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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 【课堂新坐标】2016-2017学年高二英语人教版选修8学业分层测评:Unit2 Section Ⅳ Grammar & Writing (含解析)]

【课堂新坐标】2016-2017学年高二英语人教版选修8学业分层测评:Unit2 Section Ⅳ Grammar & Writing (含解析)]

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学业分层测评
Ⅰ.完成句子
1.他们两个睡了整整三个小时。
They_two slept for three hours.
2.然后传来命令,每个人在中午前要离开村子。
Then came the order that everyone (should) leave the village before noon.
3.他对物理考试失败的消息感到难过。
He was cast down by the news that he had failed the physics exam.
4.随着时间的推进,哪支队伍会赢得这场比赛的疑问消失了。
With time going on,the doubt which team would win disappeared. 

5.我不知道他们多久会来。
I have no idea how_soon_they_are_coming.
Ⅱ.阅读理解
A
Authors Kyle Kurpinski and Terry	D.Johnson pretty much have me convinced that human cloning is quite possible and is a future certainty.Kurpinski and Johnson are both bioengineering experts; unlike similar scientists you have seen in the movies,they both have a sense of humor.What surprises me is that Kurpinski  and  Johnson  are  able  to  take  something  as complicated as DNA and make it understandable.
The book How to Defeat Your Own Clone teaches us what is now known as DNA­encoded, how that happens, and why people with similar DNA don't look or act the same.The book not only helps us get a basic understanding of what DNA and its purpose are, but also explains cloning and stem cell (干细胞)research.It occurs to me that a lot of people who are against stem cell research don't know what they are protesting about.The authors provide a history of cloning, as well as information about stem cells.
The real fun starts when the authors attack various myths about cloning.Obviously, too many people have been watching too many bad movies  and  television programs.Remember they're just fictional stories.If, somehow, scientists manage to clone you.Twenty years from now your clone isn't going to kill you.Among the myths explored and exploded are that a clone will know everything you know and will act as you do, that heads which are cut off can be kept alive, and that a clone has no belly button (肚脐).Many of the myths are ridiculous but many people believe them.
Kurpinski and Johnson also detail some bio­improvements “that really work”.You see, genes can be controlled to help you sleep better and become smarter, healthier, and taller.Well...not exactly you,but future generations.
If you do wind up in a battle with your own clone, who will be considerably younger than you, remember that it is not you and that it doesn't know what you know.
【语篇解读】 本文主要介绍How to Defeat Your Own Clone这本书的情况及其他一些感想。
1.Many bioengineering experts in the movies are ________.
A.humorous    	B.wealthy
C.serious 	D.crazy
【解析】 推理判断题。从第一段的“unlike similar scientists you have seen in the movies,they both have a sense of humor”可知电影中的生物工程学家一般都是没有幽默感的。
【答案】 C
2.Which of the following things are in the book How to Defeat Your Own Clone?
a.What DNA and its purpose are.
b.Who is against cloning.
c.The history of cloning.
d.The myths about cloning.
e.The disadvantages of cloning.
A.a,b,e 	B.a,c,d
C.b,d,e 	D.b,c,d
【解析】 细节理解题。从第二段的“The book not only helps us get a basic understanding of what DNA and its purpose are...The authors provide a history of cloning...”及第三段的“The real fun starts when the authors attack various myths about cloning.”可知答案。
【答案】 B
3.We can learn from the passage that biotechnology________.
A.has been banned in many countries around the world
B.is being used to improve one's intelligence right now
C.can help improve the physical condition of future generations
D.is sure to cure any disease in the near future
【解析】 推理判断题。从第四段的“...genes can be controlled to help you sleep better and become smarter,healthier,and taller.Well...not exactly you,but future generations.”可知C项正确。
【答案】 C
4.According to the passage, a clone of you________.
A.will want to kill you
B.knows whatever you know
C.has no belly button
D.will be younger than you
【解析】 细节理解题。从最后一段的“who will be considerably younger than you”可知D项正确。
【答案】 D
B
Death is natural, but do you have any idea of the process of dying? Modern scientists divide the process of dying into two phases—clinical or temporary death and biological death.Clinical death occurs when the vital organs, such as the heart or lungs, have ceased to function, but have not suffered permanent damage.The organism can still be revived(复活).Biological death occurs when changes in the organism lead to the “breaking up” of vital cells and tissues.Death is then unchangeable and final.
Scientists have been seeking a way to prolong the period of clinical death so that the organism can remain alive before biological death occurs.The best method developed so far involves cooling of the organism, combined with narcotic sleep.By slowing down the body's metabolism(新陈代谢), cooling delays the processes leading to biological death.
To illustrate how this works, scientists performed an experiment on a six­year­old female monkey called Keta.The scientist put Keta to sleep with a narcotic.Then they surrounded her body with ice­bags and began checking her body temperature.When it had dropped to 28 degrees the scientists began draining blood from an artery.The monkey's blood pressure decreased and an hour later both the heart and breathing stopped: clinical death set in.For twenty minutes Keta remained in this state.Her temperature dropped to 22 degrees.At this point the scientists pumped blood into an artery in the direction of the heart and started artificial breathing.After two minutes Keta's heart became active once more.After fifteen minutes, spontaneous(自发的)breathing began, and after four hours Keta opened her eyes and lifted her head.After six hours, when the scientists tried to give her a penicillin injection, Keta seized the syringe and ran with it around the room.Her behavior differed little from that of a healthy animal.
【语篇解读】 本文介绍了两种死亡的形式:临床死亡和生物死亡。并介绍了一个使用猴子进行的实验来证明临床死亡的人或者动物是可以复活的。
5.For a person who suffers from the clinical death,________.
A.his most important organs are damaged
B.he still has the possibility of getting back to life
C.he can not avoid final death
D.he is still very much alive
【解析】 细节理解题。根据文章第一段第三句“Clinical death occurs when the vital organs, such as the heart or lungs, have ceased to function, but have not suffered permanent damage.The organism can still be revived(复活).”可知临床死亡只是一种暂时性死亡,各种器官仍然有可能复活。也就是说临床死亡的人仍然有复活的机会。故B正确。
【答案】 B
6.Scientists try to make the time of clinical death longer in order to ________.
A.slow down the body's metabolism
B.bring vital cells and tissues back to active life
C.cool the organism
D.delay the coming of biological death
【解析】 细节理解题。根据文章第二段第一句“Scientists have been seeking a way to prolong the period of clinical death so that the organism can remain alive before biological death occurs.”可知科学家努力延长临床死亡的时间,就是为了争取时间以延迟生物死亡,也就是真正的死亡的时间,以此争取到复活的机会。故D正确。
【答案】 D
7.How did the scientists put Keta into clinical death?
A.By putting her to sleep, lowering her temperature and draining her blood.
B.By surrounding her body with ice­bags and draining her blood.
C.By lowing her blood pressure and stopping her heart from beating.
D.By draining her blood, lowering her blood pressure and stopping her breathing.
【解析】 细节理解题。根据第三段第二、三句“The scientist put Keta to sleep with a narcotic.Then they surrounded her body with ice­bags and began checking her body temperature.When it had dropped to 28 degrees the scientists began draining blood from an artery.”科学家先让Keta睡觉,然后再降低温度,再抽血。以此让它进入临床死亡状态。故A正确。
【答案】 A
8.All of the following indicate that the monkey has almost restored to her original physical state EXCEPT the fact that________.
A.her heart beat again
B.she regained her normal breath
C.she rejected a penicillin injection
D.she acted as lively as a healthy monkey
【解析】 细节理解题。根据文章最后一段“After two minutes Keta's heart became active once more.After fifteen minutes, spontaneous(自发的)breathing began, and after four hours Keta opened her eyes and lifted her head.”可知它的心脏重新开始跳动,有了自发呼吸,同时和其他健康的猴子一样活动。这些现象都说明它复活了。C项中它扔掉注射器这并不能说明它复活。与其余三项相比这一项是复活以后的后续行为。故C正确。
【答案】 C
Ⅲ.语法填空
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入合适的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Many years ago there was such a child with the name Hokey 1.______ father brought home a mirror.Hokey had never seen one before so when he saw it for 2.______ first time, he didn't understand 3.______ it was, but he saw another boy in the mirror, which made him very happy, for he thought the boy had come to play with him.He spoke to the stranger in a very friendly way, but received no reply.He laughed and waved at the boy, who did 4.______(exact) the same thing.Then he thought, “I'll go closer.It may be because he doesn't hear me.” But when he began to talk, the other boy imitated him.
Hokey stopped 5.______(think) about these strange actions, saying to himself,“This boy is fooling me.He does everything that I do.” The more he thought about it, the 6.______(angry)he became and soon he noticed the boy became very angry too.So Hokey 7.______(strike) the boy in the glass, but he only hurt his own hand and went 8.______(cry) to his father, who said, “The boy you saw was 9.______ image.This should teach you an important lesson, my son.You should never show your anger to others.Now remember that in real life when you strike 10.______ cause you will hurt yourself most of all.”
1.whose 本题定语从句的先行词是a child,在定语从句中关系代词whose指代先行词在句中充当定语修饰名词father。
2.the 短语for the first time第一次。
3.what 连词what引导宾语从句充当动词understand的宾语,并在句中作表语。
4.exactly 在英语中通常使用副词充当状语来修饰动词,本句中exactly修饰动词短语did the same thing。
5.to think 短语stop to do sth.停下来去做另外一件事。
6.angrier 句式:The+比较级,the+比较级。句意:他想得越多, 就越生气。
7.struck 本文叙述的是过去发生的事情,所以都要使用一般过去式。
8.crying 句意:于是他就打了镜子里的男孩,但是他伤到了自己的手,就哭着跑向爸爸。动词cry和句子主语he之间构成主动关系,所以使用现在分词充当伴随状语。
9.your 你看见的男孩是你的样子。使用形容词性物主代词your修饰名词image。
10.without 考查介词。句意:现在请记住在生活中,当你没有理由就打,最可能伤害到自己。根据句意可知使用否定意义的介词without,表示条件。
Ⅳ.短文改错
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
(2016·吉林省吉林一中高二上学期月考)When I first learned to write in English, I run into many difficulties.The main problem was in that I always thought in Chinese but tried to translate everything into Chinese.My teacher advised me to keep diaries.I followed her advices.Happily it worked.Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English.One day I wrote a short story and showed to my teacher.She liked it very much that she read it to the class.Everyone said the story was the good one.I was great encouraged by their words. 
【答案】 When I first learned to write in English, I  into many difficulties.The main problem was   that I always thought in Chinese  tried to translate everything into Chinese.My teacher advised me to keep diaries.I followed her .Happily it worked.Soon I began to enjoy  to myself on paper as I was learning to express  in simple English.One day I wrote a short story and showed   to my teacher.She liked it  much that she read it to the class.Everyone said the story was  good one.I was  encouraged by their words.














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