欢迎来到高考学习网,

[登录][注册]

免费咨询热线:010-57799777

高考学习网
今日:1530总数:5885151专访:3372会员:401265
当前位置: 高考学习网 > 2014年高考真题——英语(陕西卷)解析版 Word版含解析

2014年高考真题——英语(陕西卷)解析版 Word版含解析

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 陕西

上传时间:2014/6/10

下载次数:841次

资料类型:历年高考题

文档大小:159KB

所属点数: 0

普通下载 VIP下载 【下载此资源需要登录并付出 0 点,如何获得点?

2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(陕西卷)英语第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分55分) 语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A. become B. across C. lonely D. balcony 2. teacher A. great B. heavy C. idea D. disease 3. physics A. pleasure B. music C. sure D. increase 4. weather A. warmth B. method C. theory D. breathe 5. brown A. however B. sorrow C. knowledge D. owner 第二节 情景对话(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)根据对话情境和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。 ’m reading a tourist guide to Europe. Linda: 7 George: Yes, i’m looking to such a trip. Hey, have you ever been there? Linda: Yes. I’ve actually visited my countries in Europe; France, Germany, Italy and Austria, for example. George: 8 And how long did you stay? Linda: Two years ago. For over one month. George: Did you like it? Linda: 9 There are many ancient churches and castles. It’s the best trip I’ve ever taken. George: Sounds great. 10 Linda: Good idea. You won’t regret it. A: Of course. B: Not exactly. C: What are you doing? D: When did you go there? E: Do you plan to move to Europe? F: Are you thinking of visiting Europe some day? G: I decide to make a trip next October on my annual leave. 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从每小题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 — I got that job I wanted at the public library. — ___________! That’s good news. A. Go ahead B. Cheers C. Congratulations D. Come on 12. It’s quite hot today. Do you feel like _________ for a swim? A. to go B. going C go D. having gone 13. Please send us all the information _________ you have about the candidate for the position. A. that B. which C. as D. what 14. The Scottish girl ________ blue eyes won the first prize in the Fifth Chinese Speech Contest. A. by B. of C. in D. with 15. ________ the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather. A. Why B. When C. That D. What 16. — You know, I met my girlfriend’s parents for the first time only yesterday. — ________? I thought you’d met them before. A. So what B. Pardon C. Really D. What for 17. No sooner ________ stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause. A. had Mo Yan B. Mo Yan had C. has Mo Yan D. Mo Yan has 18. Ralph W. Emerson would always ______ new ideas that occurred to him. A. set off B. set about C. set up D. set down 19. ________ village where I was born has grown into ________ town. A. The; a B. A; the C. The; the D. A; a 20. ________ the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times. A. Working out B. Worked out C. To work out D. Work out 21. I’d appreciate ________ if you could let me know in advance whether or not you will come. A. it B. you C. one D. this 22. During his stay in Xi’an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends ________, A. would recommend B. had recommended C. have recommended D. were recommending 23. We would rather our daughter ________ at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. A. would stay B. has stayed C. stayed D. stay 24. The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left _______ I could ask for their names. A. while B. before C. after D. since 25. My book, The House of Hales, is missing. Who ________ have taken it? A. need B. must C. should D. could 第四节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出适合填入对应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 ’s Day and I was shopping at the local supermarket with my five-year-old son, Tenyson. As we were 26 , we realized that only minutes earlier an 27 woman had fallen over at the entrance and hit her head on the ground. 28 was with her, but there was blood everywhere and the woman was embarrassed and clearly in shock. 29 a lot of people stopped to help out. 30 we were walking towards the scene, Tenyson became very 31 about what had happened to the elderly couple. He 32 to me, “Mom, it’s not much fun falling over in front of 33 .” Seeing that there was a flower stall(摊位)at the front of the supermarket, he added, “Why shouldn’t we 34 the lady a flower? It will make her feel better.” I was 35 that he’d come up with this 36 idea. So we went over and told the flower seller 37 we wanted. “Just take it,” she replied. “I 38 take your money for such a wonderful 39 .” By now medical staff had arrived, and were 40 the injured woman. We gave the flower to the woman’s husband and I told him it was 41 my son. At that, the old man started crying and said, “Thank you very much.” He then turned to me, “You have a 42 son. Happy Mother’s Day to you.” The man bent down and gave his wife the flower, telling ger who it was from. 43 being badly hurt, the old lady looked up at Tenyson with 44 in her eyes and gave him a little 45 . 26. A. leaving B. driving C. moving D. stopping 27. A. injured B. awkward C. honest D. elderly 28. A. Her husband B. My son C. The crowd D. The seller 29. A. Specifically B. Particularly C. Interestingly D. Fortunately 30. A. If B. Since C. While D. Unless 31. A. guilty B. curious C. angry D. worried 32. A. complained B. said C. lied D. responded 33. A. no one B. someone C. everyone D. anyone 34. A. lend B. bring C. leave D. buy 35. A. amazed B. shocked C. puzzled D. concerned 36. A. wise B. sweet C. innocent D. crazy 37. A. which B. when C. what D. whether 38. A. must not B. can’t C. may not D. needn’t 39. A. scene B. habit C. flower D. deed 40. A. checking with B. looking after C. operating on D. paying for 41. A. from B. to C. with D. about 42. A. respectful B. cheerful C. successful D. wonderful 43. A. Out of B. Regardless of C. Thanks to D. As to 44. A. love B. hope C. pity D. pain 45. A. idea B. money C. smile D. comfort 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节:(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30)阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A — which means each nation’s natural resource will be more important than ever. 46. According to the statistics, what is the world average of freshwater resource per person? A. 244,973 cubic kilometers B. 241 cubic kilometers C. 3,642 cubic kilometers D. 6,122 cubic kilometers 47. Which country or region has the most freshwater resource per year? A. Guyana B. Brazil C. Iceland D. China 48. Which country or region appears twice on the top 5 lists? A. Bhutan B. Seychelles C. Canada D. Suriname B When I told my father that I was moving to Des Moines, Iowa, he told me about the only time he had been there. It was in the 1930s, when he was an editor if the literary magazine of Southern Methodist University(SMU)in Dallas, Texas. He also worked as a professor at SMU, and there was a girl student in his class who suffered from a serious back disease. She couldn;t afford the operation because her family was poor. Her mother ran a boardinghouse in Galveston, a seaside town near Houston, Texas. She was cleaning out the attic(阁楼)one day when she came across an old dusty manuscript(手稿). On its top page were the words, “By O. Henry”. It was a nice story, and she sent it to her daughter at SMU, who showed it to my father. My father had never read the story before, but it sounded like O. Henry, and he knew that O. Henry had once lived in Houston. So it was possible that the famous author had gone to the beach and stayed in the Gainestown boardinghouse, and had written the story there and left the manuscript behind by accident. My father visited an O. Henry expert at Columbia University in New York, who authenticated the story as O. Henry’s. My father then set out to sell it. Eventfully, he foud himself in Des Moines, meeting with Gardner Cowles, a top editor at the Des Moines Register. Cowles loves the story and bought it on the spot. My father took the money to the girl. It was just enough for her to have the operation she so desperately needed. My father never told me what the O. Henry story was about. But i doubt that it could have been better than his own story. 49. Who found the O. Henry’s manuscript? A. The girl’s mother. B. The author’s father. C. The girl. D. The author. 50. Which of the following might explain the fact that the manuscript was found in the attic? A. O. Henry once worked in Houston. B. O. Henry once stayed in Galveston. C. O. Henry once moved to Des Moines. D. O. Henry once taught at SMU. 51. The underlined word “authenticated” in Paragraph 2 probably means __________. A. named B. treated C. proved D. described 52. According to the text, why did the author’s father go to Des Moines? A. To sell the O. Henry story. B. To meet the author himself. C. To talk with the O. Henry expert. D. To give money to the girl. C Why do Americans struggle with watching their weight, while the French, who consume rich food, continue to stay thin? Now a research by Cornell University suggests how life style and decisions about eating may affect weight. Researchers concluded that the French tend to stop eating when they feel full. However, Americans tend to stop when their plate is empty or their favorite TV show is over. According to Dr. Joseph Mercola, a health expert, the French see eating as an important part of their life style. They enjoy food and therefore spend a fairly long time at the table, while Americans see eating as something to be squeezed between the other daily activities. Mercola believes Americans lose the ability to sense when they are actually full. So they keep eating long after the French would have stopped. In addition, he points out that Americans drive to huge supermarkets to buy canned and frozen foods for the week. The French, instead, tend to shop daily, walking to small shops and farmers’ markets where they have a choice of fresh fruits, vegetables, and eggs as well as high-quality meats for each meal. After a visit to the United States, Mireille Guiliano, author of French Women Don’t Get Fat, decided to write about the importance of knowing when to stop rather than suggesting how to avoid food. Today she continues to stay slim and rarely goes to the gym. In spite of all these differences, evidence shows that recent life style changes may be affecting French eating habits. Today the rate of obesity — or extreme overweight — among adults is only 6%. However, as American fast food gains acceptance and the young reject older traditions, the obesity rate among French children has reached 17% — and is growing. 53. In what way are the French different from Americans according to Dr. Joseph Mercola? A. They go shopping at supermarkets more frequently. B. They squeeze eating between the other daily activities. C. They regard eating as a key part of their lifestyles. D. They usually eat too much canned and frozen food. 54. This text is mainly the relationship between _________. A. Americans and the French B. life style and obesity C. children and adults D. fast food and overweight 55. The text is mainly developed __________. A. by contrast B. by space C. by process D. by classification 56. Where does this text probably come from? A. A TV interview B. A food advertisement C. A health report D. A book review D One afternoon last week, I saw three tearful children from my son’s school being comforted by teachers. That morning, my 11-year-old had stomach pains, retching(干呕)into a bowl. Talking to other mothers later, I heard about other children with stomachache or difficult sleeping the night before. What caused so much pain? Sports day. Sports day might be necessary at a highly-competitive independent school, but not at a village primary school. For the children who can fly like the wind, sports day cause no problem. For those who are overweight or just not good at sport, it is nightmare(噩梦). Even for those who enjoy running but fall halfway down the track in front of the entire school and their parents, it can prove a disease. Why do we put our children through this annual suffering? Some may say competition is character building; or it’s taking part, not winning, that’s important; or that’s a tradition of school life. I just felt great pity for those children in tears or in pain. Team games at the end of sports day produced some close races, wild enthusiasm, lots of shouting — and were fun to watch. More importantly, the children who were not so fast or quick at passing the ball were hidden a little from everyone’s eyes. Some of them also had the thrill of being on the winning side. I wish that sports day could be abandoned and replaced with some other less competitive event. Perhaps an afternoon of team games, with a few races for those who want them, would be less stressful for the children and a lot more fun to watch. 57. What can we learn about the author’s son from Paragraph 1? A. He talked with some mothers. B. He comforted his classmates. C. He had difficulty in sleeping. D. He suffered from stomachache. 58. Sports day is still an annul event in this school probably because __________. A. this is an independent school B. it is a tradition of the school C. it helps children lose weight D. children enjoy watching sports 59. What does the author think about team games? A. They should include more stressful races. B. They are acceptable to different children. C. They should be abandoned at primary school. D. They are less fun for those who love running. 60. What is the author’s attitude towards sports day? A. Critical. B. Neutral. C. Positive. D. Ambiguous. 第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从下框的A~F选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有一项为多余项。 61. __________________ On the Mediterranean island of Majorca in Spain, the locals are angry. Too late. In the last quarter of 20th century, they obtained profit from foreign visitors wanting to buy up property on their beautiful island. Suddenly, it occurred to Majorca that the island no longer belonged to them. Its 630,000 inhabitants(居民)are increasingly convinced that the 14 million visitors a year are far too much of a good thing. Water is in short supply, pollution is worsening, and there is no affordable housing left for them to buy. 62. __________________ Tourism is the world’s largest and fastest growing industry. In 1950, 25 million people traveled abroad; last year, it was 750 million. The World Tourism Organization predicts that 1.6 billion people, by 2020, will travel each year, spending over two trillion(万亿)US dollars. 63. __________________ The host country may not see many benefits. In Thailand, 60% of the $ 4 billion annual tourism income leaves the country. Tourists arrange by travel companies tend to stay at a big foreign-owned hotels, buying few local products. Mass tourism(团队旅游)usually leaves little money inside the country and most of the money goes to the airlines, the tour operators,and the foreign hotel owners, who are the final winners of tourism. 64. __________________ These days the industry’s most urgent question may be how to control the flow of tourist. A typical example of this is Italy, where great cultural centers like the Florence and Venice can’t handle all the tourists they get every summer. In Florence, it’s half inhabitants have to live with the pollution, traffic jam, and crime caused by 11 million visitors a year. Now there is talk about how to solve these problems, like raising hotel taxes, or even changing admission to some public squares. The idea is to discourage at least some visitors, as well as to pay for cleaning up the mess. 65. __________________ For many poorer countries, tourism may still offer the best hope foe development. The Vietnamese are doing their best to open up their country. Libya has paid $ 1 million for a study. They all wanted tourists. Yet if something isn’t done, tourism seems certain to become the victim of its success. Its effect on the environment is a major concern. For this reason, tourist organizations need to have second thoughts about what exactly they are trying to sell. 第三部分 写作(共三节,满分55分) 单词拼写(共10题;每题1分,满分10分)根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词,在答题卡指定区域的横线上写出对应单词的正确、完整形式,每空只写一词。 ’m happy that my 80-year-old grandma has learned how to _________(下载)from the Internet. 72. They failed to reach a settlement, because they __________________(不同意)too much with each other. 73. Men and Women must be treated __________________(平等地)in education and employment. 74. On June 27, 2012, the Jiaolong reached a __________________(深度)of 7, 062 meters in the Pacific Ocean. 75. The advertisement for engineers in the local paper attracted many ________________(申请人). 第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌系的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线( ),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 — they were looked like rain! We ran to escape but fortunately no one was injured. That day I didn’t learn much about animals, insects or trees, but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity! 第三节 书面表达(满分30分) Feel like后跟非谓语动词作宾语时用动词v-ing形式,故选B。【答案与解析】A考查定语从句。先行词是information,指物,关系词在从句中做及物动词have的宾语,且先行词用不定代词all修饰,关系词只能用that,故选A。【答案与解析】D考查介词。题干意思是:在第五届汉语演讲比赛中,那位蓝眼睛的苏格兰女孩赢得了第一名。所填词介词意思是“有”,用with,故选D。【答案与解析】B考查名词性从句。题干意思是:延误了的航班何时起飞主要取决于天气。所填词引导主语从句,在从句中做时间状语,用when,故选B。【答案与解析】C考查交际用语。根据应答句的后一分句可以推断出所填词表示惊讶,意思应该是“真的吗?”故选C。A项意为“那又怎样?”B项意为“对不起,请你再说一遍。”D项意为“为什么?”都不符合题意。【答案与解析】A考查特殊句式。No sooner…than…引导时间状语从句,且当no sooner谓语主句句首时,主句用部分倒装句,即将主句谓语中的助动词、系动词或情态动词提到其主语前,故选A。【答案与解析】D考查动词短语。Set off意为“出发,动身”;set about意为“开始,着手”,后跟动词v-ing形式;set up意为“设立,建立”;set down意为“记下,写下,卸下”。题干意思是:Ralph W. Emerson总是记下他的新想法。故选D。【答案与解析】A考查冠词。第一空后名词village后有定语从句所修饰,表特指,故加the;第二空后名词town是可数名词单数,表泛指,加a,故选A。【答案与解析】C考查非谓语动词。题干意思是:为了解出那个数学难题,我去向Russell教授咨询过好几次。所填词做目的状语,用动词不定式,故选C。【答案与解析】A考查代词。I’d appreciate it if/when/that…是固定句式,it做形式宾语,故选A。【答案与解析】B考查动词时态。所填词动作发生在tried动作之前,即表“过去的过去”,用过去完成时,故选B。【答案与解析】C考查虚拟语气。Would rather后跟宾语从句时,从句谓语动词用过去式表示动作发生在现在或将来,用had+过去分词表是动作发生在过去。根据后一句中的is可知此处动词用过去式,故选C。【答案与解析】B考查状语从句。题干意思是:那对归还了我钱包的夫妻在我询问他们的姓名之前已经离开了。所填词引导时间状语从句,意思是“在……之前”,选B。【答案与解析】D考查情态动词。所填词表可能性,由前一分句可知可能性小,故选D。完形填空【要点综述】本文是一篇关于爱心故事的记叙文,大意是说明在母亲节当天,作者带着儿子去超市购物,在超市的入口处看到一对老年夫妇,老太太不小心摔倒了,磕破了头,周围的很多人都赶忙上前去救护她,作者也想上前帮忙时,儿子建议她不如给老太太买束花,作者觉得这时各好主意,于是领着儿子在附近的花店里买了一束花,送给了老太太,看到了鲜花,老太太和老公公的心情好了许多。【答案与解析】A考查动词。句意是:当我们刚要离开时,……。选A。【答案与解析】D考查形容词。A项意思是“受伤的”;B项意为“笨拙的,棘手的”;C项意为“诚实的”;D项意为“年老的”。根据后文中的the elderly couple可知选D。【答案与解析】A考查名词。根据后文中的the elderly couple可知此处选A。【答案与解析】D考查副词。A项意为“具体的”;B项意为“尤其,特别”;C项意为“有趣地”;D项意为“幸运地”。句意是:幸运的是很多人赶过去帮助她。选D。【答案与解析】C考查连词。根据句意可知所填词引导时间状语从句,意思是“当……的时候”,选C。【答案与解析】B考查形容词。句意是:Tenyson对那对老夫妇发生的事很好奇。选B。【答案与解析】B考查动词。根据直接引语可知此处所填词意思是“说”,后跟说话的内容,故选B。【答案与解析】C考查代词。根据第一自然段中的entrance可以推断出本句意思是:在所有人面前摔到并不好玩。所填词表整体,故选C。【答案与解析】D考查动词。根据后文的flower seller可以推断出所填词意思是“买”,故选D。【答案与解析】A考查形容词。A项意为“惊讶的”;B项意为“震惊的”;C项意为“疑惑的”;D项意为“关心的”。句意是:我惊讶于他能想到这么甜蜜的办法。选A。【答案与解析】B考查形容词。根据句意可知选B。【答案与解析】C考查连词。引导宾语从句,引导词做从句的宾语,指物,用what,选C。【答案与解析】B考查情态动词。所填词表示意愿,意思是“不能”,选B。【答案与解析】D考查名词。根据修饰词wonderful可知所填词意思是“事迹”,选D。【答案与解析】B考查动词短语。A项意为“核实,商议”;B项意为“照顾,照料”;C项意为“开动,做手术”;D项意为“为……祈祷”。符合句意的是B项。【答案与解析】A考查介词。根据后文中的telling her who it was from一句可知此处选A。【答案与解析】D考查形容词。A项意为“值得尊敬的”;B项意为“乐观的,高兴的”;C项意为“成功的”;D项意为“完美的,棒的”。句意是:你有一个很棒的儿子。选D。 B【解析】考查介词短语。A项意为“由于,从”;B项意为“无论,不管”;C项意为“幸亏,多亏”;D项意为“至于,关于”。句意是:尽管受了重伤,老太太抬头眼含爱意的看着Tenyson,向他笑了笑。选B。【答案与解析】A考查名词。根据句意可知所填词意思是“爱”,选A。【答案与解析】C考查名词。所填词与动词give构成搭配,意思是“给某人一个微笑”,故选C。阅读理解 A 【要点综述】科学调查表明:在未来的几十年中,地球上各个国家和地区的水资源将频临枯竭。【答案与解析】D细节理解题。根据freshwater resources, cubic meters perperson中的water average可知世界人均淡水的拥有量是6,122立方米,故选D。【答案与解析】B细节理解题。根据freshwater resources, cubic kilometers per year中的Top 5 average中可知巴西每年淡水的拥有量最多,故选B。【答案与解析】D推理判断题。根据图表的的三个部分中的top 5 average中有两词提到Suriname,由此可知选D。 B 【要点综述】“我”告诉父亲“我”要搬到爱荷华州的Des Moines城居住时,父亲给“我”讲述了一个多年前他在Des Moines城所遇到的一个故事,故事是关于著名短片小说家欧亨利的一篇故事手稿最终救人一命。【答案与解析】A推理判断题。根据第二自然段的第二句可知是那位女孩的母亲发现了欧亨利的手稿,故选A。【答案与解析】B推理判断题。根据第二自然段中的…and he knew that O. Henry had once lived in Houston. So it was possible that the famous author had gone to the beach and stayed in the Galveston boardinghouse, …一句可知本题选B。【答案与解析】C词义猜测题。文中本句意思是:我父亲带着那份手稿去拜访了纽约哥伦比亚大学的意为欧亨利研究专家,他证明这份手稿是欧亨利的真迹。由此可知本词意思是“证明”,故选C。【答案与解析】A推理判断题。根据第三自然段的前两句可知“我”的父亲去Des Moines的目的是为了卖欧亨利的手稿,故选A。 C 【要点综述】本文是一篇科普说明文,大意是说明美国康奈尔大学的专家研究表明美国人和法国人的饮食习惯对各自的体重的影响。【答案与解析】C细节理解题。根据第二自然段的首句可知法国人认为吃饭是他们日常生活的重要组成部分,故选C。【答案与解析】B主旨大意题。根据主题段——第一自然段的大意可知本文主要是说明生活习惯与肥胖之间的关系,故选B。【答案与解析】A篇章结构题。通读本文可知作者是通过美国和法国人的饮食习惯的对比来说明饮食习惯于肥胖的关系,故本题选A。【答案与解析】C推理判断题。本文大意是关系饮食习惯于肥胖的关系问题,由此可知文章应该选自于一项有关健康问题的报告,故选C。 D 【要点综述】本文作者通过描述自己11岁的儿子和几位同学在学校参加完体育比赛后的身体不适,提出了自己对于学校体育比赛改革的观点——将激烈的体育对抗比赛改为对抗性较小的赛事。【答案与解析】D细节理解题。根据本段的第二句可知作者的儿子在参加完体育比赛后肚子疼,干呕,故选D。【答案与解析】B细节理解题。根据第三自然段中的or that it is a tradition of school life一句可知本题选B。【答案与解析】B推理判断题。根据第四自然段的首句可以推断出作者认为团体比赛为不同的学生所接收,故选B。【答案与解析】A作者态度题。根据最后一自然段的大意可以推断出作者对于学校体育比赛持批评态度,故选A。第二节【要点综述】本文是一篇说明文,大意是举例说明了旅游业对所在地造成的负面影响。【答案与解析】B根据本段最后一句可知其大意是说明旅游业的负面影响,故选B。【答案与解析】C根据首句中的fastest growing可以推断出本段大意是说明世界各地旅游业的迅猛发展,故选C。【答案与解析】A通读本段可知其大意是说明旅游业真正的受益者是谁,故选A。【答案与解析】F本段大意是说明旅游业对所在地造成的问题,并提出了一些解决办法,故选F。【答案与解析】D根据最后一句可知本段大意是各国在发展旅游业时要谨慎从事,故选D。单词拼写【答案与解析】spring。做介词of的宾语,用名词单数。【答案与解析】tenth。根据汉语注释可知此处用序数词,故用tenth。【答案与解析】prefer。位于助动词would之后,用动词原形,构成后一分句的谓语。【答案与解析】waste。与to构成动词不定式的一般式,故用动词原形。【答案与解析】brave。做表语,无比较之意,故用形容词原形。【答案与解析】download。与to构成动词不定式,故用动词原形。【答案与解析】disagreed。做原因状语从句的谓语,由主句的谓语可知此处用一般过去时,故用动词过去式。【答案与解析】equally。修饰动词,用副词,无比较之意,故用副词原形。【答案与解析】depth。位于不定冠词a之后,用可数名词单数。【答案与解析】applicants。由many修饰,故用可数名词的复数。短文改错【答案与解析】want ∧teach-to。want后跟非谓语动词做宾语时用动词不定式,to不能省略。【答案与解析】come-came。本文主体时态是一般过去式,故come改为came。【答案与解析】have-having。前一句已有谓语动词,have做伴随状语,逻辑主语是句子的主语,与逻辑主语是主动关系,且与谓语动词动作同事进行,故用v-ing形式。【答案与解析】immediate-immediately。修饰动词jumped,应用副词immediately。【答案与解析】on-at。介词与shot构成搭配,意思是“向……瞄准”,故介词用at。【答案与解析】Neither-None。前文中未提到箭的数量,但根据意思可以推断出射出的不止两支,故此处不定代词应表示“(三者以上)都不……”,用none。【答案与解析】was-were。主语是复数arrows,动词也要用复数。【答案与解析】were或looked去掉。主语与谓语之间不是被动关系,故去掉助动词were。【答案与解析】but-and。根据句意可知前后两句是顺延关系,无转折之一,故用and。【答案与解析】a-an。冠词后的形容词impressive第一个音素是元音,故不定冠词用an。书面表达【思路点拨】本题是应用文写作,体裁是写欢迎辞,也是材料作文,文体格式已经给出,因此在审题环节主要从以下几点着手:(1)主体时态:一般现在时;(2)主体人称:第三人称;第二人称;(3)写作要点:①欢迎客人;②“英语周”活动;③活动目的;④活动内容;⑤祝愿。在审题结束后要注意表达的准确性,行文的逻辑性和句式、词汇的多样性,尽量使用多样化的词汇和句式,并注意写作的层次,恰当使用连接词和过渡性词汇,以增强文章的逻辑性和可读性。最后就是要注意书写的美观和标点符号的准确使用,避免拼写、标点等较低级的错误等。 高考学习网-中国最大高考学习网站Gkxx.com | 我们负责传递知识! 1. SURINAME 94.58 REST OF TOP 5 2. Micronesia 91.66 3. Seychelles 88.48 4. Samoa 88.40 5. Palau 87.61 123. CHINA 22.47 1. BRAZIL 5,418 REST OF TOP 5 2. Russian Federation 4,313 3. Canada 2,850 4. United States 2,818 5. CHINA 2,813 1. ICELAND 532,891 REST OF TOP 5 2. Guyana 304,723 3. Suriname 166,112 4. Papua New Guinea 114,216 5. Bhutan 106,923 102. CHINA 2,092 Freshwater resource, cubic kilometers per year(2011) WORLD AVERAGE 241 TOP 5 AVERAGE 3.642 Freshwater resource, cubic kilometers per person(2011) WORLD AVERAGE 6,122 TOP 5 AVERAGE 244, 973 Percentage of total land area covered by forests(2011)

本网部分资源来源于会员上传,除本网组织的资源外,版权归原作者所有,如有侵犯版权,请联系并提供证据(kefu@gkxx.com),三个工作日内删除。

精品专题more

友情链接:初中学习网人民网高考网易高考高中作文网新东方冬令营