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# 广东省肇庆市2017届高三上学期第一次统一检测英语试卷

试卷类型：A

2017届高中毕业班第一次统一检测

1.本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。答卷前，考生务必
将自己的姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。因测试不考听
力，第I卷从第二部分的“阅读理解”开始，试题序号从“21”开始。
2.回答第I卷时，选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号
涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。写在本试卷上
无效。
3.回答第II卷时，将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
4.考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

A
Hundreds of years ago，a Roman army came north from England to make war on Scotland. The Scots，a brave people，loved their country very much. They fought hard to drive the enemy out of Scotlandbut there were too many Romans. It looked as if the Romans would win.　　One nightthe leader of Scots marched his soldiers to the top of a hill. “We will rest here tonight, my men,” he said. “Tomorrow we will fight one more battle. We must win or we will die.”　　They were all very tiredso they ate their supper quickly and fell asleep. There were four guards on duty, but they were very tired, too, and one by one, they fell asleep.　　The Romans were not asleep. Quickly they gathered at the foot of the hill. Slowly they climbed up the hillsidetaking care not to make a sound. Closer and closer they came to the sleeping Scots. They were almost at the top. A few minutes more，the war would be over. Suddenlyone of them put his foot on a thistle(蓟). He cried out and his sudden cry woke the Scots. In a moment，they were on their feet and ready for battle. The fighting was hard but it did not last long. The Scots wiped out the Romans and saved their country.    The thistle is not a beautiful plant. It has sharp needles all over it. Few people like it. But the people of Scotland liked it so much that they made it their national flower.21.The result of the war is that  ________.
A.the Scots defeated the Romans
B.C.the Scots were defeated
D.22. At the shout of a Roman soldier, all the Scots who were asleep at the hill _______.
woke and rose immediately, ready to fight
put their feet into their shoes at once and were ready to fight
C.stood up without putting on their shoes and began to fight
D.23. The Scots made thistle their national flower because thistle ________.
A.gave them happiness
B.had so many sharp needles all over it
C.
D.is lovely,though not beautiful
B
"Everything happens for the best," my mother said whenever I faced disappointment. "If you carry on, one day something good will happen. And you'll realize that it wouldn't have happened if not for that previous disappointment."
Mother was right, as I discovered after graduating from college in 1932. I had decided to try for a job in radio, then work my way up to sports announcer. I hitchhiked to Chicago and knocked on the door of every station and got turned down every time.
In one studio, a kind lady told me that big stations couldn't risk hiring an inexperienced person. "Go out in the sticks(边缘地区) and find a small station that'll give you a chance," she said.
I thumbed home to Dixon, Illinois. While there was no radio-announcing job in Dixon, my father said Montgomery Ward had opened a store and wanted a local athlete to manage its sports department. Since Dixon was where I had played high school football, I applied. The job sounded just right for me. But I wasn't hired.
My disappointment must have shown. "Everything happens for the best," Mom reminded me. Dad offered me the car to job hunt. I tried WOC Radio in Davenport, Iowa. The program director, a wonderful Scotsman named Peter MacArthur, told me they had already hired an announcer.
As I left his office, my frustration boiled over. I asked aloud, "How can a fellow get to be a sports announcer if he can't get a job in a radio station?"
I was waiting for the elevator when I heard MacArthur calling, "What was that you said about sports? Do you know anything about football?" Then he put me before a microphone and asked me to broadcast an imaginary game.
On my way home, as I have many times since, I thought of my mother's words: "If you carry on, one day something good will happen. Something wouldn't have happened if not for that previous disappointment."
I often wonder what direction my life might have taken if I'd gotten the job at Montgomery Ward.
24. Author dreamt of becoming_________.
A. a manager in a station
B. a football player
C. a manager in a sports department in Dixon
D. a sports announcer
25. The reason why author failed to find a job in Chicago may be that_________.
A. at the very beginning, he decided to become a sports announcer
B. the stations in Chicago had hired others
C. he had no working experience
D. he preferred to work in his hometown
26. Which of the following words can be used to best describe author?
A. diligent and polite          B. persistent and inexperienced
C. confident and handsome     D. hardworking and energetic
27. What’s the best title for the passage?
A. How to find a job
B. Peter MacArthur gave me a chance
C. Mother’s words
D. A lesson of life
C
Cell phone feels like a part of your body? A global survey has found that most people can't live without their mobiles, never leave home without them and, if given a choice, would rather lose their wallet.
Calling mobile phones the "remote control" for life, market research firm Synovate's poll said cell phones are so ubiquitous that by last year more humans owned one than did not.
Three-quarters of the more than 8,000 respondents polled online in 11 countries said they take their phone with them everywhere, with Russians and Singaporeans the most attached.
More than a third also said they couldn't live without their phone, topped by Taiwanese and again Singaporeans, while one in four would find it harder to replace the mobile than their purse.
Some two-thirds of respondents go to bed with their phones nearby and can't switch them off, even though they want to, because they're afraid they'll miss something.
"Mobiles give us safety, security and instant access to information. They are the number one tool of communication for us, sometimes even surpassing face-to-face communication. They are our connections to our lives," Jenny Chang, Synovate's managing director in Taiwan, said in a statement.
Mobiles have also changed the nature of relationships, with the survey finding nearly half of all respondents use text messages to flirt, a fifth set up first-dates via text and almost the same number use the same method to end a love affair.
Apart from the obvious calling and texting, the top three features people use regularly on their mobile phones globally are the alarm clock, the camera and the games.
As for email and Internet access, 17 percent of respondents said they checked their inboxes or surfed the Web on their phones, led by those in the United States and Britain.
One in 10 respondents log onto social networking websites such as Facebook and MySpace regularly via mobile, again led by Britain and the United States.
"As the mobile becomes more and more an all-in-one device, many other businesses are facing challenging times. The opportunities for mobile manufacturers and networks however are enormous," said Synovate's global head of media, Steve Garton.
Not everyone is tech savvy, however: 37 percent of respondents said they don't know how to use all the functions on their phone.

According to the passage, the top two regular functions of mobile phones may be
.
A. camera and game
B. calling and texting
C. email and calling
D. surfing and texting
29. According to Jenny Chang, why is cell phone important for people?
A. There are many functions on their phones.
B. About half of all respondents end a love affair via text.
C. Mobiles make people feel safe, secure and help them to get information.
D. Mobiles used as the tool of communication is not popular with people.
30. What can be inferred from paragraph 1?
A. Cell phone plays an important part in body.
B. As for most of people, wallet is less important than cell phone.
C. More humans would rather own their wallet than cell phones.
D. Poll considered mobile phones as the “remote control” for life.
31.What does the underlined word in Paragraph 2 mean?
A. rare        B. special      C. interesting     D. common
D
Attitude is an internal（内在的）state that influences the choices of personal action made by the individual. Some researchers consider that attitudes come from differences between beliefs and ideas; others believe that attitudes come from emotional states. Here, we focus on the effects of attitudes upon behavior, that is, upon the choices of action made by the individual.
The kinds of actions taken by human beings are obviously influenced greatly by attitudes. Whether one listens to classical music or rock, whether one obeys the speed limit while driving, whether one encourages one’s husband or wife to express his or her own ideas----all are influenced by attitudes. These internal states are acquired throughout life from situations one is faced with in the home, in the streets, and in the school.
Of course, the course of action chosen by an individual in any situation will be largely determined by the particulars of that situation. An individual who has a strong attitude of obeying laws may drive too fast when he is in a hurry and no police cars in sight. A child who has a strong attitude of honesty may steal a penny when she thinks no one will notice. But the internal state which remains unchanged over a period of time, and which makes the individual behave regularly in a variety of situations, is what is meant by an attitude.
Attitudes are learned in a variety of ways. They can result from single incidents , as when an attitude toward snakes is acquired by an experience in childhood at the sudden movement of a snake. They can result from the individual’s experiences of success and pleasure, as when someone acquires a positive attitude toward doing crossword puzzles by being able to complete some of them. And frequently, they are learned by copying other people’s behavior, as when a child learns how to behave toward foreigners by observing the actions of his parents. Regardless of these differences, there is something in common in the learning and modification(修正) of attitudes.

32. According to the passage, we know attitudes _________.
A. are largely affected by one’s behavior
B. come from different situations in one’s life
C. remain unchanged in one’s daily life
D. could be chosen according to one’s will
33. Which of the following is TRUE about the learning of attitudes?
A. Attitudes are only learned through one’s success.
B. Copying others’ behavior is not a good idea.
C. Attitudes can be learned from one’s parents.
D. Attitudes learned in danger will last longer.
34. The author uses the examples in Paragraph 3 to show____________.
A. particulars of a situation may influence an individual’s action
B. people with good attitudes may sometimes do bad deeds
C. an individual may change his or her attitude fairly easily
D. people often make mistakes when they are not noticed
35. Which of the following can be learned from the passage?
A. Researchers believe that attitudes only come from emotional states.
B. Attitudes have a bad influence on actions.
C. An honest child won’t steal a penny.
D. Attitudes can be learned either by one’s experience or by observing the actions of others.
（共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分)

How to Memorize Things Quicker Than Other People？
The following is my advice for you.
Step 1: Preparation
36   For most people, this means choosing an area with few distractions, though some people do advance greatly by learning in public areas. Figure out what is most conducive to your learning so that you can get started.
Step 2: Record what you’re memorizing
This is especially useful if you’re trying to memorize information from a lecture. Use a tape recorder to track all of the acquired facts being spoken and listen to it.   37   Obviously, this is most helpful for auditory(听觉的) learners, and it’s also useful because it ensures that you’re getting more context from a lecture that will help you learn the information faster.
Step 3: Write everything down
Before you start trying to recall everything from memory, write and re-write the information. This will help you become more familiar with what you’re trying to memorize.  38   This is most useful for experiential learners.
Step 4:   39
Now that you have everything written down in one set of notes, separate them into sections. This is ideal for visual learners, especially if you use color coding to distinguish between subjects.   40
B. If you’re trying to memorize a speech, record your reading of the speech and listen to the record.
C. Doing this while listening to your tape recorder can also help you keep a lot of the data.
D. To memorize, first you should choose an area.
F. This will help you break everything down and start classing the information being recorded in your brain.
G. To improve your memorization, pay close attention to which environment you choose.

It is always interesting and inspiring to observe human behavior. Some behavior 41  to be true to form more often than not. In the past years, we have always held a Christmas gift exchange at our house with at least ten of our   42   . Each year,  we all buy gifts   43  in Christmas paper. When everyone is sitting around a   44   at home, all the gifts are piled in the middle of the floor.
People choose a(n)  45  from a bowl that tells him or her when they can take their   46   to choose their gifts. The person with the number one can choose any   47   and then, each person picks one in turns. Before they choose a gift, they have the   48   of taking the gift from the former person.  49   when all numbers have chosen a gift, the person   50   the first number can then take a gift away from any other person.
What is always interesting is   51   each person as they choose a gift. What happens   52   usually happens more often than not. The biggest gift always gets chosen first. It is hardly the smallest gift,   53    is it the fanciest gift-wrapping. What does this tell us about most human   54   ?
Is the   55   always the best or worth the most? Is it that we think that something small is not worth as much or cannot   56   our expectations?
Human beings, in fact, appear   57   all sorts of packaging and size. Some are bigger and some are smaller; some are dressed   58   and some are dressed poorly. Behind every human trapping though   59   unforeseen characteristics, talents, desires, hurts, pains and dreams.
Just as Terry Josephson, a motivational speaker, says, “  60   thinking in terms of limitations and start thinking in terms of possibilities.”

41. A. intends 	B. happens	C. seems	D. remains		42. A. audience	B. family	C. class	D. team		43. A. covered	B. piled	C. hidden	D. wrapped		44. A. circle	B. distance	C. direction	D. table		45. A. tip	B. fortune	C. number	D. item		46. A. chances	B. turns	C. measures	D. time		47. A. gift	B. number	C. person	D. bowl		48. A. desire	B. patent	C. option	D. talent		49. A. At the end	B. In other words	C. By the way	D. On the contrary		50. A. counting	B. holding	C. offering	D. exchanging		51. A. persuading	B. accompanying	C. seeing	D. watching		52. A. last	B. next	C. finally	D. first		53. A. and	B. or	C. yet	D. nor		54. A. history	B. mind	C. behavior	D. custom		55. A. biggest 	B. smallest	C. cheapest	D. heaviest		56. A. catch up with	B. live up to	C. get along with	D. break away from		57. A. with	B. on	C. in	D. at		58. A. privately	B. wealthily	C. simply	D. elegantly		59. A. lies	B. contains	C. disappears	D. occurs		60. A. Remember	B. Begin	C. Keep	D. Stop		第II卷

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有l0处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

2．只允许修改10处，多者(从笫11处起)不计分。
A few months after returning the US from Germany, I took a college course in the French. Since I have learned to speak German good in Germany, I thought that it might be interested to begin studying another language.
In the first class, the teacher asked me to do a pronunciation exercise, in which he would say a word or two in French, and each student would do his best to copy. When he got me, he kept having me said more words, but I finally asked him why. " I find it great funs. It's the first time I've heard the American speak French with a German accent." he explained.

Thank you for your letter. ______________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
How are you doing these days? Please tell me in your next letter.
Yours,
Li Hua
2017届高中毕业班第一次统一检测题
英语科参考答案 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节， 满分40分） 第一节：阅读理解
21—23 AAC     24---27 DCBD    28---31  BCBD    32-35  BCAD第二节（七选五） 36-40 GBCEF第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节， 满分45分）第一节 完型填空 （共20小题；每小题1.5分，满分30分）41-45 CBDAC  46-50 BACAB  51-55 DBDCA  56-60 BCDAD
第二节 语法填空 （ 共10小题；每小题1.5分， 满分15分） 61 working   62 an   63 closer/closely   64 dressed  65 toward\towards\to
66 was giving   67 whose  68 warmth   69 troubles  70．me短文改错（每小题1分）：∧ the US from Germany, I took a college course in the
to                                        删去
French. Since I have learned to speak German good in Germany, I thought that it
might be interested to begin studying another language.
interesting
In the first class, the teacher asked me to do a pronunciation exercise, in which he
us
would say a word or two in French, and each student would do his best to copy.

When he got me, he kept having me said more words, but I finally asked him why. " I
say           and
find it great funs. It's the first time I've heard the American speak French with a
fun                        an
German accent." he explained.

【答案】Dear Ken,
Thank you for your letter. Now I am writing to tell you my life and studies at my new school.
I am now living in a dormitory, which is shared by eight students. Although we come from different places, we are living in great harmony. Together we learn to take care of ourselves and we often help each other with everyday life. I really enjoy my school life. Besides, I am getting along quite well with my studies. All my teachers are experienced in teaching and patient with us students, and their classes are always interesting and vivid. Because of this, I am more and more interested in my studies and have made some progress in my poorest subject, English. In a word, I am quite pleased with my present school life and studies.
How are you doing these days? Please tell me in your next letter.
Yours,                                                                         Li Hua

1．本题总分为25分，按5个档次给分。
2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。
3．词数少于80和多于120的，从总分中减去2分。
4．评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连贯性。
5．拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。
6．如书写较差以至影响交际，将其分数降低一个档次。

－ 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。
－ 语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。
－ 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。
－ 较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。

－ 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。
－ 语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。
－ 较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。
－ 缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。

0分

1．内容要点可用不同方式表达。
2．应紧扣主题，可适当发挥。