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高考英语复习完形填空:考点分类解析4逻辑推理(课件)

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根据上文信息推理 根据下文信息推理  运用逻辑推理解 根据上文信息推理 [例1]On April 12, 1888, Alfred’s brother Ludwig died of heart attack. A major French newspaper mistook his brother for him and…“Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.” Nobel was ___ to find out not that he had died, but that, when his time was up, he would be thought of only as one who profited from death and destruction.  A. upset	B. anxious	   C. excited   D. pleased [解析]前面讲报道中的两件事:一是报社误以为诺贝尔是他的兄弟死了,二是说他是靠发现更快的杀人方式发财。根据生活常识,作为诺贝尔本人,看到这篇报道,不可能感到“渴望(anxious)”“兴奋(excited)”或“高兴(pleased)”,而应当是“不高兴(upset)”,故选A。本句大意:诺贝尔感到不快,不是因为报社误解他死了,而是在他死后被认为是一个靠制造死亡和毁灭而赚钱的人。 [例2]It was then feared that the fairies had come and stolen the baby away and replaced the human baby with a fairy Changeling. There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended methods. However, hope was not lost even if the baby had been         . (2008年广东卷28题) A. missed    	B. stolen    C. found    D. lost [解析]空格前两句说人们害怕仙女来偷小孩(stolen the baby away)及其阻止此事发生的方法,所以空格句应是“即使小孩被偷走了,也还是有希望的”,故选B。 [例3] Not all of these fairies are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and in some folktales they are___ and cause much human suffering. A. powerful   	      B. cruel   	 C. frightened 	      D. extraordinary 根据下文信息推理 [解析]根据空格后面的信息“and cause much human suffering(会造成人类的痛苦)”可以推断出,“在某些民间故事中,仙女是残酷的”,故选B (cruel)。 [例4] To make sure that he was  26  with love and respect, Nobel arranged in his 27  to give the largest part of his money to establish the Nobel prizes, which would be awarded to people who made great contributions to the causes of peace, literature, and the sciences. So basically, Nobel had to die before he realized what his life was really about. (2009年广东卷) 26. A. repaid			B. described		       C. supported		D. remembered 27. A. book			B. article			       C. will			D. contract D. remembered C. will [解析]第26题,由空格后面的信息“诺贝尔在遗嘱中安排捐出他的钱来设立诺贝尔奖……”可以推出,其目的是为了让自己被别人爱戴与尊敬地“纪念,铭记(remembered)”他,而不是“报答(repaid)”“描述(described)”“支持(supported)”他,从而改变当时人们对他的看法,故选D。  第27题,由最后一句中的die这一关键词可以得到启示,设立诺贝尔奖应是在他的“遗嘱(will)”中作的安排,故选C。 * * * * 
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