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2017届高考英语一轮复习考点专项演练:Section 3 介词和介词短语(全国通用)

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Section 3 介词和介词短语


1.(2016·浙江高考)—Are you sure you’re ready for the test?
—No problem.I’m well prepared  ________ it.
2.(2016·浙江高考)That young man is honest,cooperative,always there when you need his help.________ short,he’s reliable.
3.(2016·浙江高考)The study suggests that the cultures we grow up  ________ influence the basic processes by which we see the world around us.
4.(2016·江苏高考)Many businesses started up ________college students have taken off thanks to the comfortable climate for business creation.
5.(2016·天津高考)—I’m thinking of going back to school to get another degree.
—Sounds great!Go  ________  it.
6.(2016· 天津高考)The dictionary is out________ date: many words have been added to the language since it was published.
7.(2016·北京高考)It was a cold January in 1925 in North Alaska.The town was cut off from the rest of the world due  ________ heavy snow.
8.(2016·北京高考)Nome’s town officials came up  ________ a(n) plan.They would have the medicine sent by rail from Anchorage to Nenana.
9.(2016·全国)________the outstanding ladies listed below,who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
10.(2016·全国)According ________a study by grandparents.com,83 percent of the people said Mrs.Robinson’s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family.
11.(2016·四川高考)Gin spent five months in early 2015 exploring the most remote corners of this area,which sits on the edge of the Amazon rainforest,________  half its population of only 250,000 living in its capital,Cayenne.
12.(2016·四川高考)Previous studies have also indicated that milk can be excellent for helping sleep because________the calcium content,which helps people to relax.

1.(2015·江苏高考)The university started some new language programs to cater ________ the country’s Silk Road Economic Belt.
2.(2015·江苏高考)The whole team count ________ Cristiano Ronaldo, and he seldom lets them down.
3.(2015·江苏高考)Many of the things we now benefit from would not be around but ________ Thomas Edison.
4.(2015·浙江高考)Have you ever heard of the trees that are homes ________ animals both on land and sea?
5.(2015·浙江高考)Most people work because it’s unavoidable.________ contrast, there are some people who actually enjoy work.
6.(2015·浙江高考)We tend to have a better memory for things that excite our senses or appeal ________ our emotions than for straight facts.
7.(2015·浙江高考)These comments came in response ________ specific questions often asked by local newsmen.
8.(2015·湖北高考)This meeting room is a non-smoking area.I would like to warn you ________ advance that if you smoked here you would be fined.
9.(2015·重庆高考)Last year was the warmest year on record, with global temperature 0.68 ℃ ________ the average.
10.(2015·陕西高考)The little pupil took his grandma ________ the arm and walked her across the street.
11.(2015·安徽高考)They believe that there are transport developments ________the corner that will bring a lot of changes for the better.
12.(2015·福建高考)A common memory they all have ________ their school days is the school uniform.
13.(2015·福建高考)Human life is regarded as part of nature and, as such, the only way for us to survive is to live ________ harmony with nature.
14.(2014·福建高考)Our club is open to everyone regardless________ age,sex or educational background.
15.(2014·浙江高考)While staying in the village, James unselfishly shared whatever he had with the villagers without asking for anything________return.
16.(2014·天津高考)________addition to the school, the village has a clinic,which was also built with government support.
17.(2014·浙江高考)People won’t pay attention to you when they still have a lot of ideas of their own crying ________ expression.
18.(2014·重庆高考)She drove so fast  at the turn that the car almost went ________ the road.
19.(2014·浙江高考)Facing up to your problems instead________ running away from them is the best approach to working things out.
20.(2014·陕西高考)The Scottish girl ________ blue eyes won the first prize in the Fifth Chinese Speech Contest.
21.(2014·江西高考)It is unbelievable that Mr.Lucas leads a simple life ________ his great wealth.
22.(2014·北京高考)Jane is in a hurry because the train to the airport leaves ________ half an hour.
23.(2014·大纲卷)September 30 is the day ________ which you must pay your bill.
24.2014·湖北高考)Check carrots,potatoes,onions and any other vegetables ________store and immediately use or throw away any which show signs of rotting.
25.(2014·江苏高考)Tom always goes jogging in the morning and he usually does push-ups too to stay ________shape.

1.(2016·甘肃河西五市部分普通高中一联)One well of the oil field was still burning with huge fire twisting crazily ________ the night sky.
2.(2016·甘肃河西五市部分普通高中一联)Apart  ________ the cold,thin air and low oxygen levels also can cause mountain sickness.
3.(2016·湖南益阳三模)To survive in the world,we have to act in concert  ________ others,but to survive as ourselves,we have to act alone.
4.(2016·浙江高考最后冲刺高考)Please fetch the bunch of purple flowers and put it here,for purple flowers look more beautiful  ________ a light yellow wall.
5.(2016·湖北武汉调研)In contrast  ________ the previous approach to offering low-cost models for the market,Chinese car makers are focusing on displaying alternative energy-driven vehicles to meet environmental concerns.
6.(2016·河南开封二模)People keep to themselves in my neighborhood.We don’t drop by unannounced,except  ________ one night a year,December 30. 
7.(2016·安徽教研素质测试)In the final,we narrowly won the game. ________  be honest,I didn’t expect we had a chance of winning at first.
8.(2016·福建莆田质检)________  view of the shortage of time,the chairman decided that each candidate should finish the speech within 5 minutes.
9.(2016·安徽马鞍山一次质检)The disaster relief funds are already ________  place so that people in the earthquake-stricken area can carry out reconstruction work without delay.
10.(2016·山东烟台一模)The pollution in Beijing is expected to improve,thanks  ________ a series of air pollution control measures.
11.(2016·陕西西安长安一中一模)—Why not talk with your parents about your willingness to attend 2016 Peking University Summer Camp?
—I tried  ________ vain to get them to listen to me.
12.(2016·吉林延边质量检测)It is important to know what colours look good  ________  your skin before you buy clothes.
13.(2016·浙江宁波重点中学期中)Nick,it’s good for you to read some books  ________  China before you start your trip there.
14.(2016·山东师大附中一模)After walking a whole day, I was almost out ________breath, not feeling bad, though.
15.2016·安徽模拟冲刺)—Could I speak to Ms Catherine?
—Sorry, she’s gone to a company________an interview and she’ll be back in an hour.
16.(2016·浙江高考最后冲刺高考)Tom has been most helpful to us;________fact I dont know what we should have done without him.
17.(2016·湖北八市调考)We can be a smart shopper by choosing for value, not for looks;________other words, choose good quality goods with plain packages.
18.(2016·湖北荆州质检)The closer the blood relationship between two people, the closer they are in intelligence. If we take two unrelated people________random, their degree of intelligence might be completely different.
19.(2016·北________entering the classroom, remember to take your seat and turn off your cell phone.
20.(2016·陕西第一次联考)It was my birthday, so all the drinks were________me.
21.(2016·广西桂林中学He is always helping people without expecting anything________return.
22.(2016·豫东、豫北十校联考)How could she be so calm in front of so many people? It is really________me.
23.(2016·邯郸一检)Hey,boys,since this is a match, you have to play________the rules.
24.(2016·重庆南开中学检测)—Where is your great-grandmother________your mother’s side from?
—She is from Beijing.
25.(2016·浙江六市六校联盟考前模拟)—Did Tony win the game?
—No. Staying up late made him at his worst________terms of physical situation.
26.(2016·浙江高考最后冲刺高考)You’ll have to be patient________my mother as she’s going rather deaf.
27.(2016·大庆一模)I have no idea about what colours look good________my skin.
28.(2016·开封一模)Three of the town’s factories have closed down________the space of a year.
29.(2016·郑州一检)—What shall we prepare for our picnic this weekend?
—Well, let’s discuss it________lunch.
30.(2016·云南四模)The dress is very nice, but not________the girl’s taste, for she is somehow particular.
31.(2016·广西桂林中学月考)—I’m afraid Mr. Wood can’t see you until 4 o’clock.
—Oh,________that case I won’t wait.
32.(2016·南京一模)The old street runs________miles until it joins the new one.
33.(2016·朝阳区一模)In some countries, friends kiss________ both cheeks when they say goodbye.
34.(2016·赣州一模)Many people view sailing________romantic and relaxing.
35.(2016·广西桂林中学月考)It is hoped that an end can be put to pollution of any kind and we humans can live________harmony with nature.
36.(2016·北京海淀区一模)The purpose of the article is to draw public attention________ the problem.
37.(2016·泉州一中质检)What she has done these days shows that her son can do no wrong________her eyes.
38.(2016·石景山区期末)He has been________the computer for two hours, chatting with a boy from Australia.
39.(2016·陕西省西工大第五次适应性训练)If you really have to leave during class, you’d better leave________the back door.
40.(2016·山东师大附中五模)—The weather has been so hot and dry ________February this year.
—Yes. It’s like that in April.
41.(2016·福建泉州质检)You may know better about Jack London if you have read a book ________the name of The Call of the Wild.
42.(2016·安徽安庆二模)David was always________his best in any danger, but at that moment he froze.
43.(2016·重庆一中二模)She’s got the job because she has the advantage________others of knowing many languages.
44.(2016·北京东城区综合练习二)There was an excited expression________his face when he heard the good news.
45.(2016·福建漳州八校联考)—I was surprised to see wild flowers in Alaska.
—Many people think there is nothing apart ________ice and snow.

1.(2015·河北石家庄二中开学考)Second,we sometimes seem to be misunderstood ________ our teachers,parents and classmates.
2.(2015·宁夏银川一中月考)Today I received a sweet letter from Brianna,one of my “cookies”.It was wonderful to hear ________her.
3.(2015·甘肃天水一中月考)In Beijing,many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because ________ air pollution.
4.(2015·甘肃嘉峪关市一中六模)The usually quiet villages suddenly become busy centers of activity,as people take out special tools and prepare ________ tea processing.
5.(2015·甘肃张掖市诊断三)There were 239 people __________ board the Malaysia Airlines flight.
6.(2015·云南玉溪一中月考)Respect is very important ________ home,at school,and everywhere you go.
7.(2015·河北石家庄二中开学考)First,some of us are upset ________ their body styles and looks.
8.(2015·吉林一中月考)The spirit then advised them to wrap the rice and bind it ________ throwing it into the river.
9.(2015·内蒙古师大附中月考)________ the first college graduate out of a remote village,my success set an example for my folks.
10.(2015·宁夏银川一中月考)Brianna said that every day she would walk into kindergarten and see a smile ________ my face.
11.(2015·黑龙江双鸭山一中月考)According to Jack,there are eight boys in his class who failed,________(include) himself and Scott.
12.(2015·河南洛阳一高月考)Some chopsticks are decorated ________ colored pictures.
13.(2015·广州海珠区摸底)We are going to travel on camels ________ the Sahara Desert.
14.(2015·内蒙古包钢一中月考)I turned ________ the guides for help,but they were impatient.
15.(2015·河北衡水中学一模)I had no idea you were coming,but I am certainly glad to see you.I was feeling very nervous about going there  friends.
16.(2015·黑龙江大庆铁人中学模拟)They expect answers to get them back ________ their feet again.
17.(2015·辽宁锦州市质量检测一)“Thank you,sir.And God bless you.”the grateful child said to him and then pushed his brother down the sidewalk ________ their home.
18.(2015·辽宁瓦房店高级中学考前模拟)I will go to Liverpool ________ business tomorrow morning.
19.(2015·甘肃民乐一中诊断)When I took the money from her grandparents,I looked back ________ the girl,who was giving me the most optimistic,largest smile I had ever seen.
20.(2015·黑龙江佳木斯一中三模)In short,I believe that it is ________ great use to keep a diary in English.
21.(2015·河南洛阳一模)Still others prefer writing letters so that they can include photos or interesting articles ________ the envelopes along with their letters.
22.(2015·云南昆明一模)There are problems psychology doesn’t have the answer ________which no words can describe.
23.(2015·山东威海一模)I didn’t understand why this would happen and my credit card had already been charged ________ the reservation.
24.(2015·宁夏大学附属中学一模)When an opportunity comes,it brings a promise but never realizes it ________ its own.
25.(2015·宁夏银川一中二模)You can tell them ________ a confident and direct way why you can help their company.
26.(2015·河北石家庄联考)When Jane got home,with her small but well-chosen present in her bag,her parents were already ________ table having supper.
27.(2015·山东烟台四He was very tired ________ doing this for a whole day.
28.(2015·山西太原模拟)Going to college helps build a strong mind,which leads ________ greater success in one’s life.
29.(2015·Every day we are flooded________all kinds of sounds,________which most are noise.
30.(2015·江苏启东中学月考一)The accident that happened at an oilfield________the southeast coast of the USA has caused great damage to the environment.
31.(2015·浙江重点中学适应性测试一)Most of the audience wondered what idea a man who’s deaf from birth can have________music.
32.(2015 ·重庆八中期中)I’m sorry I didn’t phone you, but I’ve been very busy ________the past couple weeks.
33.(2015·江苏南京调研)Body mass index, or BMI,is a  measure of a person’s weight in relation________ height. A person with a BMI of twenty-five to twenty-nine is considered overweight.
34.(2015·江西六校联考一)Recently,Chinese Premier Li Keqiang called on companies to give more opportunities to new graduates;________response, some privately run enterprises have announced increases in their hiring of new graduates.
35.(2015·湖北黄冈中学月考)—Why do you think he is feeling spiritless?
—Because staying up late makes him at his worst ________terms of physical situation.
36.(2015·浙江温州十校联考)Contrary________what I had previously thought, my new biology teacher turned out to be a rather interesting person.
37.(2015·天津一中月考)In our international engagement, we will uphold principles, promote justice and practice equality.________particular, we will advance and protect the rights and interests of developing countries.
38.(2015·三峡名校联盟联考)The astronauts have to lie________the floor of the spaceship to fight against the great pressure during the flight.

Section 3 介词和介词短语 【高考真题演练】
1.2016年高考真题
1.for 句意:——你确定你准备好考试了吗?——没问题。我已经做好准备了。 be prepared for 为……做好了准备。]
2.in 句意:这个年轻人是诚实的,有合作精神的,当你需要他的帮助的时候,总是在那里。简言之,他是可靠的。in short简言之。]
3.in 句意:研究表明我们成长的文化影响了我们看周围世界的基本过程。the cultures后面是定语从句,省略了which,定语从句中cultures作宾语,那么还缺少一个介词,和cultures搭配用介词in。]
4.by 考查介词。句意:由于良好的创业环境,许多大学生的创办项目已经腾飞(获得成功)。句中started up ________ college students做后置定语修饰many businesses,意为“由大by 引出。]
5. for 句意:——我在想回去上学再拿一个学位。——听起来很棒!努力争取吧。Go for it去争取吧。]
6.of 句意:这本字典过时了:自从它被出版,很多单词被增加到这个语言中。考查介词短语。out of date过时的。]
7.to 8.with 9.Of 10.to 11.with 12.of
2.经典高考真题
1.for 句意:大学开始开设一些新的语言项目,以迎合中国的丝绸之路经济带。固定表达cater for 迎合,满足所需。]
2.on 句意:整个团队依靠Cristians Ronaldo,他很少让他们失望。固定表达count on依靠,指望。]
3.for 句意:如果没有托马斯·爱迪生的话,我们现在所受益的许多东西是不会出现的。but for如果没有的话。]
4.to 句意:你听说过既可生长在陆地home to...是……的家园或故乡。]
5.By 句意:大多数人工作是因为无法避免,相比之下,也有一些人真的喜欢工作。固定表达by contrast相比之下。]
6.to 句意:我们倾向于对令感官兴奋的或吸引我们情感的东西记忆深刻。固定表达appeal to对……有吸引力。]
7.to 句意:这些解释是对当地记者经常询问的特定问题的回应。固定表达in response to作为对……的回答,作为对……的反应。]
8.in 句意:这个会议室是禁烟区。我想提前警告你,如果你吸烟,你会被罚款的。固定表达in advance预先,提前。]
9.above 句意:去年是有记录以来最热的一年,比全球平均气温高0.68度。above 高于,在……之上,符合句意。]
10.by 句意:这个小学生挎着奶奶的胳膊,扶着她穿过了马路。动词+sb+介词+the+人体部位,是惯用法。表示“挎着by。]
11.around 句意:他们认为即将到来的交通发展将会带来很多更好的变化。固定表达around the corner即将来临。]
12.of 句意:在他们上学的日子中,一个共同的记忆就是校服。固定表达a memory of 关于……的回忆。]
13.in 句意:人类被认为是自然的一部分,同样,我们要生存下去的唯一方式,就是要与大自然和谐相处。固定表达in harmony with与……协调,
14.of 句意:我们的俱乐部对所有人开放,不分年龄、性别和教育背景。regardless of 不管,不顾。]
15.in 句意:在村庄停留期间,James无私地和村民分享他所拥有的一切,不要求任何回报。]
16.In 句意:除了学校,村子里也有诊所,那也是在政府的支持下建设的。表示“除了(包括在内)”,用 In addition to。]
17.for 句意:当人们仍然有很多自己的观点急切要表达时是不会注意到你的。cry for 表示“急着要……”,为固定搭配,所以用介词for。]
18.off 句意:她在拐角的地方开车如此之快以至于这辆车几乎偏离了公路。表示“离开,偏离”用介词off。]
19.of 句意:面对你的问题而不是逃避它们才是解决问题的最好办法。instead of 而不是。]
20.with 句意:在第五届汉语演讲比赛中,那位有着一双蓝色眼睛的苏格兰姑娘获得了一等奖。with表示“具有”。]
21.despite 句意:令人难以置信的是,尽管很富有,Lucas先生过着简朴的生活。despite尽管。]
22.in 句意:简很匆忙,因为去飞机场的火车在半小时后就会出发。根据题意,答案用介词in。]
23.by 句意:9月30之前你必须缴付账单。这是一个定语从句,先行词是day,表示时间,根据从句说要支付账单,应该是截止日期,用介词by。]
24.in 句意:检查贮存中的胡萝卜、土豆、洋葱和其他任何蔬菜并立即使用或扔掉任何有腐烂迹象的蔬菜。]
25.in 句意:汤姆总是在清晨慢跑并且他也通常做俯卧撑来保持身体健康。根据题意,这里表达做俯卧撑是保持身体健康,所以用in shape。]
【模拟试题精练】
1.2016年模拟试题
1.against 句意:石油区的一个井仍在燃烧,在夜空的映衬下火苗疯狂扭曲。against the night sky在夜空的映衬下。]
2.from 句意:且不说冷空气,稀薄的空气和含氧量低也能引起高山反应。apart from且不说……(实际上是包括的)。]
3.with 句意:为了在世界上生存下去,我们in concert with和……相呼应,与……合作,和……一致。]
4.against 句意:去拿一束紫色的花来放到这里,因为以淡黄色的墙为背景,紫色的花看上去更漂亮。against以……为背景。]
5.to 句意:与先前提供低消耗汽车的方式相比,中国的汽车制造商开始注重展示利用可替代能源驱动的汽车以满足环保的需求。In contrast to与……相比。根据题干中的low-cost models和alternative energy-driven vehicles含有对比的意思。]
6.for 考查介词。句意:我们社区的人常足不出户。除了一年中的12月30号,在这晚大家可以在互不通知的情况下拜访对方。]
7.To 考查介词。句意:最后,我们勉强赢了比赛。说实话,最初我没想到我们有赢得比赛的机会。To be honest说实话。]
8.In 考查介词。句意:考虑到时间不够,主持人决定每个参与者的演讲限定在5分钟内in view of鉴于,考虑到。]
9.in 考查介词。句意:减灾资金已经准备好以便地震灾区的人们能毫不拖延地进行重建工作。in place合适,准备好。]
10.to 考查介词短语。句意:幸亏一系列的空气污染控制措施,北京的污染有待改善。thanks to幸亏。]
11.in 句意:——为什么不告诉你的父母关于你愿意参加2016年北京大学夏令营的事?——我尽力说服他们听我的,但白费力气。in vain“白费力气,徒劳
12.against 句意:在购买衣服前,了解什么样的颜色衬你的肤色很重要。此处要用介词against表示“在……衬托下,以……为背景”。]
13.on on 表示关于,some books on China意为“关于中国的一些书”。句意:Nick,你在去中国旅行之前最好读一些关于中国的书。]
14.of 句意:走了一整天之后,我几乎喘不过气来,但是感觉并不怎么糟糕。表示“上out of breath。]
15.for 句意:“我能与凯瑟琳女士讲话吗?”“对不起,她已经去了一家公司采访,而且要一个小时她才能回来”。表示“目的”,用 for。]
16.in 句意:汤姆已经对我们有最大的帮助了;实际上,我不知道没有他我们会做什么。in fact 表示“实际上”。]
17.in 句意:我们通过选择有价值的而不是选择好看in other words 换言之。]
18.at 句意:两个人的血缘关系越近,他们的智商越接近。如果我们随意挑出无亲缘关系的两个人,他们的智力水平可能会完全不同。at random为固定搭配,意为:随意,随机。]
19.Upon/On 句意:一走进教室的时候,要记住坐好并关掉手机。表示“一……就……”,可以使用on/upon + doing 的形式。]
20.on 句意:(今天)是我的生日,所以所有的酒水我买单。be on me 我请客,算我账上。]
21.in 句意:他总是帮助别人不求回报。表示“作为回报”,用介词短语in return。]
22.beyond beyond sb为固定表达,意为“使某人无法想象(或理解)”。句意:在这么多人面前,她是如何做到这么沉着的?我真想不通。]
23.by by是“依照,按照”之意。句意:嗨,孩子们,这是一个比赛,所以你们要依照比赛规则比赛。]
24.on 句意:“在你妈妈一侧的你的曾祖母从哪里来?”“她从北京来”。表示“在某人身边”,用介词on。]
25.in 句意:“托尼赢得比赛了吗?”“没有。就他身体状况而言,熬夜使他身体极为糟糕”。表示“就……而言”,是in terms of。]
26.with 句意:你将不得不对我母亲耐心些,因为她正变得相当聋。]
27.against against意为“以……为背景,衬托”。句意:我不知道什么颜色衬我的肤色。]
28.within within是“不出(某段时间),在(某段时间)之内”的意思。句意:这个镇上的三个工厂在不到一年的时间里倒闭了。]
29.over over在句中的意思为“在……期间”。——我们要为这周末的野餐准备些什么呢?——好吧,我们在吃午饭的时候讨论一下吧。]
30.to 句意:这条连衣裙很漂亮,但不适合这个女孩子,因为她有点特别。to one’s taste适合某人的口味。]
31.in 句意:“恐怕Wood先生到4点才会见你。”“哦,那样的话,我就不等了”。表示“那样的话,在那种情况下”用in that case。]
32.for 句意:这条旧路绵延数英里与一条新路汇合。for“达,计(表示距离)”,符合句意。]
33.on kiss(sb) on both cheeks 为固定表达,意为“亲吻某人的双颊”。句意:在一些国家里,朋友们互相亲吻脸颊告别。]
34.as 句意:许多人认为出海航行既浪漫又令人放松。view...as...“把……看作”是固定搭配。]
35.in 句意:人们希望结束任何形式的污染并且我们人类能与自然和谐相处。表示“与……协调一致”,用介词短语 in harmony with。]
36.to 句意:这篇文章的目的是引起公众对这个问题的关注。draw one’s attention to...表示“引起某人对……的关注”。]
37.in 句意:这些天她的所作所为表明,在她的眼里儿子不可能做坏事。表示“在她的眼里”要用in her eyes。]
38.at at 在句中意为“在……旁边,靠近”。句意:他坐在电脑前,跟一个澳大利亚的男孩聊了两个小时。]
39.by 句意:如果你必须在上课期间离开,你最好从后门出去。表示“经,由……”介词by。]
40.for 句意:“对于今年的二月份而言天气是如此炎热和干燥。”“是的,就像是四月份的天气一样”。表示“对于……而言”用介词for。]
41.by 句意:如果你阅读一本名叫《野性的呼唤》的书,你就会对杰克·伦敦有更多的了解。固定搭配by the name of名叫……。]
42.at 句意:大卫总是能从容面对任何危险,但此刻他却愣住了。固定表示be at one’s best处在最佳状态。]
43.over 句意:她因懂多种语言而优于他人,因而得到了那份工作。固定表达have an/ the advantage over胜过,优于。]
44.on 句意:当他听到这个好消息时,脸上呈现出兴奋的表情。on his face在他的脸上。]
45.from 句意:——我很惊讶看见阿拉斯加有野花。——很多人认为那里除了冰雪什么也没有。apart from除了(包含或不包含)。此处表示“除了冰雪以外没有别的东西”。]
2.经典模拟试题
1.by 有时候我们似乎还会被我们的老师、家长、同学所误解。此处是被动语态,动作的发出者应该由介词by引出。]
2.from hear from sb收到某人的来信。]
3.of 在北京很多人因为空气污染得了不同类型的病。because of因为。]
4.for prepare for为……做准备。]
5.on on board在飞机上。]
6.at at home在家。]
7.about 我们中的一些人对自己的体型和长相感到非常失望。be upset about对……感到沮丧/难过。]
8.before “将它裹好、绑好”应是在“将粽子扔进河里”之前。]
9.As 作为第一个从山村里走出来的大学生,我的成功给我的同胞树立了as作为。]
10.on a smile on one’s face脸上面带微笑。]
11.including 根据杰克的话,班里有八个男生不及格,包括他自己和斯科特。including包括,包含。]
12.with 一些筷子用彩色的图画装饰。be decorated with由……装饰。]
13.through 我们将骑骆驼穿过撒哈拉沙漠。through通过。]
14.to turn to sb for help向某人寻求帮助。]
15.without 没有朋友一起去,我会很紧张的。without没有。]
16.on on one’s feet站立,get sb back on one’s feet跌倒后再爬起来。]
17.towards) 这个感激的男孩感谢了他,然后推着他的哥哥朝家里走去。表示“向,朝”要用介词toward(s)。]
18.on 我明天早上要去利物浦出差。on business因公出差。]
19.at look at看,look back at回头看。]
20.of be of +抽象名词=be+形容词,be of great use=be very useful。]
21.in 根据include photos ...along with their letters可知,此处表示“把照片或有趣的文章装进信封”,表示“在信封中”要用介词in。]
22.to 有一些问题是心理学不能给出答案的。problems是先行词,后面是定语从句,the answer 后面缺少介词to,problems是to的宾语,the answer to the problem问题的答案
23.for 我的信用卡已经支付了这次预定房间的钱款。固定搭配charge sb for sth因……对……收费。]
24.on on one’s own独自地。]
25.in in a ...way以……的方式。]
26.at 由having supper可知,此处表示“在进餐”,固定表达at table表示
27.after/from/with “他感到累”应是“在辛辛苦苦干了一整天之后”,表示“在……之后”要用介词after。另外,表示“因做某事而累”也可用be tired from/with doing来表示,故也可填from/with。]
28.to 这能够导致人生中更大的成功。固定短语lead to导致。]
29.with;of 句be flood with充满;第二空是非限制性定语从句,先行词是sounds,most与sounds是所属关系,most of which 相当于most of the sounds。]
30.off 句意:在美国东南海岸的一个油田所发生的那起事故对环境造成了巨大破坏。表示海面上的“远离”通常为介词off。]
31.of 句意:大多数观众都have an idea of sth对……有所了解。]
32.over/in/during 句意:对不起,我没有打电话给你,但是在过去的几个星期里我一直在忙。这里使用介词over/in/during和一段时间搭配,表示“在……期间”。]
33.to 句意:身体质量指数或简称为BMI是一个人体重与身高关系的指标。一个人的BMI在25到29时,被认为超重。in relation to 和……相比较;关于,涉及到。]
34.in 句意:最后中国总理李克强号召公司把更多的机会给毕业新生,作为回应,一些民营企业家已经提高对于毕业新生的雇佣。in response作为回应。]
35.in 句意:——你认为为什么他看起来没有精神。——因为就身体而言熬夜让他的情况更加糟糕。in terms of 就……而言。]
36.to 句意:和我以前的想法相反,我的生物老师结果是一个相当有趣的人。contrary to 和……相反。]
37.In 句意:在我们的国际承诺中,我们将坚持原则,弘扬正义和平。尤其是,我们将促进和保护发展中国家的权益。in particular 尤其。]
38.against 句意:飞行过程中,宇航员不得不斜靠着宇宙飞船的地板以抵御巨大的压力。against斜靠着……。]

 














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