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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:题型6 书面表达 第3讲 四档升五档要点呈现“有花样”

2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:题型6 书面表达 第3讲 四档升五档要点呈现“有花样”

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 名 师 解 读 从“第四档”与“第五档”的评分标准来看,四档与五档的评分标准差别是微小的,主要集中在“亮点词汇”、“亮点句式”、“过渡衔接”、“行文结构”等一些能力层级上,虽然这两个档次的评分标准区别比较细微,但四档与五档的分差却成为考生成绩平庸与优异的分水岭。 五档评分标准中有“覆盖所有内容要点”,这表明“要点全而不漏”是作文得高分的必要条件。 第五档中提到,“应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。”这就是说,如果考生仅运用基础词汇和基本句型,不能体现出较强的语言运用能力,即使表达无语法错误,也不一定能得高分;相反,即使文章中有少量错误,如果是因为使用复杂结构或较高级词汇所致,文章仍可按最高档次给分。 第五档中“有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑”,这表明恰当运用过渡性词语可以使文章结构紧凑,过渡自然,从而提高得分档次。 “冤屈的”四档作文(得分18分) Dear Henry,         The Chinese paper­cutting art exhibition is to be held in the art gallery next Sunday in our city center, which lasts from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.I’m writing to invite you to attend it.Paper­cutting is a traditional art form in China and it has a history of more than 1,500 years.People often use it to decorate their home during festivals and weddings.In this exhibition, you can see all kinds of paper­cutting patterns.In addition, some famous artists will perform how to cut paper on the spot.I wish that you could grasp this opportunity to learn traditional Chinese culture further.Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 升格后的五档作文(得分24分) Dear Henry,         I am writing to invite you to attend the Chinese paper­cutting art exhibition to be held in the art gallery from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm next Sunday in our city center.         Paper­cutting is a traditional art form in China, which has a history of more than 1,500 years.People often beautify their home with paper­cutting during festivals and weddings.In this exhibition, you can see paper­cutting with all kinds of patterns.In addition, there are famous artists who will perform how to cut paper on the spot.I wish that you could grasp this opportunity to learn traditional Chinese culture further.         Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua 名 师 点 评       左栏作文要点全面、语言准确,而且使用了非谓语动词、复合句以及虚拟语气等,总体来说是一篇相当不错的作文。但是,文章没有分段,缺少框架意识,把所有内容混搭在一起,给阅卷老师判卷带来了困难,从而影响了得分。       升格后的右栏作文分成了三段:第一段介绍了展览的时间、地点并发出邀请;第二段对剪纸艺术进行了较为详细的介绍;第三段期待对方的回信。这样就段落分明、结构清晰,评分自然就会高。而且右栏的第一段用了一句话就把艺术展的有关事宜介绍的非常清楚,从而显示了作者的功底,给阅卷老师留下了良好的第一印象。另外beautify的使用恰到好处,which引导的定语从句以及there be结构加定语从句的使用都为文章增添了色彩,使之成为了一篇优秀作文。 求职信 I’m writing to apply for the position of ...或Learning from ..., I’d like to apply for the post ... 咨询信 I’m writing to inquire/ask for some information about ... 感谢信 I’m writing to express my thanks for ...或I’d like to convey my heartfelt thanks to you for ... 建议信 I’m writing to express my view concerning ... 投诉信 I’m writing to complain about ... 道歉信 I’m writing to make an apology to you for ... 邀请信 I’m writing to tell you that there will be a ...Would you like to ...? 求职信 I would be grateful if you could consider my application.  I hope to have the opportunity of an interview. 咨询信 I’m waiting for your early reply. 感谢信 I must thank you again for your generous help.  Please accept my gratitude, now and always. 建议信 In the end, I will be very glad if you find my suggestions useful. I hope you will find these suggestions practical. I’ll appreciate you taking my suggestions into account. 投诉信 I’d appreciate it if you ...as soon as possible. 邀请信 I’m looking forward to your participation. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * [析评分标准,]










	第四档(16~20分)		考
纲
表
述	完成了试题规定的任务。—虽漏掉一两个次重点,但覆盖所有。—应用的语法结构和词汇能。—语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或。—应用语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。了预期的写作目的。	










	第五档(21~25分)		考
纲
表
述	完全完成了试题规定的任务。—覆盖要点。—应用了的语法结构和词汇。—语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或;具备较强的语言运用能力。—使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。了预期的写作目的。	










第3讲      四档升五档,要点呈现“有花样”










确保要点“全而不漏”是作文得高分的必要条件,但要想作文提升一个档次,就要在“不漏要点”的前提下在表述上独辟蹊径,对要点适当扩充,使之富有想象;并对要写的内容合理布局,使之层次清晰。做到他人无,我有;他人干瘪空洞,我意蕴丰满;他人平铺直叙,我引人入胜。在对要点的组织呈现上,要力避流水账式的写作方式,不落俗套的、有点“花样”的写作往往能赢得阅卷老师的青睐!





















(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)假定你是李华,想邀请外教Henry一起参观中国剪纸(paper­cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:
1.展览时间、地点;     2.展览内容。
注意:1.词数100左右;   2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。





















一、开头结尾,不落俗套——亮人一点
近三年高考全国八套卷的书面表达都是书信,其开放性越来越强。书信最显著的特点除格式外,就是开头段和结尾段。“头好一半文”“尾好更添韵”说的就是开头和结尾的重要性。










1.常见书信开头段的写法——开门见山
英语书信的特点是开门见山,用简洁的语言引出文章的主题,使读者清楚文章要说什么。
在书信写作中我们可用Im writing to do sth.来表示目的;用Id like to do sth.来表示叙述。常用的书信开头:










2.——表示期待
在书信的结尾处我们常使用一些功能句式,向对方表示友善的感谢或亲切的问候,表达愿望或期待等。除了“Im looking forward to ...”之外,常用的结尾有:










二、,——高人一筹
在试题“注意”中有明确规定:1.词数100左右;2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。这里既规定了词数,又指定了充实文章的方法,即“适当增加细节”,从而可避免文章要点的罗列和行文的平铺直叙,增强文章的可读性。
下面介绍几种常见的“扩充要点”的方法。










1.追加成分
在要点基础上适当增加合乎逻辑的附加成分,如定语(从句)、状语(从句)、非谓语动词、独立主格结构等,不仅增加了词数,而且使表达更清晰、准确,主题更突出。










[典例1] (开设英语电影欣赏课)建议多选择英语电影。
As a young student, I suggest that the teacher should choose more English films that appeal to us teenagers, thus making English learning more interesting.










[典例2] (演讲注意事项)要面带微笑;要讲慢些,讲清楚。
Be sure to wear a smile on your face when you speak, which will make you relaxed.Besides, remember to speak slowly and clearly so that you can leave a good impression on the audience and judges.










2.补加语句
根据行文走向,适当增加一些与主题相关的语句,或由要点衍生的句子,既能起到前引后联的作用,又能补充一些相关信息,帮助读者理解所写内容。










[典例1] (提醒考生注意)要按时进入考场。
Be sure to enter the examination room on time.Whoever is late won’t be allowed to enter.
[典例2] (谈论善款用途)由慈善拍卖募捐得来的钱将送给急需的人。
The money collected in the charity sale will be sent to those in great need.This will not only help them through difficulties, but also give them warmth and happiness.










3.添加过渡
根据行文或段落需要,在句与句或段与段之间适当增加一些承上启下的过渡性词语,以及过渡句,可以使文章浑然一体,同时也能充实文章。










[典例] 话题:是否禁止广场舞
I dont think square dancing should be forbidden.The reasons are as follows.First of all/To begin with, dancing is a good way to take exercise, which can help people to build themselves up.It also provides a chance for people to communicate with each other.What’s more, the square is a good place for people to work out.





















Ⅰ.词数扩充作文










[题目要求]
假如你是新华中学的高三学生李华,打算做志愿者,参加假期中外学生交流活动。请给市国际交流中心写一封申请信,内容包括:
1.性格特点;2.英语水平;3.乐于传播中国文化。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头语和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。










Dear Sir/Madam,
Im Li Hua, a student of Senior Three from Xinhua High School. 
 

                                                                               
Looking forward to your early reply.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua










[考生作文]
Dear Sir/Madam,
Im Li Hua, a student of Senior Three from Xinhua High School.I’m writing to apply for the position as a volunteer and join in the students’ exchange program in the coming vacation.
I am kind, friendly and easy­going.This is very suitable for the job.My English level is high, so I can communicate with foreign students easily.I am interested in telling foreigners about Chinese culture.I hope I can get the position.
Looking forward to your early reply.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua










参考范文:
Dear Sir/Madam,
Im Li Hua, a student of Senior Three from Xinhua High School.I’m writing to apply for the position as a volunteer in the students’ exchange program during the coming vacation.
In my opinion, I am qualified for the job.To begin with, I am kind, friendly and easy­going, which enables me to get along well with my classmates.In addition, I have a good command of English so that it?s easy for me to communicate with foreign students.What is the most important is that I am crazy about Chinese culture.Not only can I teach foreign students calligraphy but also how to celebrate traditional Chinese festivals.I?m sure they will benefit a lot.
Looking forward to your early reply.
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua










Ⅱ.段落升格作文










[题目要求]
假定你是李华,你的美国笔友David对你校开设的一些选修课程(optional courses)非常感兴趣,来信向你询问相关事宜。请根据以下内容提示给他写封回信。
1.选修课程包括:英语戏剧、模型制作(model making)等;
2.每门课程的优点;
3.你希望增加的课程及理由。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.信件的格式及结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。










Dear David,
 

                                                                               
Looking forward to your reply.
Yours,
Li Hua










[考生作文]
Dear David,
Im glad that you’re interested in optional courses in our school.Here is some information about each course.Option courses contain English drama and model making.If you are interested in science, you can choose model making.If you want to practice your oral English, you can choose English drama.In model making you can learn a lot of knowledge about science.In English drama you can learn about different 










characters and also learn how to perform them.Besides, in model making you can learn more about teamwork.I suggest adding a music lesson.Lots of students are suffering from the stress of study.It is relaxing for them to play musical instruments.
Looking forward to your reply.
Yours,
Li Hua










参考范文:
Dear David,
Im glad that you’re interested in optional courses in our school.Here is some information about each course.
If you are keen on science, model making is definitely your favorite.Students can get to know more about science, which will greatly arouse their interest.Besides, you can learn more about teamwork.If you want to practice your oral English, you can take a course on English drama.When you are challenging different characters, you also learn how to perform them.










In my opinion, I suggest adding a music course.Lots of students are suffering from the stress of study.It is relaxing for them to play musical instruments.
Looking forward to your reply.
Yours,
Li Hua










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