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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:题型6 书面表达 第5讲 四档升五档起承转合“要顺畅”

2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:题型6 书面表达 第5讲 四档升五档起承转合“要顺畅”

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * “冤屈的”四档作文(得分17分) The Season I Like Best         When it comes to the season I like best, summer will always occur to me in no time.         The reasons are as follows.There is plenty of fun for teenagers in summer, including going camping, going to the beach, going swimming at public pools and traveling locally with friends.Summer vacation is the longest of the year.Every summer I stay at my uncle’s house in the country for three weeks and enjoy a wonderful life, where I can catch worms that are not found in winter.I can also see different kinds of beautiful birds.         I like summer best because summer brings us more fun than the other three seasons. 升格后的五档作文(得分23分) The Season I Like Best         When it comes to the season I like best, summer will always occur to me in no time.         The reasons are as follows.Firstly, there is plenty of fun for teenagers in summer, including going camping, going to the beach, going swimming at public pools and traveling locally with friends.Secondly, summer vacation is the longest of the year.As far as I’m concerned, every summer I stay at my uncle’s house in the country for three weeks and enjoy a wonderful life, where I can catch worms that are not found in winter.In addition, I can also see different kinds of beautiful birds.         In a word, I like summer best because summer brings us more fun than the other three seasons. 名 师 点 评   左栏的文章运用了状语从句、定语从句、there be结构等,occur, plenty of, when it comes to的应用恰到好处,文章采用了三段式,分段合理,总体是一篇不错的作文。但美中不足的是缺少了语句间的连接成分,感觉好像只是一些句子的简单堆砌,使得文章读起来稍欠流畅,勉强归入四档。右栏的作文加上一些连接词后使文章结构紧凑,过渡自然,从而上升了一个档次,从四档跨入了五档。 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 第5讲      四档升五档,起承转合“要顺畅”










四档作文与五档作文在衔接过渡方面的差别在于:一个是应用简单的连接成分;一个是有效地使用了连接成分。一个“简单”,一个“有效”,凸显写作功底、凸显档次差别。有效地使用语句间的连接成分巧妙地衔接过渡,利用好“起、承、转、合”四方法使文章流畅自然,是考生书面表达跨进五档线的必备条件。










——“一字”之师,五档可攀










(2016·四川高考)某中学生英文报正举办“The Season I Like Best”的征文活动,请用英文写一篇短文投稿,内容应包括:
1.你最喜欢的季节;
2.你喜欢该季节的两条理由(如:气候、景色、活动、感受……)。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.题目已为你写好;
3.行文连贯,语篇完整;
4.文中不得透露个人真实信息。










The Season I Like Best





















[常用开头词汇]
表示“起”的词汇常用在段落或文章的开头,用于开篇引出扩展句。常见的词汇有:first, firstly, first of all, at first, in the first place, above all, to begin/start with, today, now, nowadays, at present, currently, recently, generally speaking, according to等。










First, I think everyone needs friends and is eager to get friendship.
First of all, we must make full use of every 45­minute lesson.
Nowadays/Recently, people in many big cities are complaining about the heavy traffic.
To begin/start with, smoking should be banned in public areas.
Generally speaking, the more you practise, the more skillfully you can write in English.










[常用开头句式]
As the proverb says/As the saying goes, “Time is money.”
With the development of the Internet, computers play an important role in peoples life.
It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.
There is no denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.
It is well­known that an elephant is a very kind and gentle animal.
I’m excited to learn that we are going to start a magazine.










[满分作文选粹]
Now Im writing to tell you the plan for the next class.
								 (2017·全国卷Ⅰ书面表达)
Im happy to receive your letter and know you’re coming to China.								 (2017·北京高考书面表达)
As is indicated in the graph, the box­office income of Chinese films increased constantly from 2012 to 2015.(2017·江苏高考书面表达)
Firstly, people may feel forced when asked to do things that they dont want to.				 (2016·江苏高考书面表达)










[常用顺承词汇]
表示“承”的词汇常用于承接主题句或第一个扩展句。常见的词汇有:second/secondly, also, besides, in addition, soon afterwards, after that, whats more, furthermore, moreover, what’s worse, still less, to make matters worse, worse still, for example, in other words, especially, particularly, obviously, meanwhile, at the same time等。Also, do let me know if you need more information.
Secondly, we should get up early to memorize idioms and useful expressions.










Obviously, a good learning habit can help us to speed up to reach our destinations.
Besides, developing a good habit of learning can help you improve your learning effectively.
What?s more, good books can help us to develop good characters.
In addition, we shouldn?t neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.
Meanwhile/At the same time, I will regard it as my duty to keep our environment clean and healthy.










[常用顺承句式]
Take Beijing for example, it is one of the oldest cities in the world.
What is more serious is that we dont cherish wildlife.
As far as I am concerned, they stand for love, friendship and unity.










[满分作文选粹]
In addition, there are famous artists who will perform how to cut paper on the spot.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ书面表达)
At the same time, we will divide the members into several groups to practice at 5:00 pm after school.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ书面表达)
Moreover, the scenery along the river is amazing, with many well­known sightseeing spots.(2017·北京高考书面表达)
Whats more, we can also hold a picnic party with the local people.									  (2017·浙江高考书面表达)
As far as Im concerned, every summer I stay at my uncle’s house in the country for three weeks and enjoy a wonderful life there.								    (2016·四川高考书面表达)










[常用转折过渡词汇]
表示“转”的词汇常用来表示不同或相反的意见或情况。常见的词汇有:but, yet, however, while, otherwise, or (else), on the contrary, on the other hand, contrary to, in any case, though, although, as, even if/though, despite, in spite of, regardless of等。
But unfortunately I mind my own business without considering my parents.










However, not until the match was over did we realize that we became the loser.
On the other hand, online shopping also has many disadvantages.
On the contrary, the volunteers always claim that they are tired of the life on earth.
Contrary to what I had originally said, the trip turned out to be fun.










[常用转折句式]
Whatever/No matter what you say, he wont believe you.
Whether you believe it or not, it is true.
As a matter of fact, I didn’t agree with you.










[满分作文选粹]
However, the film market may witness a slowdown in the near future.(2017·江苏高考书面表达)
In spite of the large­scale construction of roads and highways, there is still much room for improvement, because of the ever increasing number of cars these years.(2015·江苏高考书面表达)










[常用结尾词汇]
表示“合”的词汇常用于小结段落中上文的内容,引导最后一个扩展句或引导结尾句表示段落的结束。常见的词汇有:finally, last but not least, in short, in brief, in conclusion, in a/one word, to sum up, all in all, on the whole, in general等。
All in all, traveling is the best choice to recharge ourselves and get ready for the new challenges.










In conclusion, a good citizen should observe traffic regulations.
On the whole, I find a bike more enjoyable than a motorcycle.
In a word, success is important, and so is failure, because it?s the mother of success.
To sum up, environmental protection is of great importance, which can make us live more comfortably and healthily.










[常用结尾句式]
Id appreciate it if you could deliver them as soon as possible.
Only with combined efforts can we expect our hometown to take on a new look in the near future.
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as peace in the world.
From what has been discussed above, we may draw the conclusion that you must have self­confidence if you want to achieve something.










[满分作文选粹]
Therefore, the film industry should make greater efforts to attract more viewers.(2017·江苏高考书面表达)
In a word, I like everything in spring, especially the feelings bathed in the rain and sunshine.(2016·四川高考书面表达)
In short, Internet voting, to some extent, is unfair, if not immoral, and cannot be trusted.(2016·江苏高考书面表达)





















Ⅰ.用过渡词汇或句式补全句子
1. (首先), the most significant thing is to set a goal, work out a plan and carry out your plan 
step by step.
2. (就我而言), I love wealth, but I value health more.
3. (事实上), advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.










First of all/To begin with
As far as I am concerned
As a matter of fact/In fact
4. (况且), listening to some soft music does relax your mood and 
give you a new start.
5.I lost my way in the forest and  (更糟的是), it became dark.
6. (因此), I suggest we be in harmony with the nature.
7. (总之), changes in our life in the past twenty years have brought us 
comfort and convenience.










Besides/In addition/What?s more/Moreover
to make matters worse/
worse still
Therefore
In a word/In conclusion/In short/In brief
8. (到了……的时候了) we took some measures to solve the problem.
9. (我们可以得出一个结论) our society is progressing and people are living a better 
life than ever before.
10. (从这次经历中,我了解到) being careful is very important and that we can’t be too careful, especially in examinations.










It?s (high) time that
We can draw a conclusion that
From this experience, I learned that
Ⅱ.篇章训练
阅读下面短文,选择适当的过渡词或短语填空
in my opinion, recently, worse still, on the one hand, on the other hand, however
现在很多学校严禁学生上学带手机,但是仍有许多学生把手机带到学校。请你结合此现象谈谈你的看法,并给校报英语专栏投稿。内容要点如下:
1.简述该现象;2.谈谈带手机上学的弊端;
3.阐述你的观点。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。










[参考范文]
① many schools have taken tough measures 
to forbid students to bring their mobile phones to school.
②         , some students break this rule and some even play with their mobile phones in class.
The disadvantages of students bringing mobile phones to school are obvious.③                , mobile phones can 
distract students’attention.④                 , some 
students may get access to some unhealthy websites, which 
are bad for their development.⑤          , some students 
are likely to compare the brands of their mobile phones with their classmates’.










Recently
On the one hand
However
On the other hand
Worse still
⑥             , I strongly support banning mobile phones in schools.Only in this way can we devote more energies to our study and achieve our goals.










In my opinion
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