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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第4讲 特殊句式和主谓一致

2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第4讲 特殊句式和主谓一致

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 第4讲           特殊句式和主谓一致
特殊句式在高考语法填空和短文改错中
考查较少,但是作为语法中的一个重
点和难点,我们应在备考中给予足够
的重视。特殊句式的重要性主要体
现在书面表达之中,它们基本上都
是高级句式,它们的应用对于提升
文章的档次起着举足轻重的作用。
一、基础保分类考点——这些语法较简单,以练促学把分捡第1~6讲
一、强调句型It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+句子其他部分
单句语法填空/单句改错
①(2017·天津高考改编)It was when I got back to my apartment       I first came across my new neighbors.
②(2017·福州市模拟)And  is tai chi that has helped her 
understand the value of “going slowly”.
that
it
[自主练悟]
③(2016·天津高考改编)You are waiting at a wrong place.It is at the hotel where the coach picks up tourists.④(2015·重庆高考改编)Bach died in 1750, but it was not until the early 19th century while his musical gift was fully 
recognized.																            
⑤(2017·汕头市模拟)It is working in teams instead of on my own which has freed me from trouble and made my work 
more efficient.																            
where→that
while→that
which→that
[易错提醒]
不要把定语从句或状语从句与强调句型混淆。强调句型的判断方法是:去掉It is/was和that/who后句子结构依然完整,否则就不是强调句型。
[注意] 被强调的是时间、地点或原因状语时,一律应用that。


单句语法填空/单句改错
①(2017·聊城市模拟)Not only  it lay stress on the natural 
beauty of a female figure, but it makes women’s legs appear 
slimmer.
②(2017·崇州市模拟)Hardly  she gone out when a student 
came to visit her.
③(2017·湖北省八市联考)Not until then I know my senior high school life had really begun.													        
does
had
I前加did
[自主练悟]
④(2014·陕西高考改编)No sooner Mo Yan stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause.
                            
⑤(2017·遵义市模拟)A city, whether big or small, should be clean.Only when we live in a clean city we live a happy life.
                                 
⑥(2017·江西省重点中学协作体联考)Not only our parents give us life, but they also give us endless love and support, 
always sharing our happiness and sorrow.				            
sooner后加had
第二个city后加can
only后加do

1.不要把全部倒装误用作部分倒装。当表示地点、时间或方位的副词或介词短语置于句首时,句子用全部倒装。
2.不要把部分倒装误用作全部倒装。部分倒装可分为四个方面:
(1)当否定词以及由no构成的否定短语置于句首时用部分倒装。
(2)当“only+状语”置于句首时,句子用部分倒装。
(3)在so/such ...that ...句式中,当so/such位于句首时,其后的句子用部分倒装。
(4)当as/though表示“虽然,尽管”,引导让步状语从句时用部分倒装。
[易错提醒]


单句语法填空/单句改错
(2017·郑州市模拟) is no doubt that keeping an 
English diary helps you a lot with written English.
②(2017·青岛市模拟)There have some pieces of information that I’d like to share with you.										         
③There is going to have a sports meet next week.	          
④It is no doubt that the construction of this highway will 
contribute to the development of this area.					          
There
have→are
have→be
It→There
[自主练悟]
[易错提醒]
1.不要把there be句型误用作there have。
2.在一些固定句式中,不要把there be中的there误用作it。常见的there be句型有:There is no need/doubt/possibility/sense/point ...等。
                           
Ⅰ.单句语法填空/单句改错
1.(2017·山西重点中学协作体联考) was my father that 
helped him go through the cancer.
2.It is always the firefighters  take the lead to run 
to the very center, saving lives by risking their own.
3.(2017·衡水中学模拟)In my life, it is music which is extremely important      brings me closer to my friends 
and family.
It
that/who
that
4.(2017·唐山一中调研考试)To this day I know that it was because I changed my way of thinking      I completely 
changed my life.
5.(2017·淮北市模拟)Only in this way they become useful to society and enjoy a colorful life in the future.            
6.There have several advantages if you consult the persons you trust.																           
7.(2017·烟台市模拟)Not until 5 p.m.we set off back unwillingly.															               
that
way后加can
have→are
we前加did
8.(2017·河南百校联盟教学质量检测)There was many tasks I had to finish.Besides, I attended English and Math 
training classes because of my weaknesses in the two 
subjects.																           
9.It is no doubt that mothers play a vital role in their children’s daily life.													          
10.(2017·淮北市模拟)As you can see, which was sharing with my friend that helped me out of that dark time and 
brought back my confidence.									          
was→were
It→There
which→it
Ⅱ.句型转换(书面表达的提升)
1.I realized the importance of English when I entered senior high school.
→                                                
                         (强调句型)
2.The children can grow up mentally and physically healthy only in this way.
→                                                 
                   (倒装句)
It was when I entered senior high school that I realized
the importance of English.
Only in this way can the children grow up mentally and
physically healthy.
3.She danced so well that everyone applauded warmly.
→(倒装句)
4.He not only made a promise, but also kept it.
→(倒装句)
5.You neednt worry about him as he is clever and 
experienced.
→                                                 
            (there be句型)
So well did she dance that everyone applauded warmly.
Not only did he make a promise, but also kept it.
There is no need to worry about him as he is clever and
experienced.
Ⅲ.单句写作(书面表达的靓点)
1.直到失去了健康我们才知道它的价值。
Not until we lose health .
2.没必要为此担心,因为政府正在尽一切努力提供更多的工作岗位。
 it as the government is 
now making every effort to provide more jobs.
3.只有你认识到英语的重要性,你才能全身心投入其中。
 you 
put your heart into it.
do we know its value
There is no need to worry about
Only when you realize the importance of English can
4.是我们的父母给了我们无条件的爱,这确实值得我们感激和报答。
 have devoted their 
unconditional love to us, which indeed deserves our 
appreciation and reward.
5.以这种方式,学生们不仅能提高他们的写作能力,而且还能增强自信心。
Not only  in this 
way but also they can strengthen their self­confidence.
It?s our parents who/that
can students improve their writing ability
在英语中,句子谓语动词的形式应与句子的主语在人称和数上保持一致。主谓一致主要分为语法一致、意义一致以及就近、就远一致三种。近年来高考对主谓一致的考查主要集中在语法一致和意义一致上,并且高考常常将主谓一致与动词的时态和语态结合起来进行综合考查。
单句语法填空/单句改错
(2017·江苏高考改编)The publication of Great Expectations, which      (be) both widely reviewed and highly praised, 
strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist.
②(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)Leaving the less important things until tomorrow    (be) often acceptable.
③(2015·湖南高考改编)It is important to remember that success    (be) a sum of small efforts made each day and 
often        (take) years to achieve.
④(2017·漳州市八校联考)Many psychologists today  (be) 
working to try to determine just how a person experiences 
or perceives the world around.
[自主练悟]
was
is
is
takes
are
⑤(2016·浙江高考)He would ask who we was and pretend not to know us.																	          
⑥(2014·全国卷Ⅱ)My dream school look like a big garden.⑦(2017·吉林大学附中模拟)The number of people who are visually impaired in China are the largest in the world.⑧(2017·清远市模拟)As students, we often take exams at school, and sometimes we have many exams that is too 
difficult for us.																		         
⑨(2017·沈阳二中模拟)Last month, I, together with my parents, were invited to my uncle’s in the USA.	            
was→were
look→looks
第二个are→is
is→are
were→was
[谨记规律]
1.可数名词单数或不可数名词作主语时谓语动词用单数;可数名词复数作主语时谓语动词用复数。
2.在定语从句中,关系代词that,who,which等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。
3.非谓语动词、名词性从句作主语,谓语动词一般用单数。但what引导的主语从句表示复数概念时,谓语动词用复数。
4.就近原则:由either ...or ..., neither ...nor ..., not only ...but also ...等连接的并列主语,谓语动词常与最近的主语在人称和数上保持一致。
5.就远原则:主语后跟有with, together with, as well as, but, except, along with, rather than等引起的短语时,谓语动词的数要与前面的主语保持一致。
[题组练通]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.The only thing you can do  (be) to control your attitude.
2.(2017·安徽安庆望江检测)Kathie is reading the note which  (be) left in the drawer the other day.
3.(2017·天津高考改编)Nowadays, cycling, along with jogging and swimming,    (be) regarded as one of the 
best all­round forms of exercise.
4.Mr.Smith, together with his wife and children,  (be) 
going to visit Beijing next month.
is
was
is
is
5.The stresses and worries that appear in life  (be) like 
that glass of water.
6.Neither the teacher nor his students  (know) how to 
work out the problem.
7.(2017·江西省五市联合模拟)These bacteria  (be) able 
to resist powerful antibiotic (抗生素) drugs.
8.(2017·廊坊市模拟)In Hangzhou, borrowing books from the library    (be) now as simple and convenient as 
shopping online: click, pay and wait for delivery.
are
know
are
is
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·吉林市普通中学调研测试)As the economy grow, more opportunities are appearing than before.			             
2.(2017·南昌市模拟)In my opinion, cheating in exams are wrong.																			         
3.(2017·南昌市三校联考)Ms Brown, its you that has 
changed my life and made my dream come true.	            
4.(2017·淄博市模拟)Whats more, in the process of fighting, 
we get close to success, as the saying goes that failure are the 
mother of success.																	         
grow→grows
are→is
has→have
are→is
5.I am thankful that there is good, honest, and kind people around still.																		       
6.(2017·菏泽市模拟)However, too much exposure to phones are bad for people in terms of health.							       
7.So the number of them are falling quickly.8.(2017·石家庄质检)Besides, punishments, such as a fine, is necessary to tourists with such bad behaviors.		         
9.(2017·襄阳市模拟)Studying at a university in the UK have been a good experience for me.								            
10.(2017·江西省五市八校联考)News came that the trees in the park two kilometers away from our school was blown 
down.																            
is→are
are→is
are→is

is→are
have→has
was→were
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