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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2017届高考英语二轮复习随堂训练:单项填空 11特殊句式和主谓一致(含解析)

2017届高考英语二轮复习随堂训练:单项填空 11特殊句式和主谓一致(含解析)

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随堂训练
1. (2015·宁波三模)Was it the language or something else______made it hard for you to adapt to the life there? 
A. that    B. which    C. when    D. it
【解析】选A。考查强调句。句意: 是语言还是别的问题使你很难适应那儿的生活? 分析句子成分可知, 问句为强调句的一般疑问句形式, 故用that。
2. (2015·温州二模)Hardly to believe. It is a swing______President Xi Jinping and the First Lady played on together______they visited India. 
A. that; when	B. where; when
C. which; while								D. that; during
【解析】选A。句意: 很难相信。当习近平主席和第一夫人访问印度时他们一起在秋千上玩。第一空填that构成强调句式, 此处强调宾语; 第二空为when引导的时间状语从句。
3. (2015·徐州模拟)In my opinion, Mr White______good to his students in his class at present. 
A. does does	B. does did
C. does do										D. did do
【解析】选C。句意: 依我看, 怀特先生目前对班里的学生确实很好。由at present“目前, 现在”可排除D项; 此题考查助动词do加强语气, 强调谓语。
4. We should keep in mind that the earth is our only home and only by saving the environment ______ ourselves. 
A. we can save	B. can we save
C. we must save								D. must we save
【解析】选B。考查倒装句。句意: 我们应铭记的是, 地球是我们唯一的家园, 只有拯救环境才能拯救我们自己。分析句子结构可知, only置于分句句首, 故用部分倒装结构。
5. With a telescope, you can see on the top of the mountain______. 
A. lies a few stone lions	B. lie a few stone lions
C. does a few stone lions lie					D. do a few stone lions lie
【解析】选B。考查倒装和主谓一致。介词短语“on the top of the mountain”提前, 句子要用全部倒装结构, 由此可排除C、D两项。主语为a few stone lions为复数, 谓语动词应用lie。
6. Nothing but some ancient Chinese coins ______ in the sunken ship since they began the exploration. 
A. has found									B. has been found
C. had been found								D. have been found
【解析】选B。考查时态、语态及主谓一致。but表示“除了”, 后接名词或代词用于主语后时, 谓语动词的单复数形式根据前面的主语而定, 因此这里要用单数形式, 排除D项; 根据“since they began the exploration”可知, 主句应用现在完成时, 排除C项; 此处find和nothing之间是动宾关系, 因此用被动语态。故选B。
7. —Hi, are you an engineer in Lenovo Group? 
—No, but I______. 
A. want to										B. want to be
C. want so										D. want it
【解析】选B。考查省略。答话人想成为联想集团的工程师, 答语是“No, but I want to be an engineer in Lenovo Group. ”的省略形式。当不定式后有be时, be不可省略。故选B。
8. Mr Wang must have watched the film Furious 7 last night, ____? 
A. mustn’t he		B. hasn’t he
C. didn’t he									D. needn’t he
【解析】选C。考查反意疑问句。句意: 王先生昨天晚上肯定看过了电影《速度与激情7》, 是吧? 如情态动词must+have done表对过去的推测且有明显的表示过去的时间状语时, 用did构成反意疑问句; 根据反意疑问句中的前肯后否原则, 可知为C。
【知识拓展】
陈述句含有情态动词must有两种情况: 
(1)must表示“必须”, 反意疑问句部分为mustn’t. . . ? / needn’t. . . ? 
He must study hard at English, mustn’t he? /needn’t he? 
You must go home now, needn’t you? /mustn’t you? 
We mustn’t be late, must we? 
(2)must表示推测“一定, 肯定”, 反意疑问句部分与must后面的动词呼应。若用must对过去的动作推测时, 反意疑问句部分的助动词用did或have; 而对过去的状态推测, 反意疑问句部分的be动词用was。
You must be joking, aren’t you? 
He must be ill, isn’t he? 
She must have finished her work, hasn’t she? /didn’t she? 
Jack must have arrived here yesterday, didn’t he? 
He must have been a policeman, wasn’t he? 
9. Lessons, when______in fun ways, will certainly inspire the students’ interest. 
A. organizing								B. to be organized
C. to organize								D. organized
【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词的用法。句意: 课程, 被以有趣的方式组织好时, 当然会激发学生的学习兴趣。此处是when与过去分词连用作状语, 句子的主语lessons是organize的动作承受者, 且动作已经发生, 应用过去分词。
10. —Mr Tito’s journey was certainly unusual! 
—________he chose, and the price of his trip. 
A. So did the transport					B. So the transport was
C. So was the transport					D. So the transport did
【解析】选C。考查倒装。句意: ——Mr Tito的旅行肯定不一般! ——他选择的交通工具也不一般, 旅行的价格也是如此。当前文的肯定情况适合于另外的事或人时, 就使用so引导的部分倒装句: So+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语+其他。根据句意可知答语为The transport he chose was also unusual. . . 。故选C项。
【加固训练】
He is a good cook at home and takes good care of the children, and______his wife. 
A. so does									B. so is
C. the same is true with					D. so it is with
【解析】选D。考查so的固定用法。句意: 他在家是好的厨师, 并能很好地照顾孩子, 他妻子也是。表示“某人也是”, 一般是so引导的倒装句, 但是如果前面的句子是并列句或是复合句, 就用so it is with sb. 或it is the same with sb. 。故选D项。
【知识拓展】表示“也”的倒装
(1)So+系动词、情态动词或助动词+主语
此句型为倒装结构, 其主语与上文句子中的主语是不同的。so代表上句中陈述的肯定内容。其中系动词、情态动词或助动词必须与上句中的谓语动词保持时态的一致,意为“也是如此”。例如: 
—I like playing basketball. 我喜欢打篮球。
—So do I. (=I like playing basketball, too. )我也喜欢。(第一句中的I与第二句中的I不是同一人)
注意: ①上句可以用: “So it is/was with+宾格”这一句型替换。
—I like playing basketball. 
—So it is with me. 
②此句型只用于肯定句。否定句要用“neither/nor+系动词、情态动词或助动词+主语”或“So it is with+宾格”结构。
—He can’t speak Russian. 他不会讲俄语。
—Neither/Nor can I. 或者So it is with me. (=I can’t speak Russian, either. )我也不会讲俄语。
③但是当前面句中含有两个以上不同种类的谓语动词或前句中是两个分句, 而主语不同时, 只能用“So+it+is/was+with+宾格”结构。
—Tom likes swimming, but doesn’t like fishing. 
汤姆喜欢游泳而不喜欢钓鱼。
—So it is with Jim. 吉姆也是如此。
(2)So+主语+系动词、情态动词或助动词
这个答语是对上文所说的情况加以肯定。其中so的意义相当于indeed, certainly。表示“的确如此, 确实这样”。
—He works hard. 他工作努力。
—So he does, and so does his brother. 
他确实是这样, 他兄弟也是如此。













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