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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 【课堂新坐标】2016-2017学年高一英语北师大版必修2练习:Unit 4《Cyberspace》Section Ⅳ(含解析)

【课堂新坐标】2016-2017学年高一英语北师大版必修2练习:Unit 4《Cyberspace》Section Ⅳ(含解析)

资料类别: 英语/同步

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Section Ⅳ Virtual Tourism

根据提示写出下列单词1.tourism n.观光游览2.guide n.	导游向导;指南3.locate vt.	坐落于;位于4.settle vi.	定居5.settlement n.	(新)定居地6.central adj.	中央的中心的7.zone n.	地域地区8.volcano n.	火山9.harbour n.	海港10.view n.	景色风景11.sunshine n.	阳光12.average adj.	平均的平均数13.regular adj.	定期的;规则的14.steel n.	钢钢铁15.material n.	材料原料
根据提示补全下列短语1.have a population         ...有…2.be located         	位于坐落于3.go         (to)	回到;追溯到……
4.as well         	也又5.plenty         	许多6.         first sight	初看一看见(就)
7.be known         	被认为是;作为而闻名8.         average	平均一般地9.protest         	反对抗议10.move         	搬到移至【答案】 1.of 2.on/in 3.back 4.as 5.of 7.as 8.on 9.against 10.to
根据提示补全下列教材原句1.It is also the most exciting city in New Zealand               .它也是一个最激动人心的新西兰城市具有多元文化的人们生活在那儿。2.In 1985,the New Zealand government                        and since then Auckland has been a centre for protest against nuclear testing in Asia Pacific.
在1985年新西兰政府把全国变成无核区自那以后奥克兰成为亚洲太平洋地区反对核实验的中心。3.                 between Auckland and the rest of New Zealand.
从奥克兰到新西兰其他地方的旅行是很便利的。【答案】 1.with people of many different cultures living there 2.made the whole country a nuclear­free zone 3.It is easy to travel
 阅读P教材课文选择最佳答案1.The author wrote the passage mainly to      .2.It was      who first built Auckland.
A.the Europeans	B.the Britishthe Asians
3. What might a traveller not see in Auckland?  
A.Volcanoes.
B.Nuclear weapons.
C.The Auckland Harbour Bridge.
D.The Sky Tower.4.The capital of New Zealand moved from Auckland to Wellington mainly because of Auckland's      .【答案】 1-4 CCBD 阅读P课文在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式nd.It has a population of just under a million people and is 1.        (locate)on North Island.
Auckland has a history of 650 years when the Maoris 2.        (settle) there.The British arrived in 1840,and then European settlement began.Auckland had been the capital of New Zealand before the capital 3.        (move)to Wellington.
Here there are many famous sights,4.        (include)Mt Eden,the Auckland Harbour Bridge,the Parnell Village,the Sky Tower,as well 5.       the Auckland Museum,6.         you can see Maori dances.
Auckland is 7.  (call)“the city of sails”because it has 8.        (many)boats than anywhere else in the world.It has a warm climate with plenty of sunshine and some of the best beaches 9.         doing water sports.
It is easy to travel between Auckland and the rest of New Zealand 10.          
air.However,flights from Europe take over twenty­four hours and are expensive.
【答案】 1.located 2.settled 3.moved 4.including 5.as 6.where 7.called 8.more 9.for 10.by
 (教材P)It has a population of just under a million people and is located on North Island.
这座城市人口不到一百万位于北岛。(1)have a population of...有……人口(朗文辞典)India has a population of more than one billion.印度人口超过10亿。
(1)population作主语时谓语动词多用单数但是当其前面有分数或百分数修饰时谓语动词的单复数要根据后面的表语来确定。(2)population指的是人口“整体”所以表示人口的“多少”不用many或little修饰而用large或small。(3)表示“有多少人口”用have a population of...结构。(4)在提问“人口多少”时用What is the population of...?句型。
②80% of China's population are peasants thirty years ago.
三十年前中国80%的人口是农民。你的家乡有多少人口?(2)locate vt.使……坐落
(1)locate sth.	确定某物的位置找出某物的场所把某物建(设置)在……(=lie in/on/to...)位于……(2)location n.	位置;场所
④The company locates its headquarters in Shanghai.
这家公司把总部建在了上海。building is located in a business centre.
该大楼位于商业中心。(2015·安徽高考·阅读理解C)Surprisingly令人吃惊的是人们后来记住文件夹的位置远远好于一些确切的情况。 settle vi.定居 使定居;解决;使平静;使镇定;解决(问题、纠纷等)(教材P)The history of the city goes back 650 years when the Maoris settled in the area.
这个城市的历史可以追溯到毛利人在这定居的650年前。 写出下列句子中settle的意思settle their quarrel and become friends.	        
②He settled in the country after his retirement.	        
③After the excitement I tried to settle myself down.	        
【答案】 ①解决 ②定居 ③使平静
(1)settle in	在……安家定居落户迁入(新居)定居过安定的日子;(使)平静下来(2)settler n.	定居者(3)settlement n.	(新)定居地
④(2015·湖北高考·阅读理解C)Most radio stations settled in the large villas in the leafy areas of the town.大多数电台位于城镇的绿叶面积多的一些大的别墅里。 country.
我决定在这个国家定居。 
 as well as也又(教P14)Famous sights include Mt Eden,one of many large volcanoes,as well as the Auckland Harbour Bridge.
著名景点包括大火山之一的伊顿山以及奥克兰海港大桥。(2015·四川高考·阅读理解E)Researchers found small amounts of fat研究人员发现了少量的脂肪以及大量的石头和路径的遗迹。
(1)as well as 有时位于句首相当于介词的作用。(2)as well as 连接并列谓语时前后时态与形式保持一致。如果第一个谓语是一般现在时或一般过去时之后可与前面一致(3)当主语后面与“as well as+名词/代词”连用时谓语动词与第一个主语保持一致。(4)as well as也可表示比较意为“和……一样好”。(5)as well表示“也又”的意思通常用于句末相当于too。
②He as well as his brothers is coming to see you.
他和他的兄弟们要来看你。刘德华既是一位著名影星也是一名歌手。 view n.景色;风景;观点;视野 看待(教材P)In the city,you can enjoy an amazing view  from the Sky Tower,which is the city's tallest Tower.
在市内你可以从城市最高塔——天空塔上欣赏到壮丽的景色。 写出下列句子中view的意思view of life has changed a lot since three years ago.
	观点view of the city.	景色en he opened the window,a stranger with a high hat came into view.
	视野view the movie before it was released.	观看view the problem in many ways.	看待
(1)in view	在视野中在某人看来考虑到鉴于(2)come into view	看得见出现
⑥In my view,there is too much violence on TV.
就我看来电视上暴力行为太多。人民英雄纪念碑映[明辨异同] sight/view/scene/scenery既可指场景、眼前看到的景观又可以指名胜、风景只是在表示后者含义时必须要用复数。与view或scenery最大的不同就在于当sight指景物时它多指某地特有的名胜。常指从远处或高处一眼望去所看到的景色是scenery或scene的一部分。指展现在眼前的场景包括景物中的人及活动在内。指某地总的自然风景或景色尤指美丽的乡间景色是不可数名词。 sight        .        of the stage.
There are many beautiful         in the out­of­town park. 
⑪Guilin is world famous for her fine         .【答案】 ⑧sight ⑨view scenes scenery
 average adj.平均的;普通的;平常的 .平均水平;平均数 .平均为;计算出……的平均数(教材P)It has a warm climate with plenty of sunshine—the average temperature in January (summer) is 23.4℃...
(奥克兰)此地气23.4摄氏度……(2015·广东高考·完形填空)In 1900average American life span(寿命)was only 47 years年美国人的平均寿命是只有47岁但今天已是75岁!
on average	平均起来;平均而言接近平均水平平均有……(the) average	高于/低于平均水平达到平均水平
②(2015·重庆高考·单项填空)Last year was the warmest year on record去年是有记录以来最温暖的一年全球的气温比平均值高出0.68摄氏度。ents in a class in our school on average.我们学校平均每个班有五十名学生。 regular adj.定期的;规则的(教材P)There are regular international flights,too.
也有很多定期的国际航班。(2015·湖南高考·阅读理解C)Inspections were a regular part of lighthouse living检查是灯塔生命的常规部分(如同)一个主人的名声取决于结果。
regularly adv.	有规律地;正常地;往常不整齐的;无规律的
②Take the medicine regularly three times a day.
这药一天三次定时服用。[明辨异同] regular/formal/normal/usual定期的有规律的反义词为irregular。正式的礼仪的反义词为informal。正常的健abnormal。指惯常的平时的往常的强调平时的习惯反义词为unusual。 regular,formal,normal,usual
③Shall we meet at the         time and place?
④This letter is written in a          style.
⑤I am a        reader of this newspaper.
⑥It is         to feel lonely sometimes.
【答案】 ③usual ④formal ⑤regular ⑥normal be known as 被认为是;作为……而闻名(教材P)It is also known as “the city of sails” because of all the boats there.因为那儿有各种船只所以它还以“风帆之都”而闻名。
(1)be known as被称作……以……著称以……知名;被认为是……后接表示身份的名词。(2)be known for因……而著名后接内容表示某人/物的(3)be known to为……所了解/知道后接表示人的词语。(4)be known by凭……而知表示手段或标准作“通过按照”讲。
①Mozart was known for his exceptional talent with music.
莫扎特是以他在音乐上无与伦比的造诣而出名。2015·江苏高考·单项填空)Where Li Baiis known to the public,but some won't accept it.
中国伟大诗人李白的出生地大家都知道但是一些人不接受。[语境助记] is known as an actor,is known for his excellent acting skills.His New Year film is known to us all.
作为一个演员葛优以他出色的演技闻名。他的贺岁片也为我们所有人所熟知。
Ⅰ.语境填词1.The          had just          down when they found another problem which was hard             .(settle) 
2It's important to exercise   ,and you may also know that        exercise helps keep your weight down.(regular)
3.His apartment is          right in the center of town,a really good         .(locate)4.The town is always full of          in summer,most of whom like cycling          to relax themselves,so it depends on          for much of its income.(tour)
5.Tom is an experienced mountain          and we managed to get to the top of a high mountain under his         .(guide)【答案】 1.settlers;settled;to settle 2.regularly;regular 3.located;location 4.tourists;tours;tourism 5.guide;guidance选词填空ation of;be located in;go back(to);as well as;plenty of;at first sight;be known as;on average1.Edison                  a great inventor.
2.Our English teacher is good at teaching                kind to us students.
3.A growing child needs                sleep.
4.Mount Tai                the middle of Shandong Province.
5.The history of the church                the twentieth century.
【答案】 1.is known as 2.as well as 3.plenty of 4.is located in 5.goes back to
 (教材P)It is also the most exciting city in New Zealand with people of many different cultures living there . 它也是一个最激动人心的新西兰城市具有多元文化的人们生活在那儿。【要点提炼】 with people of many different cultures living there是“with+宾语+宾补”结构其中宾补是现在分词。
“with+宾语+宾语补足语”的形式可以在句中作状语或者作定语常见结构如下:+宾语+ 
①He entered the classroom with a magazine in his hand.
他手里拿着一本杂志进了教室。(2015·安徽高考·阅读理解B)Their expanding business became a large corporation in 1996(work)together.
安的三代人一起工作在1996年他们的业务拓展成为一个大公司。 do(do).有那么多的作业要做我只好熬夜。[名师点津] 复合结构的难点在于现在分词、过去分词和动词不定式作宾语补足语的区别。现在分 (教材P)In 1985,the New Zealand government made the whole country a nuclear­free zone and since then Auckland has been a centre for protest against nuclear testing in Asia Pacific.
在1985年新西兰政府把全国变成无核区自那以后奥克兰成为亚洲太平洋地区反对核实验的中心。【要点提炼】 made the whole country a nuclear­free zone 是“make+宾a nuclear­free zone是名词短语作宾语补足语。made him our monitor.
我们选他当班长。
make复合结构常见形式有:
+宾语+ 
②The heavy rain made it impossible for us to go out.
大雨使得我们无法出去。 more beautiful.
他们使圣诞树看起来更漂亮了。[名师点津] 这一结构如果变成被动语态时不能to,即为:sb.be made to do sth.当表示官职、职位的名词作宾补时名词前不用冠词。宾语为不定式短语或从句时常用形式宾语it而真正的宾语后置。
句型转换1.After they finished the work,they went for an outing.
→With the work finished,they went for an outing.
2.The teacher made every student understand that.
→Every student was made to understand that.
3.Followed by a lot of people,he felt a sense of achievement.
→With a lot of people following him,he felt a sense of achievement. 














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