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2017届高考英语一轮复习考点专项演练:Section 6 非谓语动词(全国通用)

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Section 6 非谓语动词

1.(2016·浙江高考)To return to the problem of water pollution,I’d like you to look at a study ________ (conduct)in Australia in 2012.
2.(2016·浙江高考)I have always enjoyed all the events you organized and I hope  ________ (attend) many more in the coming years.
3.(2016·浙江高考)When their children lived far away from them,these old people felt ________ (cut)off from the world.
4.(2016·浙江高考)I had as much fun sailing the seas as I now do________(work)with students.
5.(2016·江苏高考)In art criticism,you must assume the artist has a secret message ________ (hide)within the work.
6.(2016·江苏高考)Parents should actively urge their children________ (take) advantage of the opportunity to join sports teams.
7.(2016·天津高考)The cooling wind swept through our bedroom windows,________ (make) air conditioning unnecessary.
8.(2016·天津高考)I’m going to take advantage of this tour  ________ (explore)the history of the castle.
9.(2016·全国)In 1931,Addams became the first American woman________(win) the Nobel Peace Prize.
10.(2016·全国No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren.Yet there is evidence________(suggest)that the trend is growing.
11.(2016·四川高考)The Athletic Department is looking for students ________(help)assist staff during the Fall 2016,Winter 2016-17 and Spring 2017 semesters.
12.(2016·四川高考)Students ________(interest)in working for the Athletic Department should contact the Athletic Coordinator at their respective campuses.
13.(2016·北京高考)________ (make)it easier to get in touch with us,you’d better keep this card at hand.
14.(2016·北京高考) ________(order)over a week ago,the books are expected to arrive any time now.
15.(2016·北京高考)Newly-built wooden cottages line the street,________(turn)the old town into a dreamland.

1.(2015·江苏高考)Much time ________(spend)sitting at a desk, office workers are generally troubled by health problems.
2.(2015·湖南高考)When the clerk saw a kind face wrinkled in an apologetic smile, she stood rooted to the ground, ________(wonder)whether to stay or leave.
3.(2015·湖南高考)Sometimes I act as a listening ear for fellow students________(talk)over what is bothering them.
4.(2015·北京高考)________(catch)the early flight, we ordered a taxi in advance and got up very early.
5.(2015·北京高考)The park was full of people, ________(enjoy)themselves in the sunshine.
6.(2015·北京高考)If ________(accept)for the job, you’ll be informed soon.
7.(2015·浙江高考)Listening to music at home is one thing, going to hear it ________(perform)live is quite another.
8.(2015·重庆高考)________(raise)in the poorest area of Glasgow, he had a long, hard road to becoming a football star.
9.(2015·重庆高考)Like ancient sailors, birds can find their way ________(use)the sun and the stars.
10.(2015·陕西高考)After receiving the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress, Anne Benedict went on ________ (thank)all the people who had helped in her career.
11.(2015·陕西高考)Back from his two-year medical service in Africa, Dr.Lee was very happy to see his mother ________(take)good care of at home.
12.(2015·天津高考)________(absorb)in painting, John didn’t notice evening approaching.
13.(2015·天津高考)________ (work)for two days, Steve managed to finish his report on schedule.
14.(2015·安徽高考)________(ignore)the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make.
15.(2015·福建高考)________ (learn)more about Chinese culture, Jack has decided to take Chinese folk music as an elective course.
16.(2015·福建高考)In recent years an English word “infosphere” has appeared, ________ (combine)the sense of “information” and “atmosphere”.
17.(2014·湖南高考)There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland,________(stare) at the night sky.
18.(2014·北京高考)The film star wears sunglasses.Therefore,he can go shopping without ________(recognize).
19.(2014·大纲卷)Today there are more airplanes ________(carry) more people than ever before in the sky.
20.(2014·湖南高考)Children,when ________(accompany) by their parents,are allowed to enter the stadium.
21.(2014·江西高考)He is thought ________(act) foolishly.Now he has no one but himself to blame for losing the job.
22.(2014·山东高考)There’s a note pinned to the door________(say) when the shop will open again.
23.(2014·天津高考)Anxiously,she took the dress out of the package and tried it on,only ________(find) it didn’t fit.
24.(2014·陕西高考)________(work) out the difficult maths problems,I have consulted Professor Russell several times.
25.(2014·四川高考)The manager was satisfied to see many new products ________(develop) after great effort.
26.(2014·天津高考)Clearly and thoughtfully________(write),the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.
27.(2014·重庆高考)Group activities will be organized after class ________(help) children develop team spirit.
28.(2014·安徽高考)While waiting for the opportunity to get ________(promote),Henry did his best to perform his duty.
29.(2014·北京高考)Last night,there were millions of people ________(watch) the opening ceremony live on TV.
30.(2014·福建高考)________(spend) the past year as an exchange student in Hong Kong,Linda appears more mature than those of her age.
31.(2014·江苏高考)The lecture ________(give),a lively question-and-answer session followed.

1.(2016·江苏盐城市三模)Our car ________ (develop)engine trouble,we stopped for the night at a roadside rest area.
2.(2016·泰州市二模)—Johnson is said to be the first young teacher ________ (promote)to professor in your university this year.
— Exactly. ________ (convince)of his own competence is an important factor in his success.
3.(2016·南通、扬州、淮安、泰州三次调研)—What did David demand in the meeting just now?
— ________ (offer)a chance to join the Debating Club.
4.(2016·南通市二次调研)—A new bridge is reported ____ (build)across the river in your hometown.
—Yes,and it brings us great convenience.
5.(2016·南通市二次调研)All the photos in the report are provided by the Students’ Union,unless otherwise ________ (note).
6.(2016·启东中学高三下学期调研)Much disappointed as he is ________ (fail)in the job interview,he still keeps his confidence.
7.(2016·苏、锡、常、镇四市调研)—Why are you so familiar with my close friend Nipple?
—Yeah,I happen,believe it or not, ________ (meet)him in a packed trip.
8.(2016·江苏宿迁市三模)Mr.Mathew,fully ________ (convince)of his son’s innocence,began to seek new evidence which would persuade the police to reopen their investigation.
9.(2016·江苏宿迁市三模)With the 2022 World Cup final in Qatar ________ (take place)on December 18,the public fixed sights on the Arab nation,causing the concern of the intense summer heat.
10.(2016·南京市、盐城市二模)Flocks of customers joined Alibaba Singles Day,Hong Kong,the U.S.and Russia ________ (claim)the top three outside.
11.(2016·淮安市二次调研)The three travelers finally reached the home of Bertha’s mother around dusk, ________ (cover)65 miles in less than 12 hours.
12.(2016·南京市、盐城市二模)Our company is going on very well. ________  (employ)dozens of local women,we produce handmade goods with unique designs that sell well overseas.
13.(2016·南通市二模)The local government has already collected three million dollars, ________ (intend)for the environment improvement.
14.(2016·南通市二模)Who do the passengers on board think it is up to ________ (make)a final decision about such a matter?
15.(2016·福建漳州八校联考四)________(gather)the information the professor demanded earlier,the assistant continued to search in a sea of books for more on the topic.
16.(2016·嘉兴市教学测试二)My mom held me and my brother tight,tears of happiness ________ (cover)her face,feeling proud of our final success.
17.(2016·重庆一中二模)The meeting________(be) over, I found her seated at the desk and ________(listen) to music.
18.(2016·西安一中二模)________(expose) to sunlight for too much time will do harm to your skin.
19.(2016·天津实验中学模拟)________(remind) not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry.
20.(2016·江苏压轴卷) The deal, ________(complete) next week, will allow Charney to make a great fortune in the stock market.
21.(2016·吉林延边质检)It is typical of students to stay up ________(read) deep into the night for the final exam.
22.(2016·四川成都七中二诊)The speaker, Professor Davie, ________(know) for his impressive achievements in physics, was warmly received by all the students in our school.
23.(2016·浙江六校联考)Then professor walked onto the platform and seated himself in a chair, ________(prepare) for answering questions.
24.(2016·高考英语最后压题)________(employ) about 400 people, the factory would be built to allow for future growth.
25.(2016·________(save) time, the teacher had us do half of the exercises in class and complete the other half for our homework.
26.(2016·北京石景山一模)He did what he could________(help) her out of trouble.
27.(2016·山东青岛一模)People from all the corners came to the city center,________(make) it very crowded.
28.(2016·山东潍坊一模)________(take) according to the instructions, the medicine will work for your headache.
29.(2016·河南开封二模)He survived the crash, only________(die) in the desert.
30.(2016·北京西城一模)The tour guide reminded people to be careful when________(step) off the boat.

1.(2015·江苏启东中学月考一) I waited for him at the train station for an hour and I was afraid that he may miss the train, but luckily, he showed up with only ten minutes________(remain).
2.(2015·四川成都高新区月考)Life is like riding a bicycle.________(keep) your balance, you must keep moving.
3.(2015·浙江江山实验中学月考)—What do you think of his talk on Information Technology?
—Oh, excellent. It’s worth________(listen) to.
4.(2015·浙江江山实验中学月考)The volunteers are reminded of taking everything________(belong) to them before leaving the hotel.
5.(2015·四川成都高新区月考)A big earthquake hit Ludian in Yunnan,________(cause) many deaths and injuries and a big loss of property.
6.(2015·浙江重点中学适应性测试一)The thief fell to the ground, his left foot________(break) and blood________(run) down from his mouth.
7.(2015·江苏南京调研)Research found that children who drank mainly soda were more than twice as likely as those who drank no soda________(show) signs of aggression.
8.(2015·重庆南开He stayed up too late every night,________(determine) to catch up with his classmates.
9.(2015·江西南昌八一中学月考)The girl is a student at Oxford University,________(study) for a degree in English literature.
10.(2015·陕西五校联盟二模)Be careful when you deal with this chemical, as it will explode when ________(expose) to sunlight.
11.(2015·湖南师大附中月考)His new movie moved all audience to tears,________(call) to mind another moving one about war and love.
12.(2015·福建宁德质检)________(devote) to teaching, as we know, contributes to his popularity with his students.
13.(2016·天津实验中学模拟)His car________(repair) in the repair shop, he drove his brother’s instead.
14.(2015·三峡名校联盟联考)The game was so exciting to play that the boy kept his eyes and attention________(fix) on it, ruining both a lot.
15.(2015·安徽合肥二模)________(realize) her ambition of becoming a professional singer, she has been training very hard since an early age.
16.(2015·广州海珠区摸底)My older brother and I are busy ________(arrange) a trip to Africa.
17.(2015·吉林一中月考)Qu was a minister of the State of Chu ________(situate) in present-day Hunan and Hubei provinces,during the Warring States Period(战国时期).
18.(2015·山西太原五中月考)Last weekend as I was riding in the bike lane alongside the truck,we reached a crossing and it turned to the right,________(hit) me and my bicycle.
19.(2015·内蒙古师大附中月考)After luckily ________(succeed) in the national college entrance examination,I realized my dream again:after graduation,I became a citizen working in a city.
20.(2015·甘肃兰州一中月考)Most of the fish there were ________(freeze),but we had not much trouble finding some fresh fish at the other part of the market.
21.(2015·海南中学月考)Well,it always takes time to consider before ________(make) a decision.
22.(2015·乌鲁木齐一中月考)Now,the merchant’s first wife is a very loyal partner and has made great contributions in maintaining his wealth and business as well as  ________(take) care of the  household.
23.(2015·山西太原五中月考)Eventually,I decided ________(contact) University Student Legal Services for help about this matter.
24.(2015·辽宁育明高中月考)Woo Sing stopped ________(think) about these strange actions,saying to himself,“This boy is fooling me.He does everything that I do.”
25.(2015·黑龙江哈三中二模)Most probably,it may lead to a small talk which often brings harm or disrespect to others,thus ________ (hurt) others’ feelings.
26.(2015·河南濮阳市二模)Yes,and there are a lot of points of view when you listen to talk shows.I usually enjoy ________ (listen) to them.
27.(2015·辽宁瓦房店高级中学考前模拟)Taking a taxi is five times as expensive as ________(take) a bus.
28.(2015·甘肃民乐一中诊断)I then realized she had no arms or legs,just a head,a neck and upper body,________(dress) in a little white skirt.
29.(2015·甘肃嘉峪关市一中六模)The price of tea ________ (pick) in March is extremely high.
30.(2015·宁夏大学附属中学二模)We have also formed a special support group to help young people stop ________(smoke).
31.(2015·河北邯郸市一模)We offer them three choices:the end of March,the middle of April and the beginning of May,and they chose the earliest one,which is good actually with exams ________ (come) up in May.
32.(2015·河北邯郸市一模)We’ve got to remember this group wants to look at how the Internet is being ________(use) in the classroom.
33.(2015·广州海珠区摸底)It is so dangerous that our guides will have guns ________(scare) the animals away if they come too near.
34.(2015·辽宁锦州市质量检测一)He took out his handkerchief and wiped the cuts,________(check) to see that everything was going to be okay.
35.(2015·贵州遵义四中模拟)In the United States,there were 222 people ________(report) to be billionaires(亿万富翁) in 2003.
36.(2015·贵州六校联盟联考二)He accepted their mistaken estimate of his ability,________ (feel) that it was useless to try.
37.(2015·广东汕头一模)________ (choose) suitable subjects,artists had to be well-read.
38.(2015·贵州铜仁一中模拟)She programs us with all the possible moves she has seen while ________ (watch) human games.
39.(2015·山东烟台联考)An excellent reputation and high rankings are certainly important,according to a survey ________ (conduct) by Shanghai Municipal Education Commission in 50 Shanghai high schools this summer.
40.(2015·大连摸底)In the beginning,there was only a very small amount of unfairness in the world,but everyone added a little,always ________(think) that it was only small and not very important,and look where we have ended up today.
Section 6 非谓语动词【高考真题演练】
1.conducted 句意:为了回到水污染的问题,我想要你研究一下2012年澳大利亚进行的研究。study和conduct是动宾关系,用过去分词作定语。 ]
2.to attend 句意:我一直很喜欢你组织的所有活动并且希望在未来的几年里参加更多的活动。 hope to do sth 希望做某事,动词不定式作宾语。]
3.cut 句意:当孩子远离他们生活的时候,这些老人感觉和世界隔绝了。cut off切断。此处为系表结构,feel为连系动词。]
4.working 句意:我在海上航行和现在与学生一起一样快乐。I和work是主谓关系,用现在分词作时间状语。 ]
5.hidden 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:在艺术评message与hide是被动关系,故要用过去分词作后置定语。]
6.to take 句意:父母应积极督促孩子抓住机会加入运动队。urge sb to do sth 督促某人做某事。take advantage of利用。]
7.making 句意:冷风从我们的卧室的窗户吹进来,使得没有必要开空调了。前面的事情造成后面的结果,用现在分词作结果状语,表示顺理成章的
8.to explore 句意:我要利用这次旅行来探索这个城堡的历史。take advantage of,意为“利用”。to explore the history of the castle 为动词不定式做目的状语。]
9.to win 10.suggesting 11.to help 12.interested 13.To make 14.Having been ordered 15.turning
1.spent 句意:大部分时间坐在办公桌旁,办公室职员通常被健康问题所困扰。time 与spend之间构成被动关系,另外该题实际考查了非谓语动词的独立主格结构。]
2.wondering 句意:当店员看到一张充满善意的脸上挂着满怀歉意的微笑时,她呆呆地站在原地,不知该走还是不走。wondering 是现在分词作伴随状语,修饰动词stood。]
3.to talk 句意:有时候我充当同学们的倾诉对象,for sb to do sth是不定式的复合结构,在句中作定语,修饰a listening ear。]
4.To catch 句意:为了赶上早班飞机,我们提前预定了出租车并且很早就起床了。此处用不定式作目的状语,表示提前预定出租车并且早起的目的。]
5.enjoying 句意:公园里挤满了人,他们在阳光下玩得很开心。people和enjoy之间是主谓关系,且非谓语动词动作与谓语动词的动作几乎同时发生,故用现在分词的一
6.accepted 句意:如果录用你做这份工作,你将会很快得到通知。句子的主语you和动词accept之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词。]
7.being performed 句意:在家听音乐是一回事,去现场听音乐演奏是另外一回事。hear...doing...听到……正在做……,此处宾语it与动词perform之间为动宾关系,故要用现在分词的被动形式作宾语补足语。]
8.Raised 句意:因为是在Glasgow 最贫穷的地区被抚养大,成为一名足球明星,他走过了一段很长很艰苦的路。分析句子成分可知此处是非谓语动词作状语,he和raise之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作状语。]
9.using 句意:就像古时候的水手一样,鸟能利用太阳和星星找到它们的路。根据语境,use与其句中隐含的逻辑主语birds之间为主动关系,故用v.-ing形式的一般式,在句中作伴随状语,表示与find同时发生。]
10.to thank 句意:获得奥斯go on to do继续做另一件事;go on doing继续做同一件事。获奖和帮助是两件事。]
11.taken 句意:在他两年的非洲医疗服务回来后,李博士很高兴看到他在家中被照顾得很好的母亲。此处考查非谓语动词作后置定语,mother和take good care of之间是被动关系,故用过去分词。]
12.Absorbed 句意:沉迷于绘画中,约翰没有注意时Absorbed in painting相当于原因状语从句Because he was absorbed in painting的省略。]
13.Having worked 句意:工作了两天后,史蒂夫设法准时完成了报告。动词work与句子主语Steve之间为主谓关系,故要用现在分词,同时work的动作发生在谓语动词managed to finish之前,故要用现在分词的完成时形式。]
14.Ignoring 句意:忽视两者研究成果
15.To learn 句意:为了了解更多的中国文化,杰克决定选择中国民族音乐作为选修课。此处不定式作目的状语。逗号后面没有连词,可以判断此处应填非谓语动词。]
16.combining 句意:最近几年,一个英语单词“infosphere”出现了,是把“information”和“atmosphere”两个词的意义结合在了一起。动词combine和其逻辑主语word是主谓关系,故要用现在分词
17.staring 句意:没有比仰面躺在草地中央凝视着夜空更惬意的事情了。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。lying on my back in the middle of the grassland的逻辑主语与stare之间为逻辑上的主动关系,故答案为staring。]
18.being recognized 句意:电影明星戴着太阳镜。因此,他就可以去购物而不被认出来。without是介词,后接being recognized, 但不用现在完成时的被动结构,因为不是发生在主句谓语动词之前。]
19.carrying 句意:如今在天空中有更多的能够装载比以前更多的人的飞机。airplanes与carry是主谓关系,所以采用现在分词,相当于一个定语从句:which carry more...。]
20.accompanied 句意:当孩子被其父母陪伴时,他们才被允许进入这个运children与accompany之间为逻辑上的被动关系。when accompanied by their parents相当于when children are accompanied by their parents,故答案为accompanied。]
21.to have acted 句意:他被认为做得很愚蠢。现在对于失去工作他别无谴责只能责备自己。think sb to be/do 认为某人是/做……;表示被to have acted。]
22.saying 句意:有一张纸条别在门上,写着商店什么时候再营业。这里采用现在分词作定语,表示主动意义,相当于which/ that says...。]
23.to find 句意:她急切地从袋子里取出那条连衣裙试穿了一下,结果发现它不合身。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。根据语境可知,此处考查“only+动词to find。]
24.To work 句意:为了解决这些数学难题,我曾咨询过Russell教授几次。此处表示目的,空缺处填To work out。]
25.developed 句意:经理满意地看到很多新的商品经巨大的努力之后被开发出来。see的宾语是many new products,与 develop是被动的关系,所以采用过去分词developed。]
26.written 句意:由于表达清楚,思想有深度,这本书激起了那些想寻求他们自己答案的学生的自信心。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。因为主语the book和write之间是逻辑上的被动关系且表示完成,所以用过去分词作状语。]
27.to help 句意:为了帮助孩子们培养团队精神,下课后将要组织小组活动。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。根据句意可知该空作目的状语,所以要用动词不定式,故填to help。]
28promoted 句意:在等待机会得以晋升期间,亨利尽其所能尽其职责。这里考查的是get done 结构,所以答案应该是过去分词promoted。]
29.watching 句意:昨天晚上,有数以百万计的人看了在电视上现场直播的开幕式。people与watch是主动关系,所以使用现在分词,相当于一个定语从句:who watched the opening...。]
30.Having spent 句意:作为一名交换生在香港度过一年后,Linda看起来比同龄人更成熟。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。分析题干可知,非谓语动词与其逻辑主语Linda之间为主动关系且非谓语动词所表达的动作发生在句子谓语appears之前,所以用现在分词的完成式。]
31.having been given 句意:演讲之后,紧跟着一个生动的问答环节。本题考查非谓语动词。the lecture 是give的逻辑主语,两者间为被动关系,且该动作发生在谓语动followed之前,故应使用现在分词完成式的被动形式,the lecture having been given是独立主格结构,在句中作时间状语。]
1.having developed 考查非谓语动词。句意:由于我们的小汽车的发动机已经出毛病了,我们在路边的休息区停下住了一夜。develop后有宾语engine trouble,our car是develop的动作执行者,且动作先于主句谓语动词发生,应用现在分词的完成时构成独立主格结构。]
2.to have been promoted;Being convinced 考查非谓语动词。句意:——约翰逊据说是今年你们大学晋级教授的第一位年轻教师。——真的。他对自己能力的自信心是他成功的一个重要因素。teacher被the first修饰,一般只能用不定式作定语。be convinced of sth对……有信心,第二空应用动名词短语作主语。]
3.To be offered考查非谓语动词。句意:——刚才在会上David要求什么?——提供一个参加辩论俱乐部的机会。答语是回答的what,将答语变成:David demanded to be offered a chance to join the Debating Club in the meeting just now.demand后跟不定式作宾语,句子的主语David是offer的动作承受者,应用不定式的被动式作宾语,由于offer动作在将来发生,应用不定式的被动式。]
4.to have been built 考查非谓语动词。句意:——据报道你的家乡已经建起一座新的横跨大河的大桥。——是的,它给我们带来了很大的方便。be reported 后跟不定式的不同形式,表达不同含义。根据题干,桥已经被修成,且桥是build的动作承受者,应用不定式的完成被动式。]
5.noted 考查非谓语动词。句意:如果没有特别说明,报道中的所有照片都由学生会提供。当句子的主语与状语从句的主语一致时,一般可采用连词与分词连用的方式。photos是note 的动作承受者,
6.to have failed 考查非谓语动词。句意:尽管他很失望在工作面试中败北,但是他仍然保持充足的自信心。根据词组be disappointed to do sth因为某事很失望。由于fail的动作先于be disappointed发生,应用不定式的完成式。]
7.to have met 考查非谓语动词。句意:——你为什么对我亲密的朋友Nipple那么熟悉?——耶,信不信由你,我happen碰巧,后跟不定式作宾语,meet的动作先于happen发生,应用不定式的完成式。]
8.convinced 考查非谓语动词。句意:Mr.Mathew,完全相信他儿子是无罪的,开始寻求以说服警察重新调查的新证据。be convinced of确信,此处是非谓语动词作原因状语,Mr.Mathew是convince的动作承受者。]
9.to take place 句意:2022年的世界杯将在12月18日在卡塔尔举行take place为不及物动词词组,表示动作在将来发生应该用不定式一般式。]
10.claiming 考查非谓语动词。句意:成群的顾客加入了阿里巴巴的光棍节,香港、美国和俄罗斯成为(大陆)以外的前三甲。Hong Kong,the U.S.and Russia是claim的动作执行者,应用现在分词短语与修饰词构成独立主格结构。]
11.having covered 考查非谓语动词。句意:Bertha的母亲的家,在不到十二小时里走了六十五英里。cover与three travelers是主动关系,并且发生在句子谓语动词动作之前,应用现在分词的完成时。]
12.Employing 考查非谓语动词。句意:我们的公司运转得非常好。雇用了很多的当地妇女。我们生产的手工货物有独特的设计,在海外销售的非常好。employ 和our company 是主动关系,故用动词的现在分词。]
13.intended 考查非谓语three million dollars和intend 是被动关系,用动词的过去分词形容词化,短语be intended for sth打算……。]
14.to make 考查非谓语动词。句意:车上的乘客认为该由谁对于这样的事情做出最后的决定?it is up to sb to do sth由某人来决定做某事。]
15.Having gathered 此处为非谓语动词作状语,逻辑主语the assistant与gather之间构成主谓关系;因“收集信息”的动作发生在“继续寻找”之前,故用现在分词的完成式。]
16.covering 考查非谓语动词。句意:我的妈妈紧紧抱住我和弟弟,满脸幸福的眼泪,为我们最后的成功感到骄傲。此处是独立主格结构,happiness是cover的动作执行者,且动作正在进行,故应用现在分词。]
17.being;listening 题干中两个分句之间没有连词连接,前一分句应变成独立主格结构,要用现在her 是listen 的动作执行者,且动作正在进行,故用现在分词短语作宾语补足语,与seated并列。]
18.Being exposed 句意:在阳光下晒太长时间会对你的皮肤有害。在这个句子中,will do是谓语,缺少主语,要用动名词作主语。在非谓语动词中,用动名词或不定式来作主语。expose与one’s skin是动宾关系,所以要用动名词的被动式being exposed。]
19.Reminded 句意:因为经理被告知不要错过15:20的航班,所以他匆忙赶往机场。逻辑主语是句子的主语the manager, 非谓语动词与句子主语是被动关系,所以要用过去分词。]
20.to be completed 句意:下个星期将要完成的交易将会使查尼在股票市场挣一大笔钱。这里需要非谓语动词做定语,因为是下周将要被完成,所以用不定式的被动式。]
21.reading 句意:为了期末考试学生们总是熬夜读stay up 与设空处间没有并列连词,故判断设空处需为非谓语动词作状语。stay up 与read同时发生,故答案为reading。]
22.known 句意:Davie教授因他在物理方面骄人的成就而闻名。作为演讲者,他受到了我们学校全体学生的热情接待。主语the speaker与know为逻辑上的被动关系,故答案为known。]
23.prepared 句意:然后教授走上讲台,坐在扶手椅里,be prepared for...为……做好准备,用过去分词作状语。]
24.Employing 句意:雇用了大约400人,这个工厂将被建立起来以适应其将来的发展。employing在这里作伴随状语,它的逻辑主语是后面的the factory。]
25.To save 句意:为了节省时间,老师让我们在课堂上做一半练习,并完成另一半作为家庭作业。在句首的结构是不定式作目的状语,相当于in order to...。]
26.to help 句意:他做了他所能做的来帮助她从困难中摆脱出来。do what/everything that/all that sb can/ could(do) to do sth 尽某人所能去做某事。这里是不定式作目的状语,相当于in order to/so as to do。]
27.making 句意:来自各个角落的人都来到了市中心,这使市中心非常拥挤。本题考查非谓语make与前面的句子为逻辑上的主动关系,故答案为making。]
28.Taken 句意:按说明吃药,这药会对你的头疼有效。本题考查非谓语动词作条件状语。take与主语the medicine之间为逻辑上的被动关系,故答案为taken。]
29.to die 句意:飞机失事他逃过一劫,但却在沙漠中丧了生。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。“only+不定式”表示事与愿违的结果。]
30.stepping 句意:导游提醒人们当他们下船时要小心。这里的when从句是省略的状语从句,为“连词+分词”的用法,用现在分词表示主动发出的动作。]
1.remaining 复合结构with+名词/代词+doing/done,其后面的动词形式主要取决于动词与名词或代词的逻辑关系,主动通常用doing形式,被动关系通常用done的形式。由于remain为系动词,故它没有被动形式
2.To keep 句意:生活就像骑单车,只有不断前进,才能保持平衡。根据you must keep moving可知为了保持平衡。]
3.listening 句意:——你认为他有关信息技术的讲话如何?——很精彩,值得一听。be worth doing...值得做某事。]
4.belonging 句意:志愿者被提醒带走他们的随身物品。belonging...作后置定语用来修饰everything。]
5.causing 句意:云南鲁甸发生地震,导致很多人伤亡和财产损失。causing作结果状语,用来说明地震所造成的后果。]
6.broken;running 句意:这个贼倒在地上,他的左脚断了,血从嘴里流了出来。从结构可知此处是独立主格结构,即“逻辑主语+非谓语形式”,句中foot和break之间是被动关系,用过去分词;blood 和 run之间是主动关系
7.to show 句意:研究发现,那些主要喝苏打水的孩子表现出攻击性迹象的可能性是根本不喝苏打水的孩子的两倍还多。该句主要考查“某人可能做某事”的句式结构sb be likely to do sth。]
8.determined 句意:他每天熬夜到很晚,决心赶上其它同学。be determined to do...决定做某事。]
9.studying 句意:这个女孩是英国牛津大学的学生,正在攻读英国文学的学位。这里是用studying 表主动和伴随。]
10.exposed 句意:处理这种化学物质时要小心,因为暴露在阳光下时会爆炸。短语be exposed to 暴露于……之下。]
11.calling 句意:他的新电影感动得所有观众落泪,使人们想起另外一部关于战争与和平的电影。calling to mind 的意思是“想起或回想”,表示伴
12.Being devoted 句意:正如我们知道的那样,对教学的热爱使得他在学生中很受欢迎。固定表达be devoted to sth献身于,热爱。分析句子结构可知缺少主语,动词短语不可作主语,要变成动名词being devoted to。]
13.being repaired 句意:他的车正在修理厂维修,所以他开他哥哥的车。句中动词repair的逻辑主语是his car, 而不是句子的主语he
14.fixed 句意:这个游戏是那样激动人心,以至于那个男孩子集中注意力眼睛紧盯着它,结果眼睛受到很大程度的损害。固定表达fix one’s eyes/ attention on, eyes/attention和fix之间是被动关系,故要用过去分词fixed作宾语补足语。]
15.To realize 句意:——为了实现他成为专业歌手的理想,她从小时候就一直努力训练。这里是目的
16.arranging be busy (in) doing...忙于做某事。]
17.situated 表示位于何地时,用be situated in /on。过去分词situated作定语,相当于定语从句which was situated...。]
18.hitting 上周我骑自行车时旁边有辆卡车,当到十字路口hitting作结果状语。]
19.succeeding 介词after后要用动名词作宾语。]
20.frozen 此处作表语,表状态,要用frozen冰冻的。]
21.making 在做决定之前要认真考虑。before是介词,后跟动名词。]
22.taking as well as 连接并列结构,此处要把take名词化。]
23.to contact decide to do...决定做某事。]
24.to think Woo Sing停下来想这些奇怪的行为……。stop to do sth停下来去做某事。]
25.hurting 很有可能,这种好奇心会导致闲言碎语,而那些闲言碎语会对别人造成伤害或者不尊重,这样就伤害了别人的感情。现在分a small talk 和hurt之间为主谓关系,故要用现在分词。]
26.listening enjoy doing喜欢做某事。]
27.taking 这里taking a bus和taking a taxi进行比较。]
28.dressed 此处过去分词短语dressed in...相当于定语从句who was dressed in...。
29.picked tea与动词pick之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作后置定语。]
30.smoking stop to do sth 停下来去做某事;stop doing sth 停止正在做的事情。根据语境可知“我们还成立了一个特殊的小组去帮助青少年戒烟”。stop smoking戒烟。]
31.coming 这里是with的复合结构,exam和come是主coming作宾语补足语。]
32.used 参观团想看看我们学校的网络是如何被使用的。此处为现在进行时的被动语态,故要用过去分词used。]
33.to scare 目的是把动物吓跑。不定式作目的状语。]
34.checking 他拿出手帕擦拭伤口,看看是否一切都好。现在分词checking作伴随状语。]
35.reported people和动词report之间是被动关系,故要用过去分词作后置定语。]
36.feeling 这里是现在分词feeling作结果状语。]
37.To choose 为了选择合适的主题,画家们必须要博学多才。强调目的,应该用不定式。]
38.watching 逻辑主语she与watch之间为主动关系,故要用现在分词作状语。
39.conducted 根据上海市教育委员会所做的一项调查。名词a survey与动词conduct之间为被动关系,故要用过去分词做后置定语,相当于定语从句which is conducted by...。]
40.thinking 动词think与主语everyone之间为主动关系,前面已经有了谓语动词added,故要用现在分词表伴随。]

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