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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第3讲 形容词和副词

2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第3讲 形容词和副词

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 自主练悟 ①(2017·桂林市联考)To them, life is a competition — they have to do _______ (good) than their peers to be happy. ②(2017·菏泽市模拟)People who forgive show ____ (little) anger and more hopefulness. ③(2017·成都市模拟)If I meet with school violence, I will not answer violence with violence, for it will result in _____ (much) fighting. ④(2017·上饶市模拟)My life is a lot _____ (easy) at high school because my fellow students have accepted me. ⑤(2017·揭阳市模拟)Certain stores offer discounts of up to 70% or even ______ (high) if people use their credit cards. 自主练悟 ⑥(2017·淮北市模拟)The more you think about it, the ______ (hard) you will fall asleep. ⑦(2017·安徽师大附中阶段性测试)Just being greeted at the door was a joy.They couldn’t be ________ (happy) when seeing me. ⑧(2017·成都市检测)It is the _______ (old) and only surviving no­dam irrigation system in the world. ⑨(2017·绵阳市模拟)Antarctica, the coldest place on Earth, is the fifth _______ (large) continent in the world.     (2017·银川九中模拟)Of all the cities in the world, one of the top six _________ (healthy) cities is Copenhagen, Denmark. 自主练悟 谨记规律 ①(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)They often get up earlier and water the vegetables together.            ____________ ②(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)They were also the best and worse years in my life.                         ____________ ③(2016·四川高考)The dishes that I cooked were Mom’s favoritest.                       _________________ ④(2017·牡丹江市模拟)What’s bad, the driver’s information might be unreliable.          ___________ ⑤(2017·成都市模拟)Anyway, I’ll get used to living here and hope everything will be more better soon.                                   ______________________ ⑥(2017·九江市模拟)Located in North America, Canada is the second large country with the largest number of lakes in the world.            ____________ 1.原级、比较级和最      高级之间的错用。 2.有些词本身就含有    最高级含义,不能    再用最高级,如    favorite, wonderful,     exhausted等。 3.比较级的重复:若    形容词和副词后面    加了­er,前面就不    能再用more。 4.固定结构中比较级    的错用,如what’s     more, what’s worse    等。 自主练悟 谨记规律 ①(2017·六盘山市模拟)It’s __________ (common) known that certain diseases are linked with occupations like lung disease in coal miners. ②(2017·邢台市模拟)He won the race by perseverance and by pushing on ________ (steady). ③(2017·吉林市普通中学调研测试)A good memory is of great help, but it is not enough _______ (simple) to memorize rules from a grammar book. ④(2017·成都市模拟)Second, they hope to be _____________ (economic) independent and buy whatever they need. 1.一般情况加­ly    common→commonly       immediate→immediately 2.以“辅音字母+y”结    尾,将y改为i然后加­ly    steady→steadily        busy→busily 3.以­le结尾,去掉e加­y    simple→simply     gentle→gently 4.以­ic结尾,加­ally    economic→economically    scientific→scientifically 自主练悟 ①(2016·全国卷Ⅲ)At one time, I even felt my parents couldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. ____________ ②(2015·全国卷Ⅰ)Much rare animals are dying out. _____________ ③(2015·全国卷Ⅱ)He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.                                                           ________ ④(2013·四川高考)I found the test difficult, but I tried hardly to do it.                                                                             _____________ ⑤(2017·淮北市模拟)By sharing, we can often great reduce our sadness and double our happiness.                           _____________ ⑥(2017·潍坊实验中学检测)Obviously, the accident was caused by a careless neighbor living highly in an apartment.___________ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 第3讲            形容词和副词
形容词和副词是历年高考的必考点,是考生做好英语语法填空题和短文改错题必须要掌握的知识。主要用来修饰名词和代词,表示事物或人的性质和特征。副词主要用来修饰动词、形容词、副词甚至是句子。语法填空题对形容词和副词的考查主要是形容词作定语或表语、形容词和副词的比较级或最高级、形容词和副词的词性转化等。
一、基础保分类考点——这些语法较简单,以练促学把分捡第1~6讲
形容词和副词的比较等级分为原级、比较级和最高级。语法填空主要考查原级变为比较级或最高级;短文改错主要考查原级、比较级和最高级之间的误用。两者进行比较时,用比较级,此时的标志词为than,但需特别注意没有than时的比较级;三者或三者以上进行比较时,用最高级,此时往往用in或者of表示比较范围,但需注意省略比较范围的最高级。
——如何确定填形容词、副词的比较级还是最高级
判定方法	应用体验		当括号中所给提示词是形容词或副词,而空格处需要的仍是形容词或副词时,就很可能填该词的比较级或最高级。	①(2017·浙江高考)Sixteen years  (early), 
Pahlsson had removed the diamond ring to cook 
a meal.
②(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step 
back and identify (识别) those of  (great) 
and less importance.
③(2017·绵阳市模拟)The London Underground is the       (old) underground railway network 
in the world.		
earlier
greater
oldest
——形容词、副词比较级和最高级的常考点
better
less
more
easier
higher
harder
happier
oldest
largest
healthiest











谨记规律		1.比较级常考查的五种情况(1)根据比较等级的句式判断,如果后面有than就用比较级。
(2)有时候比较级结构中并不出现than,而是根据语境判断出用比较级。
(3)当空格前有表示程度的词如a bit, a little, much, far, a great/good deal, a lot等或有still, even等词时,需填比较级。
(4)表示“越……就越……”用“the+比较级 ..., the+比较级 ...”结构。
(5)否定词+比较级=最高级
2.最高级的考查
(1)表达在某个范围内“最……”,使用“the+形容词/副词的最高级+比较范围”结构。表示范围的标志词有in, of, among等。
(2)当空格前有the second/third ..., one of ...等词时,需填最高级。	
earlier→early
worse→worst
favoritest→favorite
bad→worse
去掉more或more→much
large→largest
形容词和副词之间的转化是高考的一大重点,在每年高考中都占有相当大的比重。语法填空和短文改错的此类考点均是根据形容词或副词的功能做出相互转化。因此考生应注意总结变化规律,尤其是其中的特殊变化形式。
——如何确定填形容词还是副词
判定方法	应用体验		1.当所给词为形容词时,除了比较等级外,主要考查转化为副词。反之亦然。
2.作定语修饰名词时应用形容词;作状语修饰动词时常用副词。	①(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)It is  (certain) fun 
but the lifestyle is a little unreal.
②(2017·浙江高考)But something made her look closer, and she noticed a               
(shine) object.
③(2016·全国卷Ⅰ)The title will be (official) given to me at a ceremony in London.
④(2017·潍坊实验中学模拟)You will have a  (wonderfully) time and get used to 
the life soon.		
certainly
officially
wonderful
shiny/shining
——形容词变副词的规则
commonly
steadily
simply
economically
freely→free
Much→Many
去掉very
hardly→hard
great→greatly
highly→high
谨记规律		1.形容词之间、副词之间的错用(1)意近引起的错用:例如many和much都表示“很多”,但many修饰可数名词,much修饰不可数名词。
(2)形近引起的错用:例如hard与hardly,前者表示“努力”,后者表示“几乎不”。
(3)意思重复:例如so和very表达同一含义,故不能同时使用。
(4)像deep, high, slow等本身也是副词,加上­ly后还是副词,此时前者表示具体,后者表示抽象。
2.形容词与副词之间的错用
一般来说,作定语和表语时用形容词;作状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或修饰整个句子时用副词。	

Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2017·盘锦市模拟)This time, I was satisfied with my grade, for I was        (well) than many of my classmates.
2.(2017·衡阳市模拟)The festival is one of the four (large) ice and snow festivals in the world!
3.(2017·漳州市联考)But  (many) seabirds are eating 
plastic waste in the ocean than ever before.
4.(2017·济宁市模拟)It was the  (late) evidence of 
China’s efforts to redevelop the “Silk Road” trade routes 
that once stretched from Asia to Europe.
better
largest
more
latest
5.(2017·哈尔滨市模拟)Keeping a diary in English is one of the              (effective) ways to improve our English 
writing ability.
6.(2017·潍坊市模拟)Ill do all I can to make their life easier 
and                  (comfort) when I grow up.
7.Compared with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes      (little) time.
8.(2017·吉林大学附中模拟)This is much  (cheap) 
than the cost of building other such great bridges in 
different parts of the world.
most effective
more comfortable
less
cheaper
9.(2017·江西省重点中学协作体联考)The robot is equipped with speakers, microphones and cameras, which makes 
communicating        (easy).
10.(2017·青岛市模拟)This is the method I have learnt — the  (hard) you work independently, the better 
solutions you will find.
11.(2017·福建师大附中模拟)Chinas most famous wall may 
have been built to keep people away, but a new kind of 
wall is bringing people a lot        (close) together.
easier
harder
closer
12.(2017·合肥市质检)The handmade cloth shoes are more durable (耐用的) and comfortable,  (soft), and 
absorb sweat better.
13.We spent a wonderful night together, eating and talking  (happy).
14.(2017·南昌市三校联考)To help reduce traffic accidents and save people’s lives, he             (immediate) 
began to work on the invention.
softer
happily
immediately
15.(2017·曲阜师范大学附中模拟)At that time, most Chinese people made their living on farms, so weather changes 
were            (extreme) important for them.
16.(2017·成都市模拟)Sitting by the river, riding a bike, or singing the old songs, I       (true) enjoyed what I was 
doing.
17.(2017·青岛市模拟)If you can make full use of the books, you will          (probable) become a good lawyer in 
the future.
extremely
truly
probably
18.(2017·太原五中检测)If you go, you will find yourself experiencing        (total) different scenery in four 
seasons.
19.(2017·肇庆市模拟)I  (sudden) realized that I 
shouldn’t get discouraged after experiencing failure.
20.(2017·佛山市模拟)By his own talents and efforts, he has secured for his family a good social position and 
a           (relative) rich life.
totally
suddenly
relatively
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·石嘴山市模拟)The big challenge of all in my life happened when I entered senior high school.	           
2.(2017·湖北省四地七校联考)With our joint efforts, our society will surely become good.							            
3.(2017·太原市模拟)And we will study even more harder and try out best to do all.							                      
4.(2017·宜春市模拟)After a few months, we all felt we had been able to build much strong relationships with the family 
than we had before.											               
big→biggest
good→better
去掉more或more→much
strong→stronger
5.“The best preparation for tomorrow is doing your best today.” I can’t agree with this view.			              
6.(2017·长沙市联考)Besides, lucky money is the more attractive part for children, which forms the good memory 
of our childhood.														           
7.(2017·泰安市质检)What will you do for your dream and who is your most favorite football player? 			         
8.Whats more, we should improve our methods of study 
and make well preparations for exams.				           
agree后加more
more→most
去掉most
well→good
9.Jiuzhaigou is well known for its beautiful lakes, of which water is clear and looks colorfully.		                  
10.(2017·吉林市普通中学调研测试)Job­hopping (跳槽), or frequent change of jobs, is becoming increasing common 
in China today.									                     
11.(2017·汕头市模拟)They make use of the chance to take photos, so a good camera is absolute essential.
                                      
12.(2017·淄博市模拟)My aunt felt sadly and wanted him to stop doing that experiment.									            
colorfully→colorful
increasing→increasingly
absolute→absolutely
sadly→sad
13.(2017·太原五中检测)Together with five schoolmates with excellently English, I tried to cover what was going on in 
our school.											                    
14.(2017·豫南九校模拟)And you will possible find proper solutions with the help of our schoolmates.
                                
15.This morning on my way to school I was deep moved by what I saw outside a bank.								              
16.(2017·深圳市模拟)Truly friendship will always live on no matter how far apart we are.								            
excellently→excellent
possible→possibly
deep→deeply
Truly→True
17.(2017·成都市模拟)I went up and found the two drivers bad injured, bleeding and trapped in the taxis.			           
18.(2017·荆州中学质检)Today scientists in this field are working hardly so as to make weather forecasting more 
exact.																             
19.(2017·本溪市模拟)There is only a few rain and the weather is neither too hot nor too cold.										          
20.(2017·怀化市联考)As is known to us, students do fewer and fewer sports now, which makes them weak and easy tired.
                        
bad→badly
hardly→hard
few→little
easy→easily
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