不能随便改变文章或作者所表达的意思,包括其语气和上下文的逻辑关系,只对短文中的用词错误、语法错误、行文逻辑关系错误进行改正,且小改不能大改。换词不能改意,加词不能增意,去词不能减意。如有多种改法,应以保持原意为条件,择其善者而从之。
典型例题:
①The more friends we have,the more we can learn for one another,and the more pleasure we can share together.
答案及分析:
将for改为from。固定表达learn from sb向某人学习,符合语境。也有同学把for改为about,learn about了解……的有关情况,但改变了原意,作者想说的是“相互学习”,而不是“相互了解情况”。
②They finally dropped Gina off at her parents’ and made our own way home.
答案及分析:
将They改为We。根据语篇和后面的our own way和句意可知,这里指的our改为their,但改变了原意,整篇文章叙述用的是第一人称,如果改成their就与语篇的人称不相符。


A
(2016·全国)My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live.Though not very big,but the Restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times.Some People even had to wait outside.My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest.Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking.My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time.Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady.
B
(2016·全国The summer holiday is coming.My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday.We can chose between staying at home and take a trip.If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money.But in that case, we will learn little about world.If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books.Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby.I thought that it is a good idea.It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.
C
(2016·全国Ⅲ)The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me.They were also the best and worse years in my life.At the first,I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself.However,my parents didn’t seem to think such.They always tell me what to do and how to do it.At one time ,I ever felt my parents couldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them.I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes.Now I am leaving home to college.At last,I will be on my own,but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.
D
(2016·四川高考)It is Mother’s Day today.Though it’s a western festival, it’s popular in China now.
Mom has a full-time job,so she has to do most of the houseworks.She is a great mother.Both Dad or I planned to do something on Mother’s Day.We get up early in the morning.Dad cleaned the house,and then went on shopping.When he came back,I found a bunch of flowers in her hand.I asked Mom to stay in the sitting room and I cooked in kitchen.The dishes what I cooked were Mom’s favoritest.At dinner,we said to her,“Happy Mother’s Day!”Mom was grateful and moving.
E
(2016·浙江高考)When I was a very young children,my father created a regular practice I remember well years late.Every time he arrived home at end of the day,we’d greet her at the door.He would ask who we was and pretend not to knowing us.Then he and my mother would have had a drink while she prepared dinner and they would talk about his day and hers.While they chat,my father would lift my sister and me up to sit in the top of the fridge.It was both excited and frightening to be up there!
My sister and I thought he was so cool for putting us there.

A
(2015·全国)When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside.There the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization,the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Much rare animals are dying out.We must found ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so,we’ll live to regret it.
B
(2015·全国Ⅱ)One day,little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent.It was very crowded.Tony saw a toy on a shop window.He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.After looks at the toy for some time,he turned around and found where his parents were missing.Tony was scared and begun to cry.A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop.Five minutes later,Tony saw parents.Mom said,“How nice to see you again!Dad and I were terrible worried.”Tony promised her that this would never happen again.
C
(2015·浙江高考)My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass.I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view.On the left-hand side of the class,I could easy see the football field.In the mornings,it was full of students exercising.The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid.Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them.Farther in the distance,I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains.On the right side of the class was the road.I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning.The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming.If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom,I will never forget it.
D
(2015·陕西高考)My soccer coach retired  in last week.I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party.My mum makes the better biscuits in the world,so I decide to ask her for help.Mum taught me some basic step of baking.I insisted on doing most of the baking myself.I thought the biscuits were really well.My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up.
At a party,my coach,with a biscuit in his mouth,asked surprisingly who made them and joked,“I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.”
My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter!
E
(2015·四川高考)
Hi, Janice,
It’s been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing.
As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here.We hang out together during lunch and after school.We’ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars.It’s been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many.And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity! In fact,I don’t like to go anymore, so I’m afraid I’ll lose their friendship.How do you think I should do? If you are me,would you talk to him?
Please help with me and give me some advice.
Grace
F
(2014·新课标全国Ⅰ)Nearly five years before,and with the help by our father,my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden.Since then- for all these year-we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.As result,the plants are growing somewhere.The fruits are small in size,but juicy and taste.There are so much that we often share them with our neighbors.Although we allow tomato plants to grow in the same place year after year,but we have never had any disease or insect attack problems.We are growing wonderfully  tomatoes at no cost!
G
(2014·新课标全国卷)My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m.and ends at 3:30 p.m.They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon.We didn’t need to do so many homework.Therefore,we have more time with after-school activities.For example,we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day.
My dream school look like a big garden.There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings.We can lie on the grass for a rest,or sat by the lake listening music.The teachers here are kind and helpfully.They are not only our teachers but also our friends.
H
(2014·浙江高考)I was taking a train to London’s Victoria Station.I had noticed that the carriage was noise and filled with people.
Before long,a train inspector comes to check our tickets.A passenger realized he couldn’t find his ticket but became quite upset.Then everyone in the carriage began searching the ticket,which was eventually found under a seat several rows from his owner.The person who found a ticket smiled with pleasure at his success.
No one in the carriage had previous spoken to or even noticed the ticket-owner before.Yet they had so quickly offered the strangers their help.If we could show concern to others on need,the world would be a better place to live in.
I
(2014·四川高考)Hello,boys and girls!Today,I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off.If you hear the alarm,stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside.Stay close to your teacher and classmate.Don’t panic or get out of line,and trying to remain quiet and calmly.Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire.If it’s a false alarm and there is no fire,your teacher will lead us back to the classroom.If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt,tell your teacher immediately.
J
(2014·陕西高考)My father took me out camping for the first time when I was seven.He wanted teach me about animals,insects and trees.My uncles all come along with bows and arrows for hunting.
One evening at sunset,we sat by the fire,have our barbecue.Just then a bird was flying over us.My uncles immediate jumped up and shot their arrows on the bird.Neither of the arrows hit the target.Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky-they were looked like rain!We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured.
That day I didn’t learn much about animals,insects or trees,but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity!
K
(2014·辽宁高考)
Dear Jeremy and Alice,
Although we’ve been delighted to have you as neighbors,we’re hoping to settle something that bothers to us.In a word,your dog-Cleo.
We’ve called several time about Cleo’s early morning barking.It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she’s outside.The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby.Beside,Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day.This morning she starts barking even before 5 o’clock.That is too much for us,considering how closely the houses are.
We appreciate our apologies and goodwill,but we hope that you can figure a good way of settling the matter.
Sincerely,
Jack and Rose

A
(2016·山东日照市高三第一次模拟)
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am writing to express a complaint about the Metropolitan Museum.I am visiting the museum from 2:00 to 5:00 on yesterday afternoon.I would have enjoyed a perfect afternoon unless it had not been for an unfortunate incident.
I was in the Chinese Painting Section with its beautiful display of world famous works while suddenly I was astonished to smell cigarette smoke.I turned back and saw a young man smoke.I looked after an attendant but none.
You will agree that there should an attendant in every room and that the no-smoking rule should be firm carried out.I look forward to receive your reply at your convenient and hope for the solution to the matter.
Yours truly,
Johnson
B
(2016·广东揭阳一中、潮州金山中学高三下第一次联考)It is reported that thirty cellphones taken away by teachers during the examination and were smashed(粉粹) in front of students and parents at a high school.As to this,we hold a heated discussion the other day.There are two different viewpoints about them.
Some think it necessarily.Firstly,with cellphones,students would have focused their attention on studying instead of wasting their precious time reading junk message.Secondly,the examination will be fair if no one cheats by using cellphones.However,the others don’t think so.For one thing,at the age of information,cellphones have become a necessity.For another,students can use cellphones for study.
Personal speaking,even if some students use cellphones for no good reason,we should educate them more than destroy cellphones in such an extreme way.
C
(2016·广西桂林、崇左市高三4月联考)Never shall I forget the first English lesson giving by Miss Liu.One Monday morning,when she entered in the classroom,we found that she was a young and beautiful lady.Then she introduced herself and said I shouldn’t call her Teacher Liu but Miss Liu.Late,she let us go to the blackboard and said something about ourselves in English in turns.When it was my turn,I felt too shy that I didn’t dare to say anything before class.She went up to me and said kind,“Don’t be afraid.I believe you can do it well.” At last,I went to the blackboard.She praised me for that I had done.
D
(2016·宁夏银川九中高三第二次模拟)Trying to come to a decision complete on your own can be risky.Some decisions are very important that they shouldn’t be made without talking to others first.There have several advantages if you consult the persons you trust.For one thing,they can give you valuable advices and they may point out some things you may have been overlooked.For another,friends may stop you make big mistakes.
When consulting others about important decisions,you should keep two things of mind.The first one is that you need to find someone whom you respect enough to trust their judgment.The second thing to consider is how to do if you disagree with this person.Maybe turning to a third or fourth person for help is a good choice.In word,making any big decision alone can lead to problems.Talking to friends or family members first are always a good idea.
E
(2016·云南昆明市两区七校模拟调研考试)Each of us have some bad habits.Once you get into a bad habit,you’ll find it hard to get rid of them.Anyone who has tried to give up smoking knows this very well. Of course,if you develop a better habit,you will benefit a lot on it.Now my 80-years-old grandpa is in the habit of taking walk after dinner.That’s why he is not in good health most of the time,though he caught a cold now and then.I have developed a good habit of keep a diary,so I’m good at writing.Habits,good or bad,make you which you are.The key to success is to form a good habit.
F
(2016·江西赣中南五校高三下第一次联考)I am grateful to my English teacher Susan,at whose help I couldn’t have won first prize in the English Talent Competition for high school student last week.
I used to be poorly in spoken English.I was too shy to speak in class.Since she teaches us last term,she has been encouraging him to overcome fear and speak out in class.Thanks to her,I have made great progresses.Besides,I practiced several times in the front of her.It was her advice which made me a better speaker and full of confidence.And I owe my success to her.
Susan set me a good example.I am determined to become an English teacher when I grow up.
G
(2016·安徽“皖南八校”高三第二次联考)
Good morning,everyone!
I’d like to share a quote with you,which go like this:“Time is said to be money,but it is more—it is life.” It is true that time is great value.After all,anything is more precious than time.In our daily life,we’ve often been told that lose time will never return.To be honest,I am used to spend plenty of time playing computer games,what made me fall far behind my classmates.Have realized how much time I wasted,I’ve made up my minds to work hard to catch up with them.Wasting time is just like wasting part of our lives.Such valuable is time that if you want your dreams to come true,you should make the more of it.
H
(2016·四川成都市高三一诊检测)We are now living in a information age,in which TV,cells and the Web are wide used.It seem that many people cannot enjoy themselves without it.However,if I were to give up one of them,I would rather turn off TV than to switch off my cell or cut off the Internet.I could do without TV because few shows took my fancy and there are too many commercials.Besides,most programs on TV are available elsewhere,either.As for cells and the Web,they are less necessary for me.I need a cell to keep in touch my friend and my family.
I
(2016·山西四校高三第二次联考)It was on Sunday so I didn’t have to go to school as usually.My parents went to the  countryside to see  my grandparents,left me alone.After finishing my homework,I began to play football at home.All of a sudden,I kicked the ball so hardly that it flew right onto a vase and broke it.It was great favorite of my mother’s.I decided to tell my parents it was the fault of the cat for fear that she should punish me.Therefore,when they got home,I hesitated for a moment and told them that truly happened.Instead of punishing me,they just hoped that I will never make so a foolish mistake again.
J
(2016·河北“五个一名校联盟”高三教学质量检测)After school,I was about to enter into my apartment when I saw a little dirty dog lie beside the dustbin.He looked extremely weak.Immediately the homeless dog filled me of sympathy.So I decided to take him home.I gave him some food and a bath.After the bath he looked energy and refreshed.What a lovely dog!
When my parents got home,I asked that I could keep the dog.To my surprised and joy,they agreed.Up to now,he has become member of our family and everyone had enjoyed his company.Looked at the cute and happy dog today,I realize that I was right to help him.I offered him a shelter and he brought ourselves great happiness and laughter.

A
(2015·河北衡水中学一调)Good morning,everyone.It’s great honor for me to speak here.My name’s Li Xiaojun,born in a harmonious family.My father and mother are all high school teachers.Influenced by them,I read widely during my early age,but I’ve developed a great interest in arts and sports.I’m easy-going,get along well with my classmates.
It is this personality which helps me win over all my classmates’ friendships,and also help me overcome many difficulties both in academic and personal life.Being admitted in your university has always been a beautiful dream for me.I dream constantly that I,along with mine classmates,will study happy with the help of the respectable professors.I dream that I will swim freely in the sea,enjoying the waves of knowledge.
I hope all my dream will come true in the near future.Thank you.
B
(2015·河南新乡许昌平顶山二调)
Dear Mr.Green,
I am very exciting to learn that we are going to start a magazine together.It is indeed a wonderful idea and everyone hopes its success.
I would like a magazine to have three columns.News,Teachers’ Advice or Students’ Voice.From the News column we can learn about what was going on in both of our schools.In Teachers’ Advice,our teacher can give us such help that we may not be able to get in the classroom.Students’ Voice will allow us to free express our thoughts and feelings about our lives and studies.
I believe that this magazine will surely strengthen between our ties,and I am looking forward to read it.
 Yours faithfully,
Li Hua
C
(2015·海南三校联考)Nowadays,the computer technology develops very fast that the Internet has become more and more popular.Some students regarded it as a great helper.Because there has a lot of information on line,so you can surf the Internet for any information you need in a short time without working hard in the library.This is also very convenient to talk with others by using the Internet.Moreover,other students think that there is some information on line which is not good for students.In addition,spend too much time playing games will not only have a bad effect on their studies but also do harm for health.Therefore,we should make properly use of the Internet.It is of great important to separate good plants from wild weeds.
D
(2015·山西四校联考二)One day I pushed my cousin Li Dong in wheelchair on an especial narrow sidewalk.We struggled along with one wheel on the sidewalk or the other on the road.Suddenly,a man riding his motorcycle past us rapidly,missing Li Dong by several inch.Immediately,he turned round,stopped his motorcycle and came over.We were worried she would blame us for have stood in his way.To our surprise,he said nothing at all and helped out push the wheelchair until we reached a slightly wider sidewalk.Then he left after we could say thanks to him.We were leaving ashamed of what we thought.
E
(2015·辽宁实验中学分校期中)It’s very kind for you to let me know about your beautiful city.Now I’d like to tell you something about your beautiful hometown.It located on the bank of a river and it is a beautiful place to live in.Its economy has been developing rapid in the past two decades.More schools and hospitals are available to people.Besides,there are some problems,such as water and air pollution and heavy traffics in rush hours.In my opinion,my hometown should develop its economy scientifically.Something must be doing to prevent water and air pollution or the growth of its population should be brought under the control so that we’ll have a better hometown.
F
(2015·河南六市一模)
Dear Sir/Madam,
I’m glad to hear that you will organize an adventure trip.I’m interested on adventure and extreme sports so much.When travelling,we will enjoy ourselves and learn everything from the exploration,which attracts me very much.But I wonder that if the trip will be exciting and relaxing.Personally,I think it’s important that there will an experienced guide in the group,whom will be helpful to us.Beside,how can you make extreme sports like bungee jumping easy accepted and even more attractive?
I hope that all the adventure would be interesting,fascinating but meaningful.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

Section 16 短文改错
【高考真题演练】
1.2016年高考真题
A
1.解析 考查宾语从句的连词用法。由句子结构可知,介词to之后为宾语从句。从句谓语是不及物动词live。故用where引导。
答案 that→where
2.解析 考查从属连词与并列连词。从属连词though不可与并列连词but连用。
答案 去掉but
3.解析 考查语境中的时态运用。根据上下文语境可知此处要用一般现在时。
答案 had→ have
4.解析 考查名词作表语。由句意“他成功的关键是诚信”可知应当用名词形式。
答案 honest→ honesty
5.解析 考查并列连词的用法。根据句意可知二者之间为并列关系而非选择关系。
答案 or→and
6.解析 考查固定短语的用法。be used for“用来做”,为固定短语。
答案 using→used
7.解析 考查短语动词。固定短语dream of/about (doing) sth.的意思是“梦想做某事”。
答案 在dreams之后加上of或about
8.解析 考查代词的用法。in a short period of time为固定词组,意思是“短时间内”。
答案 the→a
9.解析 考查冠词的用法。短文介绍了my uncle诚信经营餐馆的事情,故将our改为his。
答案 our→his
10.解析 考查副词的用法。修饰谓语动词用副词。
答案 steady→steadily
B
1.解析 考查疑问词的用法。我和同学正在谈论假期里做什么。固定表达what to do,如果用how结构为how to do sth.
答案 how→what
2.解析 考查动词形式。根据语法知识可知,情态动词can后要用动词原形。
答案 chose→choose
3.解析 考查非谓语动词的用法。此处为between...and...结构,根据前面的staying at home可知,此处也要用动名词形式,与前面保持一致。
take→taking
4.解析 考查连词的用法。如果呆在家里,感觉舒适,还不花钱。根据句意可知,此处应是并列关系,而不是转折关系。
答案 but→and
5.解析 考查定冠词的用法。此处特指我们所生活的这个世界。
答案 world前加the
6.解析 考查形we可知,此处要用our,表示“我们能够开阔我们的视野”。
答案 your→our
7.解析 考查不可数名词的用法。knowledge为不可数名词,没有复数形式。
答案 knowledges→knowledge
8.解析 考查虚拟语气。suggest表示“建议”,后面的宾语从句要用should do形式,should可以省略,故答案有两种改法。
答案 去掉can或can→should
9.解析 考查一般现在时的用法。我认为这是一个好主意。根据上下文可知,此处并不是过去的看法,而是现在的看法。
答案 thought→think
10.解析 考查代词的用法。这样不会花很多钱。cost much花费很多。此处也可理解为much money的省略。
答案 many→much
C
【语篇导读】 本文主要讲述了青少与父母之间的关系。
1.解析 此处指13~19 岁的年龄,故用复数。
答案 year→years
2.解析 与前面的best并列,此处应用最高级。
答案 worse→worst
3.解析 at first 固定短语。
答案 去掉the
4.解析 根据句意,此处指“我自己”。
答案 yourself→myself
5.解析 so 指已经提到的事。
答案 such→so
6.解析 此处应用过去时态。
答案 tell→told
7.解析 此处应用形容词作表语。
答案 freely→free
8.解析 此处用动名词作介词的宾语。
答案 wear→wearing
9.解析 固定搭配 leave for 去…
答案 to→for
10.解析 whenever引导状语从句,从句缺少主语I。
答案 whenever后加I
D
1.解析 前后句之间为转折关系。
答案 so→but
2.解析 housework是不可数名词。
答案 houseworks→housework
3.解析 both...and是固定搭配。
答案 or →and
4.解析 这里说的是发生在过去的事情,因此用一般过去时。
答案 get→got
5.解析 go shopping去买东西。
答案 on
6.解析 爸爸去购物,从句主语是he,因此物主代词形式用his。
答案 her→his
7.解析 上文虽未提及kitchen,但听话者一定知其所指,因此,kitchen前加定冠词。
答案 kitchen前加the
8.解析 引导定语从句,并在从句中作宾语,指物,用关系代词that/which,也可省略。
答案 what→which/that或去掉what
9.解析 favorite 为无等级形容词。
答案 favoritiest→favorite
10.解析 moving多用来修饰事物,moved用来指人。
答案 moving→moved
E
1.解析 因为前面有不定冠词a,所以这里用单数。故children改成child。
答案 children→child
2.解析 late是形容词“迟的”,或副词“迟地”,但是“一段时间后面应该接later”,表示“……时间以后”。故late改成later。
答案 late→later
3.解析 at the end of 为固定搭配。
答案 at后面加the
4.解析 根据上文可知我们每天在门口迎接爸爸。用him指代my father,作greet的宾语。故her改成him。
答案 her→him
5.解析 这句话的主语是we,谓语用复数,而且这篇文章是作者回忆小时候的事情,用一般过去时。故was改成were。
答案 was→were
6.解析 pretend后面接不定式作宾语,这里是否定式pretend not to do。故knowing改成know。
答案 knowing→know
7.解析 would do 表示“过去常常做”。
答案 去掉had
8.解析 根据主句内容my father would lift my sister 可知while引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时。故chat改成chatted。
答案 chat→chatted
9.解析 on the top of...为固定搭配,意为“在……顶部”。故in改成on。
答案 in→on
10.解析 这句话的主语是形式主语it,真正的主语是to be up there,主语是物的时候,表语应该用现在分词形式的形容词。故excited改成exciting。
答案 excited→exciting
2.经典高考真题
A
1.解析 考查动词的时态。根据前面一句可知,这是发生在小时候的事情,故用一般过去时态。
答案 think→thought
2.解析 考查冠词的用法。in the countryside (在乡村)为固定短语。
答案 countryside前加the
3.解析 考查并列词的用法。那儿的空气洁净,群山葱绿。由句意可知两个分句之间显然为并列关系,而非选择关系。
答案 or→and
4.解析 考查介词的用法。with the development of...为一固定短语,意思是“随着……的发展”。
答案 on→with
5.解析 考查被动语态的用法。众多研究表明,全球变暖已经成为一个十分严重的问题。由句意可知,studies和谓语show之间为主动关系,故要用主动语态。
答案 去掉been
6.解析 考查形容词的用法。修饰名词problem应当用形容词。
答案 seriously→serious
7.解析 考查不可数名词的用法。air作“空气”讲时为不可数名词。
答案 airs→air
8.解析 考查代词的用法。Animals为可数名词复数,故用many。
答案 Much→Many
9.解析 考查情态动词的用法。情态动词后面要接动词原形。
答案 found→find
10.解析 考查语境中代词的用法。依据前后句的语境及逻辑关系可知your与上下文相悖,结合句意应当改为our/the才能使句意通顺。
答案 your→our
B
1.解析 考查名词复数。由第五句中的“his parents were missing.”可知此处应当用复数形式。
答案 parent→parents
2.解析 考查介词的用法。玩具是摆放在商店的橱窗里面的,故用介词in。
答案 on→in
3.解析 考查固定句型的用法。由语境可知,托尼非常喜欢这个玩具,于是快速走进商店。so...that...为固定句型,意思是“如very。
答案 去掉very
4.解析 考查省略的用法。After之后省去了主语he,he与look at之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故应当用现在分词。
答案 looks→looking
5.解析 考查宾语从句连接词的用法。动词found之后为宾语从句,从句为系表结构,意思完整,故将where去掉或改为没有词义且不作that。
答案 去掉where或where→that
6.解析 考查并列谓语的用法。由句子结构可知,begin与was scared并列,因此,要用一般过去时。
答案 begun→began
7.解析 考查并列谓语的用法。有一位妇女看到他哭泣就告诉他去商店外面等。由句意可知,tell这一动作是这个妇女发出的,应当与saw构成并列谓语。故told。
答案 telling→told
8.解析 考查冠词的用法。表示谈话双方共知的名词前要用定冠词。
答案 a→the
9.解析 考查物主代词的用法。根据句意及英语表达习惯,应当在parents前加上与主语相一致的物主代词。
答案 saw后加his
10.解析 考查副词的用法。形容词worried之前要用副词来修饰。
答案 terrible→terribly
C
1.解析 考查名词的复数形式。前面有three修饰,故要用复数形式。
答案 side→sides
2.解析 考查固定表达。be made of是指不经过加工,能直接看出原材料;be made from是指经过加工,不能直接看出原料。
答案 from→of
3.解析 考查非谓语动词。动词enjoy后要接动名词作宾语。
答案 sit→sitting
4.解析 考查形容词和副词的错用。修饰动词see要有副词形式。
答案 easy→easily
5.解析 考查动词的时态。本文描述的是作者原来的旧教室,故要时态保持一致,用一般过去时。
答案 is→was
6.解析 考查代词的错用。代替前面的单数a beautiful park要用it。
答案 them→it
7.解析 考查逻辑关系。在更远处,我可以欣赏雪山的美景。
答案 not去掉
8.解析 考查固定表达。in a hurry匆匆忙忙。
答案 in后加a
9.解析 考查非谓语动词。make sb do...使某人做某事。
答案 felt→feel
10.解析 考查状语从句引导词。尽管在那座教室学习时我是唯一的一个孩子,但我将永远忘不了它。
答案 If→Although/Though
D
1.解析 last week上个星期,前面无需加冠词。
答案 去掉in
2.解析 something用在肯定句中,表示“一些事”,anything“任何事”。
答案 anything→something
3.解析 我best)。
答案 better→best
4.解析 全文的时态都是一般过去时,故把decide改为decided。
答案 decide→decided
5.解析 根据前面的some,step应该是复数形式。
答案 step→steps
6.解析 作表语的是形容词good,well是副词,作状语。
答案 well→good
7.解析 我唯一所犯的错误就是当我包装饼干的时候,掉在地上一些。when/while当……的时候,after 在……之后。
答案 after→when/while
8.解析 此处表特指,at the party 在晚
答案 a→the
9.解析 动词不定式表示目的,我也许得再退休一次,能吃到更多的饼干。
答案 just后加to
10.解析 and连接两个并列的(动)名词,enjoy是动词,所以改成enjoying。
答案 enjoy→enjoying
E
1.解析 考查动词want的用法,want后用不定式作状语,故加上to。
答案 want后加to
2.解析 考查时态。根据时间状语last time可知,此句需用一般过去时,故把tell改成told。句意:正如我上次告诉你的那样。
答案 tell→told
3.解析 考查名词的复数。名词friend为可three修饰,需要用复数形式,故把friend改成friends。句意:我在这儿交了三个新朋友。
答案 friend→friends
4.解析 考查动名词作宾语。本句考查句型spend...(in)doing sth结构,故把sing改成singing。
答案 sing→singing
5.解析 考查代词。根据句much而非many。句意:那真的花费很多。
答案 many→much
6.解析 考查连词。上一分句句意:我不想再去;下一分句句意:我怕失去他们的友谊,两个分句之间有转折关系,故把so改成but。
答案 so→but
7.解析 考查疑问词的选择。本句中do之后缺少宾语,故用what。
How→What
8.解析 考查虚拟语气。根据句意可知,此处为虚拟语气,与现在事实不符,故把are改成were。句意:如果你是我,……。
答案 are→were
9.解析 考查代词。根据上文可知,作者交了三个朋友,故用them。句意:你会和他们说吗?
答案 him→them
10.解析 考查动词。动词help为及物动词,其后接宾语时无需加介词,故去掉with。句意:请帮帮我,给我一些建议。
答案 去掉with
F
1.解析 ago常与一般过去时连用;before常与完成时连用,这里谓语是planted,用的是过去式,故用ago。
答案 before→ago
2.解析 with the help of...在……的帮助下。
答案 by→of
3.解析 由前面all these可知应用year的复数形式。
答案 year→years
4.解析 根据时间状语“since then”可知,主句应为现在完成时,所以把had变为have。
答案 had→have
5.解析 as a result为固定搭配,译为“结果”。
答案 as后加a
6.解析 因为种子落在哪里就在哪里生根发芽,所以这种植物长得到处都是。everywhere到处;somewhere某处。
答案 somewhere→everywhere
7.解析 are后面应用形容词,and连juicy和tasty。
答案 taste→tasty
8.解析 根据谓语are可知后面应用修饰可数名词的many,而much修饰不可数名词。
答案 much→many
9.解析 although引导让步状语从句,不可与but连用,但可以与yet连用。
答案 but去掉或改为yet
10.解析 因tomatoes为名词应用形容词修饰,所以把副词改为形容词。
答案 wonderfully→wonderful
G
1.解析 考查固定句型。There be句型,表示“有”。故把They改为There。
答案 They→There
2.解析 考查didn’t改为don’t。
答案 didn’t→don’t
3.解析 homework是不可数名词,故用much修饰。
答案 many→much
4.解析 考查介词词义辨析。此处句意是“为课外活动留出更多时间”。
答案 with→for
5.解析 考查名词单复数。one and a half hours为一个半小时。
答案 hour→hours
6.解析 考查主谓一致。school为单数名词,故谓语用looks。
答案 look→looks
7.解析 There be句型中的名词是泛指概念,故去掉the。
答案 去掉the
8.解析 考查动词时态。根据前句内容可知此处是接情态动词can,故用动词原形。
答案 sat→sit
9.解析 考查固定短语。listen to“听……”。
答案 listening后面加to
10.解析 此处and连接并列的两个形容词kind和helpful。
答案helpfully→helpful
H
1.解析 考查时态一致。文章主体时态为一般过去时。
答案 去掉had
2.解析 考查词性。be动词后应用形容词,noise为名词。
答案 noise→noisy
3.解析 考查时态,before long后用一般过去时。
答案 comes→came
4.解析 考查句子关系。一位乘客意识到他的票不见了,他开始不安起来。应为承接关系,而非转折关系。
答案 but→and
5.解析 考查固定搭配。search for=look for寻找。
答案 searching后加for
6.解析 考查代词指代。此处是票的主人用its或主人the owner。
答案 his→its/the
7.解析 考查冠词。上文提到过用the表特指。
答案 a→the
8.解析 考查形容词、副词用法。修饰动词的应为副词,previous是形容词。
答案 previous→previously
9.解析 考查前后一致。从上文看,丢票的是一个人,故应用单数。
答案 strangers→stranger
10.on→in
I
【语篇导读】 这是一篇实用文体,向读者介绍遇到火警时的正确做法。
1.解析 talk with后面常跟指人的词,意思是“同某人交谈”。talk about意为“谈论”。
答案 with→about
2.解析 表达客观事实通常使用一般现在时态。a fire alarm为单数名词,故谓语动词应当用单数第三人称形式。
答案 go→goes
3.解析 wait为不及物动词,后跟宾语时要加上介词for。
答案 在wait之后加上for
4.解析 classmate为可数名词,此处应当用复数形式。
答案 classmate→classmates
5.解析 根据and一词可知本句与前面的祈使句并列,所以应当用动词原形。
答案 trying→try
6.解析 由并列连词and可知本词与quiet都作系动词remain的表语。故词性应与quiet一致。
答案 calmly→calm
7.解析 前文已提到火灾,这里特指那场火。
答案 a→the
8.解析 根据短文意思可知这是老师告诉同学们的一些注意事项。用的均是第二人称。
答案 us→you
9.解析 宾语从句中使用了两个连接词,根据句意“如果你们注意到有人失踪或受伤……”可知when是多余的。
答案 去掉when
10.解析 如果某人失踪了,就无法判断他受伤与否。这两个词之间是选择关系,故用or。
答案 and→or
J
1.解析 考查非谓语动词。want to do sth想要做某事,为固定搭配。
答案 He wanted后加to
2.解析 考查动词时态。本文的主体时态为一般过去时。
答案 come→came
3.解析 考查非谓语动词。一个句子只能有一个谓语动词,因此此处应为非谓语动词作伴随状语。
答案 have→having
4.解析 考查形容词副词修饰关系。副词修饰后面的动词jumped up。
答案 immediate→immediately
5.解析 考查介词的使用。shoot at...朝……射击。下文的Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky.也给本句提供了答案。
答案 on→at
6.解析 考查不定代词。根据前文的arrows一词可以看出,此处不是只有两只箭,因此把Neither改为None,表示三支以上。
答案 Neither→None
7.解析 考查主谓一致。主语为复数形式arrows,谓语动词应用复数。
答案 was→were
8.解析 考查语态。look作为系动词,无需用被动语态。
答案 去掉were
9.解析 考查连词。根据句意:我们跑开了,幸运的是,没有人受伤。可以看出,此处为承接关系,并非转折关系。
答案 but→and
10.解析 考查冠词的使用。后面的impressive一词第一个读音为元音,因此用an。
答案 a→an
K
1.解析 bother为及物动词,无需加to。
答案 去掉to
2.解析 当“次数”讲时,time为可数名词。
答案 time→times
3.解析 动词不定式符号to后跟动词原形。
答案 understanding→understand
4.解析 主谓一致问题。主语为单数,谓语动词用单数形式。
答案 have→has
5.解析 besides除此之外,连词。beside在……一边,介词。
答案 Beside→Besides
6.a→an
7.解析 考查时态。今天早晨的事情自然用一般过去时。
答案 starts→started
8.解析 考查形容词close和closely的区别,房子距离近用close,具体意义;closely表抽象意义。
答案 closely→close
9.解析 考查人称代词。我们感激你的歉意,后句的you给本题提供了答案。
答案 our→your
10.解析 考查固定搭配。figure out找出。
答案 figure后加out
【模拟试题精练】
1.2016年模拟试题
A
1.解析 考查动词时态。由于文章所叙述的是过去的事情,故动词要用过去式。
答案 am→was
2.解析 考查介词。在英语的表达中,yesterday afternoon等表示时间的短语前不需要用介词。
答案 去掉yesterday前的on
3.解析 考查连词。根据对上下文的理解,可知本句的意思是:要不是那种不愉快的事件,我会很享受这个下午的。因此,这是一个虚拟句,要用if引导。
答案 unless→if
4.解析 考查连词。根据句意,可知这是一个短暂性动作,故用when。
答案 while→when
5.解析 考查非谓语动词。根据本句的意思,可知要用see sb do sth,意思是“看到某人正在做某事”。
答案 smoke→smoking
6.解析 考查介词look for 是固定搭配,意思是“寻找”,look after是“照顾”,根据句意,要用look for。
答案 after→for 
7.解析 考查虚拟语气。由于本句中没有谓语动词,根据句意,要在should后加动词be。
答案 在should后面加be
8.解析 考查副词。根据句意,可知此处要用副词来修饰其后carried out。
答案 firm→firmly
9.解析 考查非谓语动词。在英语中,look forward to doing sth是固定搭配,意思是“期望做某事”。
答案 receive→receiving
10.解析 考查名词。at one’s convenience是固定搭配,意思是“在某人方便的时候”
答案 convenient→convenience
B
1.解析 考查动词语态。cellphones和take away之间是被动关系,再根据后面的were,可知此处用一般过去时态的被动语态。故在cellphones 和 taken之间加were。
答案 taken之前加were
2.解析 考查动词时态。the other day几天前,可知用一般过去时态,故把hold改为held。
答案 hold→held
3.解析 考查代词。句意:关于这件事有两个不同的观点,故把them改为it。
答案 them→it
4.解析 考查形容词。句意:一些人认为是必要的。形容词在这里作宾语补足语,故把necessarily改necessary。
答案 necessarily→necessary
5.解析 考查虚拟语气。“没有手机,学生将会集中精力在学习上”。故把with改为without。
答案 with→without
6.解析 考查名词。message是可数名词,“阅读垃圾信息”,故把message改为 messages。
答案 message→messages
7.解析 考查代词。some...,others...一些……,另一些……。故去掉the。
答案 去掉the
8.解析 考查固定搭配。in the age of...,在……时代。故把at改为in。
答案 at→in
9.解析 考查副词。独立主格结构,副词修饰现在分词,故把Personal改为Personally。
答案 Personal→Personally
10.解析 考查固定搭配。句意:我们应该教育他们而不是毁掉他们的手机。rather than而不是,故把more改为rather。
答案 more→rather
C
1.解析 考查分词的用法。在English lesson后面作定语,中间省略了“which is”。
答案 giving→given
2.解析 考查动词的用法。和“classroom”搭配时enter后面可以不加介词,用作及物动词。
答案 去掉in
3.解析 考查行文逻辑中人称代词的用法。与上文的“we”保
答案 I→we
4.解析 考查副词比较级的用法。形容词不能放在句首,副词可以。
答案 late→later
5.解析 考查动词短语的用法。let somebody do something让某人做某事。
答案 said→say
6.解析考查固定搭配的用法区别。in turn“轮流,一个个地”,是固定短语。
答案  turns→turn
7.解析 考查固定句式。so...that...太……以至于……。
答案 too→so
8.解析 考查冠词的用法。the class指代的是“全班同学”。
答案 beforethe
9.解析 考查副词的用法。said 为动词,后面应接修饰它的副词,所以应为kindly“友善地”。
答案 kind→kindly
10.解析 考查关系词的用法区别。此处缺少“I had done”的谓语成分,所以应填what。
答案 that→what
D
1.解析 此处修饰谓语动词,所以用副词形式。
答案 complete→completely
2.解析 so...that...句式,表示“如此……以至于……”。
答案 very→so
3.解析 there be句型表示“某地有某物/某人”。
答案 have→are
4.解析 advice为不可数名词,没有复数形式。
答案 advices →advice
5.解析 句意:他们可能会指出你所忽视的东西。由句意及句子结构可知是主动意义,不可用被动语态。
答案 去掉been
6.解析 stop sb doing sth阻止某人做某事。
答案 make→making
7.解析 keep sth in mind为固定句式,意为“牢记某事”。
答案 of→in
8.解析 本句为一个表语从句,从句中缺少宾语,故应当用what。
答案 how→what
9.解析 in a word为固定搭配,意思是“简而言之”。
答案 word前加a
10.解析 talking to friends or family members first为现在分词做主语,谓语动词应当用单数。
答案 are→is
E
1.解析 考查主谓一致。由句子主语Each of us可知,此处谓语应用单
答案 have→has
2.解析 考查代词。此处代指a bad habit,故用it。
答案 them→it
  3.解析 考查形容词。根据语境可知,此处并没有表示比较的含义,故用形容词原级。
答案 better→good
4.解析 考查介词。benefit from意为“得益于”,为固定搭配,故用介词from。
答案 on→from
5.解析 考查形容词。当用连字符连接起来的词作形容词使用时,复数名词应改为单数形式。
答案 80-years-old→80-year-old
6.解析 考查冠词。take a walk意为“散步”,为固定搭配a。
答案 taking后加a
7.解析 考查逻辑关系。根据though的提示可知,前后表示逻辑上的转折关系,由此可知爷爷身体很好,故把not去掉。
答案 删除not
8.解析 考查动词时态和主谓一致。根据时间状语now and then可知,此处表示一种常态,故用一般现在时;主语为he,故谓语动词应用单数形式catches。
答案 caught→catches
9.解析 考查动名词。介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,故用动名词keeping作介词of的宾语。
答案 keep→keeping
10.解析 考查名词性从句。who或what引导宾语从句,在从句中作are的表语,符合语境。which表示有所选择,意为“哪一个”,不符合语
答案 which→who/what
F
1.解析 考查介词。句意应为“没有老师的帮助我不会赢得一等奖”,故用介词without。
答案 at→without
2.解析 考查名词。高中学生应用名词复数students。
答案 student→students
3.解析 考查非谓语动词。speak与English为动宾关系,故用过去分词作定语。
答案 speaking→spoken
4.解析 考查动词时态。根据时间状语last term知应用一般过去时。
答案 teaches→taught 
5.解析 考查代词。根据语境知
答案 him→me
6.解析 考查名词。progress为不可数名词,无复数形式。
答案 progresses→progress
7.解析 考查冠词。in the front of意为“在……的前部”,而in  front of意为“在……的前面”。
答案 去 the
8.解析 考查强调句型。该句为强调句型,强调句子的主语。
答案 which→that
9.解析 考查连词。前后句为因果关系,故用连词so。
答案 And→So
10.解析 考查动词时态。Susan给我树立了一个好的榜样,指的是对现在造成的影响,故用现在完成时。
答案 Susan后加has
G
1.解析 考查动词形式。定语从句的主语which代替的是a quote,所以谓语动词用单数。
答案 go→goes
2.解析 考查介词。of great value= very valuable,介词短语作表语。
答案 great前加of
3.解析 考查代词。由常识知,时间才是最珍贵的,此处是比较级句式表示最高级的意思。
答案 anything→nothing
4.解析 考查非谓语动词。过去分词作定语,lost time 失去的时间。
答案 lose→lost
5.解析 考查助动词。此处表示过used to。
答案 去掉am
6.解析 考查定语从句。先行词为playing computer games,所以引导非限制性定语从句的引导词用which。what是不能引导定语从句。
答案 what→which
7.解析 考查非谓语动词。realize这个动作发生在make up my mind之前,故用现在分词的完成式作状语。
答案 Have→Having
8.解析 考查名词单复数。短语change one’s mind中mind随主语的单复数变化而变化,I 是单数,所以用mind。
答案 minds→mind
9.解析 考查副词。修饰形容词valuable,应用副词,故用so。
答案 Such→So
10.解析 考查固定短语。make the most/best of充分利用。
答案 more→most/best
H
1.解析 考查冠词。age意为“时代”,且被名词修饰,表示一个具体的或特指的概念,故用不定冠词或定冠词修饰。因为information的读音以元音音素开头,因此用不定冠词an。
答案 a→the/an
2.解析 考查副词。修饰动词应用副词,故用widely作状语。
答案 wide→widely
3.解析 考查时态和主谓一致。与主语It呼应,且与上句语境now呼应,故用一般现在时的单数形式,即seems。
答案 seem→seems
4.解析 考查代词。此处代指上文提到的TV、cells和the Web,是复数概念,故用them。
答案 it→them
5.解析 考查固定搭配。would rather do...than do...意为“宁愿做……而不愿做……”,为固定搭配,故用动词原形形式。
答案 删除to
6.解析 考查动词时and there are可知,此处应用一般现在时,且由主语shows可知,应用take。
答案 took→take
7.解析 考查副词。too表示“也”,用于肯定句,而either则用于否定句。根据语境可知,此处应用too。
答案 either→too
8.解析 考查语境。由下文的“I need a cell to keep in touch”可知,网络和手机对作者来讲更为需要,故此处用more。
答案 less→more
9.解析 考查介词。keep in touch with sb 意为“与某人保持联系”,为固定搭配,故用介词with。
答案 touch后加with
10.解析 考查名词的数。friend是可数名词,根据语境可friends。
答案 friend→friends
I
1.解析 考查介词。本处意为“那是星期天”,无需加介词。
答案 删除on
2.解析 考查固定短语。as usual“像往常一样”,是固定短语。
答案 usually→usual
3.解析 考查非谓语动词。父母去乡下看爷爷奶奶了,留下我一个人。分析句子结构并根据句意可知,此处为现在分词作结果状语。
答案 left→leaving
4.解析 考查副词。“踢球用力”应用副词hard;hardly意为“几乎不”。
答案 hardly→hard
5.解析 考查冠词。本处泛指“一个最喜爱的东西”,应用不定冠词;great的读音以辅音音素开头,故用a。
答案 great前加a
6.解析 考查代词。本处代指“我父母”,应用they。
答案 she→they
7.解析 考查副词。本处与上文形成转折:然而,父母到家后,我犹豫了片刻还是告诉了他们实情。故用However。
答案 Therefore→However
8.解析 考查宾语从句。分析句子结构可知,宾语从句中缺少主语,应用what。
答案 that→what
9.解析 考查时态。主句为一般过去时,宾语从句也应用一般过去时,故将will改为would。
答案 will→would
10.解析 考查固定用法。根据“a foolish mistake”可知,应将so改为such,so后一般接形容词。 
答案 so→such
J
1.解析 考查介词。enter 表示进入某个具体处所时,不需要加介词;enter into后多跟抽象名词,表示进入某种状态。
答案 删除into
2.解析 考查非谓语动词。see sb doing sth 意为“看到某人正在做某事”,符合语境,故用现在分词作宾语补足语。
答案 lie→lying
3.解析 考查介词。fill...with...意为“用……充满……”,为固定搭配,故用介词with。
答案 of→with
4.解析 考查形容词。look是系动energetic。
答案 energy→energetic
5.解析 考查连词。根据语境可推知,作者当时是要征询父母的意见,表示是否,故用if或whether引导宾语从句。
答案 that→if/whether
6.解析 考查名词。根据and joy和my可知,此处应用名词形式。
答案 surprised→surprise
7.解析 考查冠词。a member of...表示“……中的一员”。
答案 become后加a
8.解析 考查动词时态和主谓一致。根据and前的has become可知,此处应用现在完成时,且与主语everyone保持数的一致性,故用has。
答案 had→has
9.解析 考查非谓语动词。look和句子谓语realize之间没有连词,故用非谓语动词,且look和句子主语I构成逻辑上的主谓关系,故用现在分词作伴随状语。
答案 Looked→Looking
10.解析 考查代词。此处为固定搭配bring sb sth ,此处的sb 应用代词的宾格形式,即us。
答案 ourselves→us
2.经典模拟试题
A
1.解析 考查抽象名词具体化。honor此处用作可数名词。
答案 It’s ∧a
2.解析 考查不定代词的用法。爸爸和妈妈,是两个人。both两者都;all 三者或以上都。
答案 all→both或去掉all
3.解析 考查行文间的逻辑关系。根据意思,两个分句之间是并列关系。
答案 but→and
4.解析 考查非谓语动词或动词的用法。前面是系表结构,故get应当为非谓语形式getting,也可理解为并列谓语,故也可添加and。
答案 get→getting/and get
5.解析 考查强调句型。这里是强调结构,强调主语this personality。
答案 which→that
6.解析 考查主谓一致。根据并列连词and可知此空与前面的谓语动词helps应当一致。
答案 help→helps
7.解析 考查固定短语中的介词。“被……接纳或录取”通常译为be admitted to。
答案 in→to
8.解析 考查名词性物主代词与形容词性物主代词的用法。名词前应当使用形容词性物主代词。
答案 mine→my
9.解析 考查形容词与副词的转换。副词作状语,修饰动词study。
答案 happy→happily
10.解析 考查语境中名词的用法。dream为可数名词,限定词all之后的可数名词要用复数形式。
答案 dream→dreams
B
1.解析 考查形容词。我感到非常高兴。excited感到高兴的。  
答案 exciting → excited
2.解析 考查介词。 hope for希望,希望得到。动词hope后接不定式或that从句,不可直接接名词作宾语。  
答案 hopes后加for
3.解析 考查冠词。我想要这个杂志有三个栏目。前面...start a magazine已经提到magazine,故第二次出现要用定冠词。  
答案 a → the
4.解析 考查连词。新闻、老师的建议和学生之声。这里是对三个栏目的详细说明,所以要用and连接。  
答案 or → and
5.解析 考查时态。从新闻栏目我们可以了解到我们学校正在发生的事情。根据句意可知要用现在进行时。  
答案 was → is
6.解析 考查名词。我们的老师能够给我们提供帮助。表示“我们的老师”要用复数形式。  
答案 teacher → teachers
7.解析 考查定语从句。老师能够给我们提供在教室里得不到的帮助。such...as...象……这样的……。根据句子结构可知,动词get缺少宾语,由此可判断出此处是定语从句,而不是结果状语从句。  
答案 that → as
8.解析 考查副词。自由地表达我们的想法和情感。修饰动词express要用副词freely。  
答案 free → freely
9.解析 这本杂志将会加强我们的联系。our ties作动词strengthen的宾语,between多余。  
答案 去掉between  
10.解析 考查非谓语动词。固定表达look forward to中的to为介词,后接名词或动名词。  
答案 read → reading
C
1.解析 考查固定句型。so...that...如此……以至于……。
very→so
2.解析 考查时态。根据第一句话nowadays可知要用一般现在时。
答案 regarded→regard
3.解析 考查固定句型。there be...表示有……。
答案 has→is
4.解析 考查连词。在英语中“有because不可再用so”。
答案 去掉so
5.解析 考查代词。it is convenient to do...做某事很方便。it做形式主语。
答案 This→It
6.解析 考查副词。然而,一些学生认为网上有些不好的信息,与第二行提到Some students regarded it as a great helper表示对比,故用however。moreover再者,此外,
答案 Moreover→However
7.解析 考查动名词作主语。玩游戏花费过多的时间不仅仅影响学习还有害健康。
答案 spend→spending
8.解析 考查固定短语。do harm to 对……有害。
答案 for→to
9.解析 考make use of 利用,use是名词,故用形容词来修饰。
答案 properly→proper
10.解析 考查名词。be of importance =be important 重要。因前有形容词great所以不可去掉介词of。
答案 important→importance
D
1.解析 考查冠词。wheelchair为可数名词,此处泛指坐在轮椅上,用in a wheelchair。 
答案 in后加a
2.解析 考查副词。修饰形容词narrow要用副词形式。 
答案 especial →especially
3.解析 考查连词。根据语境可知,此处表示“一个……和另一个……”,不是or选择关系。  
答or→ and
4.解析 考查动词。此处应该用谓语动词,因为主语是a man riding his motorcycle一个骑摩托车的人,从整篇短文来看,又是叙述已经过去的故事,故用过去时passed。past adj.以前的,过去的prep.从……旁边过去n.过去,昔时,往事。
答案 past→ passed
5.解析 考查名词。several 后接复数名词。  
答案 inch→ inches
6.解析 考查代词。根据上文a man riding his motorcycle中可知指代man。  
答案 she →he
7.解析 考查非谓语动词。介词for后面应该用名词或动名词。  
答案 have→ having
8.解析 考查动词。help (to) do sth,帮助做某事,故去掉help后面的out。help out帮助,帮助……出来,后面接名词、代词作宾语,不接不定式结构。  
答案 去掉help后面的out
9.解析 考查连词。从上下文可知,这里应该是“我们还没来得及说声感谢,他就离开了”。  
答案 after→ before
10.解析 考查动词。给我们留下了羞愧。leave在这里表示“使处于某种状态”,构成leave sb+adj.复合结构,主语we与动词leave之间为动宾关系,所以要用被动形式。
答案 leaving → left
E
1.解析 考查介词。It is kind of sb to do sth某人做某事真是太好了。
答案 for→of
2解析 考查代词。根据Now I’d like to可知要介绍的是“我”家乡的情况。
答案 your→my
3.解析 考查固定表达。be located in/on 坐落于……。本文用的是一般现在时,根据主谓一致原则在located前加is。
答案 located前加is
4.解析 考查副词。修饰动词develop应该用副词形式。
答案 rapid→rapidly
5.解析 考查介词。更多学校和医院可以让人们使用。be available for有效;对……有用。
答案 to→for
6.解析 考查副词。根据前后句内容可知此处是表示转折关系。
答案 Besides→However
7.解析 考查名词。traffic是不可数名词,没有复数形式。
答案 traffics→traffic
8.解析 考查非谓语动词。此处表示被动。
答案 doing →done
9.解析 考查连词。根据内容可知此处是并列句,都是需要控制的问题。
or→and
10.解析 考查冠词。under control在控制下。
答案 去掉control前的the
F
1.解析 考查固定短语中的介词。be interested in (对……感兴趣)为固定短语。
答案 on→in
2.解析 考查不定代词的用法。根据句意并联系生活常识可知,我们在旅行中可学到某些东西,并非一切。
答案 everything → something
3.解析 考查宾语从句的连接词。宾语从句中只能用一个连词。wonder含有疑问的意思,后面的宾语从句也不能用that引导。
答案 去掉if之前的that
4.解析 考查there be的用There be句型的一般将来时是There will be 或There is/are going to be。
答案 will∧be
5.解析 考查代词主、宾格的用法。此定语从句的先行词指人,关系代词作主语,应当用主格形式。
答案 whom→who
6.解析 考查形近异义词的用法。beside是介词,“在……旁边”;besides是副词
答案 Beside→Besides
7.解析 考查副词和形容词的用法区别。这里的意思是“很容易被接受”,修饰动词要用副词。
答案 easy→easily
8.解析 考查名词复数。adventure是可数名词。
答案 adventure→adventures
9.考查行文间时态的一致性。根据I hope可知,adventure活动尚未进行,显然是表达对将来的愿望。
答案 would→will
10.解析 考查逻辑关系的判断能力。interesting,fascinating和meaningful三个词之间是并列关系。
答案 but→and Section


 














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