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当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第7讲 动词的形式——谓语动词和非谓语动词

2018年高考英语通用版二轮专题复习三维课件:专题复习3部曲 3 第7讲 动词的形式——谓语动词和非谓语动词

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* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 两句的差别是连词and。分析句子结构可知,①中空格处为现在分词作伴随状语;②中空格处与volunteered并列作谓语。故①填donating;②填donated。 分析 ①He volunteered to help control traffic, ________ (donate) an hour of his time every week.  ②He volunteered to help control traffic, and ______ (donate) an hour of his time every week. 示例 两句的差别是连词and。分析句子结构可知,①句为句式“祈使句+and+陈述句”;②句为分词短语作条件状语。故①填Call;②填Calling。 分析 ①________ (call) me tomorrow and I’ll let you know the lab result.  ②________ (call) me tomorrow, I’ll let you know the lab result. 示例 两句的差别是连词so。分析句子结构可知,①句为独立主格结构作原因状语;②句so连接两个并列句,空格处所填词应与第二个并列分句的谓语动词一致。故①填leading;②填led。 分析 ①The guide ________ (lead) the way, we had no trouble getting out of the forest.  ②The guide ________ (lead) the way, so we had no trouble getting out of the forest. 示例 两句的差别是连词if。分析句子结构可知,①句为独立主格结构作条件状语;②句为if引导的条件状语从句。故①填permitting;②填permits。 分析 ①The party will be held in the garden, weather ________ (permit). ②The party will be held in the garden, if weather ________ (permit). 示例 三句的差别是逗号后面的部分。分析句子结构可知,①句为and连接两个并列句,通过时态、语态的分析,应用一般过去时的被动语态;②句为独立主格结构(with复合结构);③句为现在分词短语作伴随状语。故①填was fixed;②填fixed;③填fixing。 分析 ①Jim was listening attentively to the lecture, and all his attention ________ (fix) on it.  ②Jim was listening attentively to the lecture, (with) all his attention ________ (fix) on it.  ③Jim was listening attentively to the lecture, ______ (fix) all his attention on it. 示例 两句看似结构一致,但仔细分析却是大相径庭。①句为and连接三个并列谓语;②句为and连接两个伴随状语。故①填sat;②填talking。 分析 ①He went into the room, ________ (sit) at the table and began to read newspapers.  ②They walked along the stream together, ________ (talk) and laughing. 示例 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 第7讲       动词的形式——谓语动词和非谓语动词
——找到薄弱点才是努力点
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)They are required  (process) 
the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for 
several other bodily functions.
2.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)When fat and salt  (remove) 
from food, the food tastes as if it is missing something.
to process
are removed
二、重难增分类考点—— (这些语法是难点,讲细讲全重点研第7~8讲
3.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)Fast food  (be) full of fat and salt; by 
       (eat) more fast food people will get more salt 
and fat than they need in their diet.
4.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)This included digging up the road, (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over the top.
5.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)Later, engineers  (manage) to 
construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known as the Tube.
6.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)But unlike her school friends, 16­year­old Sarah is not spending half­term         (rest).
is
eating
laying
managed
resting
7.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)Sarah  (tell) that she could be 
Britain’s new supermodel, earning a million dollars 
in the next year.
8.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top models, wants          (prove) that she 
has brains as well as beauty.
9.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)But at the moment, school  (come) 
first.I don’t want to get too absorbed in modeling.
was told
to prove
comes
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)Before getting into the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, but once I started the car, 
my mind goes blank.	 												           
2.(2017·全国卷Ⅰ)The instructor kept repeating the words,“Speed up!”“Slow down!”“Turning left!”3.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)In their spare time, they are interesting in planting vegetables in their garden, which is on the rooftop 
of their house.											                      
goes→went
Turning→Turn
interesting→interested
4.(2017·全国卷Ⅱ)When summer came, they will invite their students pick the fresh vegetables!5.(2017·全国卷Ⅲ)About one month after this photo was took, I entered my second year of high school and 
become a new member of the school music club.
                                                       
came→comes; pick前加to
took→taken; become→became

1.考生因不能判定是填谓语动词还是非谓语动词而失分。
2.动词的时态和语态是考查谓语动词时的必考点,考生在答题时如果分析不到位或相关知识欠缺,则容易误填答案。
3.非谓语动词因其蕴含形式多变、用法繁杂等特征,考生容易出现理解失误而造成失分。 
[锁定薄弱点]
——攻克薄弱点才是增分点

1.找句中“题眼”,确定是谓语动词还是非谓语动词
(1)若句中找不到谓语,则所给动词应该作谓语
一个句子无论是主句还是从句,必须要有谓语。一般来讲,空格所在的句子中无其他动词,那么这个空就应填谓语动词。谓语动词需考虑时态、语态、主谓一致等。
[典例1] (2016·Ⅱ)Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of achievement.Leaving the less important things until tomorrow __63__ (be) often acceptable.
分析:分析句子结构可知,该句中的主语为动名词短语“Leaving the less important things until tomorrow”,故所给动词作谓语,谓语动词为第三人称单数形式,且根据语境可知时态为一般现在时。故填is。
[典例2] (2016·)The giant panda __61__ (love) by people throughout the world.
分析:分析句子结构可知,句子中没有谓语,故空格处应作谓语。大熊猫为世界各地的人们所喜爱是个客观事实,应用一般现在时;且panda与love之间是被动关系,所以用被动语态。故填is loved。
(2)若句中找到了谓语动词,而又找不到连词(并列连词或从句连词)时,则所给动词一定用作非谓语动词。
非谓语动词需确定是v.­ing形式、v.­ed形式还是不定式。
[典例1] (2016·)Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal __43__ (create) special designs.
分析:本句中已经有谓语动词combine,且空处不作并列谓语,故应填非谓语动词。此处为不定式作目的状语,故填to create。
[典例2] (2016·)My ambassadorial duties will include __67__ (introduce) British visitors to the 120­plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research centre in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.
分析:句中已有谓语动词include,且无其他连词,故空处应填非谓语动词。include为及物动词,其后加名词或动名词作宾语,再结合提示词introduce和空后的名词visitors可知,此处应用动名词作宾语。故填introducing。
(3)排除干扰,切忌“只见树木不见森林”
[典例1] (2016·)Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and __49__ (be) too violent for use at the table.
分析:看到此题,考生可能会根据and认为应与前面的某个成分并列,是与believed并列、与would remind并列还是与killings并列?分析句子结构可知,believed后接宾语从句,宾语从句由and连接两个并列谓语。但此处描述的是过去的事实,应用一般过去时,又因主语是knives,故填were。 
[典例2] (2015·)A study of travelers __68__ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world.
分析:本题存在一题多义、一词多性的特征,考生易误填was conducted或were conducted。因为考生容易把names误作名词而认为空格处应填动词。实际上,分析句子结构可知,空格所在句已有谓语动词names,且不与names作并列谓语,故填非谓语动词。study和conduct之间为被动关系,所以应用过去分词作定语。故填conducted。
2.通过6
[题组一]
[题组二]
[题组三]
[题组四]
[题组五]
[题组六]

Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2017·潍坊实验中学模拟)It is very difficult for parents to decide whether         (have) a second child or not.
2.Most players  (trade) to another team at least 
three times in their careers.
3.(2017·合肥市质检)She says the shoes  (produce) 
by machine are not of the same quality as handmade ones.
4.(2017·临汾一中等五校联考)Then I went to bed and  (think) about my dreams.
to have
are traded
produced
thought
5.Finally I refused to attend classes,  (shut) myself 
in my room for hours.
6.(2017·沈阳市模拟)Everyone is talking about culture shock nowadays, but you may wonder what it actually        
(mean).
7.(2017·南昌市模拟)China will allow all couples to have two children,       (give) up its decades­long one­child policy.
8.(2017·新余市模拟)Many people  (seek) a 
variety of sources for their happiness.Some have put their 
heart and effort into their work.
shutting
means
giving
have sought
9.(2017·日照市校际联合检测) (visit) this section 
would keep you updated about the fashion.
10.(2017·株洲市质检)Music is a sweet language to show love to those who love us and those who          
(love) by us.
11.(2017·沈阳二中模拟)Usually, students have four classes every day, each class         (last) for 70 minutes.
12.(2017·济南一中模拟)Many people travel during the holiday season but do not make sure that their houses 
and homes               (protect).
Visiting
are loved
lasting
are protected
13.What people in employment want from a job (vary) greatly from person to person.
14.(2017·湖南省十三校联考)Scientists have discovered that        (stay) in the cold could help us lose weight.
15.(2017·山师附中模拟)In nineteen sixty, Wilma Rudolph became the first American woman        (win) three 
gold medals in one Olympics.
16.(2017·邯郸市模拟)Even today the books  (print) 
at the time are valuable and treasured by libraries and 
book collectors.
varies
staying
to win
printed
17.(2017·邯郸市模拟) (overcome) these 
shortcomings, Bi Sheng invented the movable type 
during the years between 1041 and 1048.
18.(2017·湖北省部分重点中学联考)Smartphone addiction  (spread) like an infectious disease during 
the past few years.
19.(2017·石家庄市模拟)If the water is too hot, nutrients(营养) in the tea  (destroy).
20.(2017·深圳市模拟)My teacher saw me panic­stricken and smiled at me,           (gesture) that I must go.
To overcome
has spread
will be destroyed
gesturing
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·天水市诊断考试)Stand in front of the school gate, I wondered what to do next.						               
2.(2017·唐山一中调研考试)We can also enjoy music, watching sports and play computer games on the net.
                                
3.(2017·沈阳二中测试)Think that its owner might have engine trouble, my friend stopped and asked if anything 
was wrong.												                  
4.Taking according to the instructions, the medicine will work for your headache.								                
Stand→Standing
watching→watch
Think→Thinking
Taking→Taken
5.(2017·成都外国语学校模拟)Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, which might 
not be served until 8 o’clock at night.		             
6.(2017·合肥市质检)Taking good care of ourselves and don’t let our parents worry about us.		             
7.(2017·吉大附中模拟)As for me, read a good book is just like talking with a learned person.				             
8.(2017·邯郸市模拟)On the other hand, his spoken English is so excellent that he has no difficulty communicate with 
you in English.						                           
Have→Having
Taking→Take
read→reading
communicate→communicating
9.(2017·皖南八校联考)The busy father smiled, finished eating, and sweeping the desk clean into the dustbin 
including Molly’s junk.						               
10.(2017·延安市模拟)Nowadays with modern life go rapidly, many people suffer from different kinds of 
diseases, both mentally and physically.	          
sweeping→swept
go→going
突破点二——运用“6方法”和“1注意”准解谓语动词时态、语态题
1
准确理解常考时态的定义是做题的根本。
[典例1] (2017·)Development often 
__69__ (give) us the excuse to destroy the environment.
分析:本句表示经常做的事情,应用一般现在时,故填gives。
[典例2] (2017·)When I also drove forward, a man __63__ (stand) outside the car and talking to each driver as they drove past.
分析:表示过去的某个时候正在做某事,应用过去进行时,故填was standing。
2
在题干中,yesterday, tomorrow, always, in the past few years, so far等都是动词时态常用的标志性状语,做题时可以通过寻找时间标志词来判定时态。
[典例1] (2017·)Last Friday a storm __61__ (sweep) through two villages in the New Territories, destroying fourteen homes.
分析:句中有表示时间的标志性状语Last Friday,判定应用一般过去时,故填swept。
[典例2] (2017·)If we are satisfied with only a few rules we __69__ (memorize) so far, we are not really learning the language.
分析:so far表示“迄今为止”,与其匹配的时态是现在完成时,故填have memorized。
3
当句中有两个或两个以上的动词时,它们的发生时间有一定的先后关系。我们可以根据这种先后关系来判定时态。
[典例1] (2017·)Due to the hard training they __66__ (do) before, their performances were very impressive.
分析:主句的时态为一般过去时,根据before可以判定空格处所填词表示“过去的过去”,应用过去完成时,故填had done。
[典例2] (2017·)She __64__ (have) her high school entrance exam in a week so I told her a few encouraging words.
分析:我给她说鼓励的话用的是一般过去时,那么她要参加考试应用过去将来时,故填would have或was to have。
4
有些题目在时间状语和其他参照物都不明显的情况下,通过正确理解语境也是解决时态问题的一条行之有效的方法。
[典例1] (2017·)It is quite easy to plan a surprise party when one’s birthday __62__ (come).
分析:既然是要做计划,那么生日即将来临,此处应用现在进行时表示即将来临,故填is coming。
[典例2] (2017·)One day, a beggar found a leather purse that someone __61__ (drop) in the marketplace.
分析:发现钱包用一般过去时,丢钱包应在此之前,表示“过去的过去”,故填had dropped。
5
掌握常用句式也是解决时态问题的快速且行之有效的方式,因此要熟记一些常用句式。
[典例1] (2017·)The hall was dark when I came in; the show was about __46__ (begin).
分析:此处考查be about to do sth.意为“马上就要做某事”,故填to begin。
[典例2] (2017·)One day I __66__ (read)a newspaper when I noticed a photo of a young woman who looked very much like Linda and whose last name was Wagman — Linda’s married name.
分析:考查句式be doing ...when ...,再根据One day可判断应用过去进行时,故填was reading。
6
有时做题时我们对于时态问题比较关注,但往往忽略了语态,因此我们可以采用“先语态、后时态”的方式。
[典例1] (2016·)Truly elegant chopsticks might __42__ (make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters.
分析:情态动词后跟动词原形,但此处might后能填make吗?通过分析可知,elegant chopsticks与make之间为被动关系,应用被动语态,故填be made。
[典例2] (2017·)I finally went to ask the lady at student services and __63__ (tell) that her name was Kathy.
分析:and连接两个并列谓语,第一个是went,与之并列该填told吗?通过分析可知,I与tell之间为被动关系,故填was told。
注意点:特殊动词特殊对待
有些动词(短语)的用法特殊,例如belong to不用于进行时和被动语态;date back to/date from常用于一般现在时等。对此熟练掌握是准确解题的前提。
[典例1] (2017·)The festival __64__ (date) back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220).
分析:date back to意为“追溯到”,没有被动语态,且常与一般现在时连用,故填dates。
[典例2] (2017·)It is about taking action to show the world that the right to read and write __64__ (belong) to all people.
分析:主句为It is about taking action to show the world,that引导宾语从句,其中主语是the right to read and write,belong to为句子的谓语,它没有进行时和被动语态,故填belongs。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2017·威海市模拟)No wonder it  (become) the fast 
Asian city named as a City of Gastronomy (美食) by UNESCO in 2010.
2.(2017·成都市模拟)I think that our choices (influence) by our parents.
3.(2017·淮南二中模拟)Up to now, the group (produce) 21 plays and built a considerable fan base.
4.(2017·枣庄市模拟)Languages cannot be taught; they can only            (learn).
became
are influenced
has produced
be learned
5.(2017·银川九中模拟)It  (arise) in the late 18th 
century and became fully developed and recognized by 
the mid­19th century.
6.(2017·揭阳市模拟)It is the third time so far that such a meeting               (hold) in my hometown.
7.(2017·豫南九校模拟)She said she  (notice) 
a big change in me and wondered why.
8.(2017·襄阳市模拟)It  (hope) that the festival 
will promote its cultural “soft power” abroad.
arose
has been held
had noticed
is hoped
9.(2017·福州市质检)So it  (believe) that practising 
T’ai Chi can in some way help us stand, move and run 
better.
10.(2017·福州市质检)For Marleni Calcina, who (do) T’ai Chi for over 10 years, it’s not only a sport, 
but also a way of life.
11.(2017·潍坊中学模拟)They should  (teach) to be 
grateful to their parents, who have given them life but ask 
for nothing in return.
12.He thanked me for helping him as he  (ask)
four others before and they told him no.
is believed
has done
be taught
had asked
13.(2017·福州市外国语学校模拟)This was the first time I  (be) in a sandstorm in Dubai and I don’t 
ever want to be in one again.
14.On one occasion, he  (trap) by a snowstorm 
in a vast mountainous area.
15.(2017·九江市联考)However, thanks to the international agreement, there         (be) much less illegal hunting 
since 1990.
16.Totally disconnected from the Internet, the robot  (expect) to solve all problems with its own 
AI program.
had been
was trapped
has been
is expected
17.(2017·漳州市联考)A study last year  (show) 
that about 8 million tons of plastic enters the oceans 
every year.
18.(2017·湖北省八校联考)On my previous visits my travel  (limit) to the three major cities of Beijing, 
Shanghai and Chongqing.
showed
was limited
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·邯郸市模拟)Last Monday, we hold a monitor election during our class meeting.											          
2.I had learned English for 6 years but my spoken English remains poor.																	           
3.(2017·淮北市模拟)There was a time when I caught in the sadness of not passing an important exam.	              
4.My friendship with Yang Qing began when we meet in our school photo club.															           
hold→held
had→have
caught前加was
meet→met
5.(2017·南昌二中模拟)I believe my school become better and better, and I hope you will visit my school again.
                            
6.(2017·临沂市模拟)Three years ago I fail in an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary 
school.															           
7.(2017·漳州市八校联考)I have offered a scholarship at a university in Australia for my further education.
                             
8.(2017·西安市模拟)The food was tasted good and we had fun together.																	          
become前加will
fail→failed
offered前加been
去掉was
9.(2017·襄阳五中模拟)We encouraged to think for ourselves, which is quite different from what I have experienced 
before.												                 
10.(2017·太原五中模拟)So far, I had been working as the chief editor for half a year, which helps me a lot with 
my leadership skills.												          
encouraged前加are
had→have
突破点三——抓住“4个关键点”和“4个易混点”稳解非谓语动词题
1.4 
[自主练悟]
(2016·全国卷)Skilled workers also combine various 
hardwoods and metal          (create) special designs.
②(2017·襄阳市质检)This years World Economic Forum 
in Davos was held a week earlier than usual         (avoid) 
conflicting with China’s New Year.
(1)作目的状语时用不定式,且只能用不定式的一般式
to create
to avoid
(2)作伴随状语和方式状语时用现在分词
[自主练悟]
(2016·全国卷)People probably cooked their food in 
large pots,        (use) twigs (树枝) to remove it.
(2017·成都市模拟)This spring, I started working as a language assistant,          (teach) English to hundreds 
of students.
using
teaching
(3)作介词的宾语时用动名词
[自主练悟]
(2015·全国卷)In addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their ability to “air condition” a house without       (use) electric equipment.
②(2017·衡水市模拟)We should prevent the river from  (pollute).
using
being polluted
(4)熟记固定结构中的非谓语动词。例如be likely to do sth., have difficulty/trouble doing sth.等
[自主练悟]
①(2016·全国卷Ⅱ)If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely          (bring) 
your work home.
②(2017·天水市诊断考试)In the first place, it often happens that we have trouble         (find) appropriate words and 
phrases to give expression to our mind.
to bring
finding
2.4
(1)现在分词和过去分词作状语
现在分词作状语表示的动作与句子主语之间为逻辑上的主谓关系;过去分词作状语表示的动作与句子主语之间为逻辑上的动宾关系。
[典例1] (2017·)__61__ (realize) it was our last high school sports meeting, we decided to make it an unforgettable experience for all of us.
分析:分析句子结构可知,空格所处的部分为非谓语动词作状语,realize与主语we之间为逻辑上的主谓关系,故填Realizing。
[典例2] (2017·)Greatly __70__ (encourage), the team conducted another experiment, this time with water that contained bacteria.
分析:分析句子结构可知,空格所处的部分为非谓语动词作状语,encourage与主语the team之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故填encouraged。
(2)现在分词和过去分词作前置定语和表语
此时现在分词和过去分词都相当于形容词,前者意为“令人……的”,后者意为“感到……的”。
[典例1] (2014·Ⅱ)There were many people waiting at the bus stop, and some of them looked very anxious and __43__ (disappoint).
分析:此处looked后面为表语部分,此处指一些人看起来很焦急、很失望。故填disappointed。
[典例2] (2017·)Dennis Williams, the new owner of the phone number, responded to the __66__ (excite) baby news.
分析:此处为非谓语动词作前置定语,表示“令人兴奋的有关孩子的消息”。故填exciting。
(3)不定式、现在分词和过去分词作后置定语
不定式作后置定语表示动作尚未进行;现在分词作后置定语表示主动、进行;过去分词作后置定语表示被动、完成。
[典例1] (2016·)For 25 days, she never left her baby, not even to find something __64__ (eat)! 
分析:此处表示找到要吃的东西,表示动作尚未进行,故填to eat。
[典例2] (2015·Ⅰ)Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it regularly arranges quick getaways here for people __70__ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.
分析:此处表示“居住”在上海和香港的人们,应用非谓语动词作定语,people与live之间为主动关系,故填living。
[典例3] (2015·Ⅱ)The adobe dwellings (土坯房) __61__ (build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even the most modern of architects and engineers.
分析:由谓语动词are admired可知空格处填非谓语动词,adobe dwellings与build之间是被动关系,应用过去分词短语作后置定语。故填built。
(4)不定式与动名词作宾语
有些动词后只跟不定式作宾语,例如agree, decide, refuse, manage等;而有些动词只跟动名词作宾语,例如avoid, finish, mind, practise等。还有些动词既可以跟动名词作宾语,也可以跟不定式作宾语,但意义上有区别,这些都要特别注意。
[典例1] (2017·)Mr.Smith’s doctor suggested not __62__ (eat) cold food these days.
分析:suggest后需接动名词作宾语,故填eating。
[典例2] (2014·Ⅱ)I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver,but he refused __46__ (stop) until we reached the next stop.
分析:refuse后接动词作宾语时,要用其不定式形式,故填to stop。
[典例3] (2017·)Next keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean __69__ (accept)the action of the person who upsets you.
分析:mean to do sth.意为“想要做某事”,mean doing sth.意为“意味着做某事”,故填accepting。

Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.(2017·西安市模拟)She thanked me, and told me she wished       (see) me again.
2.(2017·淄博市模拟)She let me choose my sleep medicine,  (make) sure that I was okay.
3.(2017·马鞍山二中模拟)That explained the (puzzle) expression on the drivers’ faces as they just 
read “thank you” on the note.
to see
making
puzzled
4.(2017·九江市模拟)Pub culture is formed  (help) 
people get along with each other.
5.(2017·淮南二中模拟)I know he is good at  (work) 
out the difficult questions.
6.(2017·南昌二模)Rather than write an article for homework, usually we were allowed          (work) with a friend to 
write an imaginary dialogue between two historical figures.
7.(2017·牡丹江市模拟)Visitors to Britain may find it the best place          (enjoy) local culture in a traditional pub.
to help
working
to work
to enjoy
8.(2017·九江一中模拟)You can spend a lot of time (take) pictures in front of the great hotels.
9.(2017·汕头市模拟)Its space program aims (place) a permanent manned space station into service 
around 2022.
10.(2017·淮北市模拟)Sleeping problems are becoming more and more            (disturb), but these tips 
may help a lot.
11.(2017·银川九中模拟)Peking Opera or Beijing Opera is a form of Chinese opera            (combine)music, 
vocal performances, dance and so on.
taking
to place
disturbing
combining
12.(2017·皖南八校联考)It is a great way for you and your friends              (encourage) each other to build 
strong bodies.
13.(2017·青岛市模拟)You may have trouble  (sleep) 
if you have a heavy meal just before you go to bed.
14.(2017·泰安市质检)Most Chinese remember (tell) this romantic tragedy when they were children on 
Qixi.
15.(2017·哈尔滨市模拟)Each time the eagle would let his dreams        (know), he was told it couldn’t be done.
to encourage
sleeping
being told
known
16.(2017·铁岭市联考)Jackie said that making this car was  (fulfill) his dream, not to make money.
17.(2017·包头市模拟)For several days they had been busy  (prepare) for this plan.
18.(2017·日照市校际联合检测)Tea drinking was widespread in China for about one thousand years before           
(appear) in Europe.
19.(2017·衡阳八中模拟)Bobs wife asks him        (go) 
downstairs to the kitchen and bring her a glass of milk.
20.(2017·浙江瑞安四校联考)“Its such a nice place,” Mother said as she sat at the table          (reserve) 
for customers.
to fulfill
preparing
appearing
to go
reserved
Ⅱ.单句改错
1.(2017·西安市模拟)He needed my help and I felt so exciting.2.(2017·成都市模拟)One day, he asked me how life on earth began after watch a film.									                 
3.Second, avoid wasting money, students should form the habit of wearing school uniforms.						            
4.(2017·襄阳市模拟)Later I became accustomed to talk with people from various cultures.									            
exciting→excited
watch→watching
avoid前加to
talk→talking
5.(2017·蚌埠市模拟)I am writing to keep you informing of something about the severe situation that finless porpoises, 
a kind of rare and lovely animal, are faced with presently.
                                        
6.We hope that all of us will devote our efforts to protect pandas and let them live in the wild again some day.
                                     
7.(2017·湖南师大附中模拟)He had to look for a place along the street to get his bicycle repairing.	                    
informing→informed
protect→protecting
repairing→repaired
8.I think I do well in the team work and Im good at 
communicate with different people.
                                                       
9.(2017·巢湖市模拟)I am the apple of his eyes, but when it comes to my study, he is very strict and will never let me 
to be lazy.														              
10.Most children feel frighten when they first go to school, because they are not familiar with school at all.
                                       
communicate→communicating
去掉me后的to
frighten→frightened
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