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2014年高考真题——英语(天津卷)Word版含答案

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 天津

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资料类型:历年高考题

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2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)
第一部分: 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)
第一节: 单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
Give me a chance, ________ I’ll give you a wonderful surprise.
if  B. or C. and D. while
---Ok, I’ll fix your computer right now. ---Oh, take your time. __________.
I can’t stand it  B. I’m in no hurry  C. That’s a great idea  D. It’s not my cup of tea
Wind is now the world’s fastest growing ________ of power.
source  B. sense  C. result  D.  root
_______ you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier.
A. unless  B. Although  C. Before   D. Once
5. Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only _________ id didn’t fit
A. to find   B. found  C. finding  D. having found
6. _______ the school, the village has a clinic, which was also built with government support.
A. In reply to  B. In addition to  C. In charge of  D. In place of
7. Clearly and thoughtfully________, the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers.
A. writing  B. to write  C. written  D. being written
8. Life the like ________ ocean; Only ________strong-willed can reach the other shore.
A. an; the  B. the; a  C. the ;/  D. / ; a
9. My parents always _______ great importance to my getting a good education.
A. have   B. attach  C. accept  D. pay
10. ---How long have you been learning English? ----_________! Your English is so good.
A. You can’t be serious  B. You got it  C. I couldn’t agree more  D. I’m stuck
11. We won’t start the work until all the preparations __________.
A. are being made  B. will be made  C. have been made  D. had been made
12. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, _________ uses it differently.
A. all of which  B. each of which  C. all of them  D. each of them
13. The two countries are going to meet to _______ some barriers to trade between them.
A. make up  B. use up  C. turn down  D. break down
14. I think _______ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses.
A. what  B. that  C. which  D. who
15. ________ the morning train, he would not have been late for the meeting.
A. Did he catch   B. should be catch  C. has he caught  D. Had he caught
第二节: 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从16-35各题所给A,B,C,D的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
One night, when I was eight , my mother gently asked me a question I would never forget. “Sweetie, my company wants to   16  me but needs me to work in Brazil. This is like your teacher telling that you’ve done  17   and allowing you to skip a grade(跳级), but you’ll have to  18  your friends. Would you say yes to your teacher?” She gave me a hug and asked me to think about it. I was puzzled. The question kept me 19 for the rest of the night I had said “yes” but for the first time, I realized the 20 decisions adults had to make.
For almost four years, my mother would call us from Brazil every day. Every evening I’d  21  wait for the phone to ring and then tell her every detail of my day. A phone call, however, could never replace her  22  and it was difficult not to feel lonely at times.
During my fourth-grade Christmas break, we flew to Rio to visit her. Looking at her large  23  apartment, I became  24  how lonely my mother must have been in Brazil herself. It was then 25  I started to appreciate the tough choices she had to make on  26  family and work.  27  difficult decisions, she used to tell me, you wouldn’t know whether you make the right choice, but you could always make the best out of the situation, with passion and a  28  attitude.
Back home , I  29  myself that what my mother could do, I could, too. If she 30  to live in Rio all by herself, I, too, could learn to be  31  . I learn how to take care of myself and set high but achievable  32. 
My mother is now back with us. But I will never forget what the  33  has really taught me. Sacrifices  34  in the end. The separation between us has proved to be  35  for me.
16. A. attract  			B. promote   		C. surprise  			D. praise
17. A. little   			B. much  			C. well   			D. wrong
18. A. leave  			B. refuse  			C. contact  			D. forgive
19. A. explaining  		B. sleeping  			C. wondering  		D. regretting
20. A. poor  			B. timely  			C. final  				D. tough
21. A. eagerly  			B. politely  			C. nervously   		D. curiously
22. A. patience  		B. presence  			C. intelligence  		D. Influence
23. A. Comfortable  		B. Expensive  		C. Empty  			D. Modern
24. A. Interested in  		B. aware of  			C. doubtful  			D. satisfied with
25. A. when  			B. where   			C. which  			D. that
26. A. abandoning  		B. balancing  			C. comparing  		D. mixing
27. A. Depending on  	B. supplied with  		C. Faced with  		D. Insisting on
28. A. different  		B. friendly  			C. positive  			D. general
29. A. criticized  		B. informed  			C. warned  			D. reminded
30. A. managed  		B. offered  			C. attempted  		D. expected
31. A. grateful  			B. energetic  			C. independent  		D. practical
32. A. examples  		B. limits  			C. rules  				D. goals
33. A. question  		B. experience  		C. history  			D. occasion
34. A. pay off  			B. come back  		C. run out   			D. turn up
35. A. blessing  			B. gathering   		C. failure  			D. pleasure
第二部分: 阅读理解(共20小题, 每小题2.5分, 满分50分)
A
A Guide to the University
Food
The TWU Cafeteria is open 7am to 8pm. It serves snacks(), drinks, ice cream bars and meals. You can pay with cash or your ID cards. You can add meal money to your ID cards at the Front Desk. Even if you do not buy your food in the cafeteria, you can use the tables to eat your lunch, to have meetings and to study.
If you are on campus in the evening or lat at night, you can buy snacks, fast food, and drinks in the Lower Café located in the bottom level of the Gouglas Centre. This area is often used for entertainment such as concerts, games or TV watching.
Relaxation
The Globe, located in the bottom level of McMillan Hall, is available for relaxing, studying , cooking, and eating. Monthly activities are held here for all international students. Hours are 10 am to 10 pm, closed on Sundays.
Health
Located on the top floor of Douglas Hall, the Wellness Centre is committed to physical, emotional and social health. A doctor and nurse is available if you have health questions or need immediate medical help or personal advice. The cost of this is included in your medical insurance. Hours are Monday to Friday, 9am to noon and 1;00 to 4;30pm.
Academic Support
All students have access to the Writing Centre on the upper floor of Douglas Hall. Here, qualified volunteers will work with you on written work, grammar, vocabulary, and other academic skills. You can sign up for an appointment on the sign-up sheet outside the door two 30 –minute appointments per week maximum. This service is free.
Transportation
The TWU Express is a shuttle() service. The shuttle transports students between campus and the shopping centre, leaving from the Mattson Centre. Operation hours are between 8am and 3pm. Saturdays only. Round trip fare is $1.
36. What can you do in the TWU Cafeteria?
A. Do homework and watch TV
B. Buy drinks and enjoy concerts 
C. have meals and meet with friends
D. Add money to your ID and play chess
37. Where and when can you cook your own food?
A. The Globe, Friday
B. The Lower Café, Sunday
C. The TWU Cafeteria , Friday
D. The McMillan Hall , Sunday.
38. The Guide tells us that the Wellness Centre  _________.
A. is open six days a week
B. offers services free of charge
C. trains students in medical care
D. gives advice on mental health
39. How can you seek help from the Writing Centre?
A. By applying online
B. By calling the centre
C. By filling in a sign-up form
D. By going to the centre directly
40. What is the function of TWU Express?
A. To carry students to the lecture halls.
B. To provide students with campus tours
C. To take students to the Mattson Centre.
D. To transport students to and from the stores.
B
A world-famous Canadian author, Margaret Atwood, has created the world’s first long-distance signing device(装置), the LongPen.
After many tiring……from city to city, Atwood thought there must be a better way to do them . She hired some technical experts and started her own company in 2004. Together they designed the LongPen. Here’s how it works: The author writes a personal message and signature on a computer tablet(手写板) using a special pen. On the receiving end, in another city, a robotic arm fitted with a regular pen signs the book. The author and fan can talk with each other via webcams(网络摄像机) and computer screens。
Work on the LongPen began in Atwood’s basement(地下室). At first, they had no idea it would be as hard as it turned out to be. The device went through several versions, including one that actually had smoke coming out of it. The investing finally completed, teat runs w ere made in Ottawa, and the LongPen was officially launched at the 2006 London Book Fair. From here , Atwood conducted two transatlantic book signings of her latest book for fans in Toronto and New York City.
The LongPen produces a unique signature each time because it copies the movement of the author in real time. It has several other potential applications. It could increase credit card security and allow people to sign contracts from another province. The video exchange between signer and receiver can be recorded on DVD for proof when legal documents are used.
“It’s really fun”, said the owner of a bookstore, who was present for one of the test runs. “Obviously you can’t shake hands with the author but there are chances for a connection that you don’t get from a regular book signing..
The response to the invention has not been all favorable. Atwood has received criticism from authors who think she is trying to end book tours. But she said, “It will be possible to go to places that you never got sent to before because the publishers couldn’t  afford it.”
41. Why did Atwood decide to invent the LongPen?
A. To set up her own company
B. To win herself greater popularity
C. To write her books in a new way
C. To make book signings less tiring
42. How does the LongPen work?
A. I copies the author’s signature and prints it on a book.
B. It signs a book while  receiving the author’s signature.
C. The webcam sends the author’s signature to another city.
D. The fan uses it to copy the author’s signature himself.
43. What do we know about the invention of the LongPen?
A. It has been completed but not put into use.
B. The basement caught fire by accident.
C. Some versions failed before its test run.
D. The designers were well-prepared for the difficulty.
44. How could the LongPen be used in the future?
A. To draft legal documents.
B. To improve credit card security
C. To keep a record of the author’s ideas.
D. To allow author and fan to exchange videos
45. What could be inferred from Paragraphs 5 and 6?
A. Atwood doesn’t mean to end book tours.
B. Critics think the LongPen is of little use
C. Bookstore owners do not support the LongPen
D. Publishers dislike the LongPen for its high cost
C
“Dad,” I say one day …..take a trip. Why don’t you fly and meet me?”
My father had just reired……….. His job filled his day, his thought, his life. While he woke up and took a warm shower, I screamed under a freezing waterfall Peru. While he tied a tie and put on the same Swiss watch, I rowed a boat across Lake of the Ozarks.
My father sees me drfting aimlessly, nothing to show for my 33 years but a passport full of funny stamps. He wants me to settle down, but now I want him to find an adventure.
He agrees to travel with me through the national parks. We meet four weeks later in Rapid City.
“ What is our first stop?” asks my father.
“What time is it?”
“Still don’t have a watch?”
Less than an hour away is Mount Rushmore. As he stares up at the four Presidents carved in granite(), his mouth and eyes open slowly, like those of little boy.
“Unbelievable,” he says, “How was this done?”
A film in the information center shows sculptor Gutzon Borglum devoted 14 years to the sculpture and then left the final touches to his son.
We stare up and I ask myself, Would I ever devote my life to anything?
No directions, …… I always used to hear those words in my father’s voice. Now I hear them in my own.
The next day we’re at Yellowstone National Park, where we have a picnic.
“Did you ever travel with your dad? I ask.
“Only once,” he says. “ I never spoke much with my father. We loved each other---but never said it. Whatever he could give me, he gave.”>
The kast sebtebce----it’s probably the same thing I’s say about my father. And what I’d want my child to say about me.
In Glacier National Park, my father says, “I’ve never seen water so blue.” I have, in several places of the world, I can keep traveling, I realize--- and maybe a regular job won’t be as dull as I feared.
Weeks after our trip, I call my father. 
“The photos from the trip are wonderful,” he says.” We have got to take another trip like that sometime.
I tell him I’ve learn decided to settle down, and I’m wearing a watch.
46. We can learn from Paragraphs 2 and 3 that the father _________.
A. followed the fashion
B. got bored with his job
C. was unhappy with……
D. liked the author’s collection of stamps
47. What does the author realize at Mount Rushmore?
A. His father is interested in sculpture
B. His father is as innocent as a little boy
C. He should learn sculpture in the future
D. He should pursue a specific aim in life.
48. From the underlined paragraph, we can see that the author________.
A. wants his children to learn from their grandfather
B. comes to understand what parental love means
C. learns how to communicate with his father
D. hopes to give whatever he can to his father
49. What could be inferred about the author and his father from the end of the story?
A. The call solves their disagreements
B. The Swiss watch has drawn them closer
C. They decide to learn photography together.
D. They begin to change their attitudes to life
50. What could be the best title for the passage?
A. Love Nature, Love Life 
B. A Son Lost in Adventure
C. A Journey with Dad
The Art of Travel
D
People aren’t walking any more---if they can figure out a way to avoid it.
I felt superior about this matter until  the other day I took my car to mail a small parcel. The journey is a matter of 281 steps. But I used the car. And I wasn’t in ay hurry, either, I had merely become one more victim of a national sickness: motorosis.
It is an illness to which I had thought myself immune(), for I was bred in the tradition of going to places on my own two legs. At that time, we regarded 25 miles as good day’s walk and the ability to cover such a distance in ten hours as sign of strength and skill. It did not occur to us that walking was a hardship. And the effect was lasting. When I was 45 years old I raced –and beat—a teenage football player the 168 steps up the Stature of Liberty.
Such enterprises today are regarded by many middle-aged persons as bad for the heart. But a well-known British physician, Sir Adolphe Abrhams, pointed out recently that hearts and bodies need proper…… is more likely to have illnesses than one who exercises regularly. And wlaking is an ideal form of exercise--- the most familiar and natural of all.
It was Henry Thoreau who showed mankind the richness of going on foot. The man walking can learn the  trees, flower, insects, birds and animals, the significance of seasons, the very feel of himself as a living creature in a living world, He cannot learn in a car.
The car is a convenient means of transport, but we have made it our way of life. Many people don’t dare to approach Nature any more; to them the world they were born to enjoy is all threat. To them security is a steel river thundering on a concrete road. And much of their thinking takes place while waiting for the traffic light to turn green.
I say that the green of forests is the mind’s best light. And none but the man on foot can evaluate what is basic and everlasting.
51. What is the national sickness?
A. Walking too much
B. Traveling too much
C. Driving cars too much
D. Climbing stairs too much.
52. What was life like when the author was young?
A. People usually went around on foot.
B. people often walked 25 miles a day
C. People used to climb the Statue of Liberty.
D. people considered a ten-j\hour walk as a hardship.
53. The author mentions Henry Thoreau to prove that
A. middle-aged people like getting back to nature
B. walking in nature helps enrich one’s mind
C. people need regular exercise to keep fit
D. going on foot prevents heart disease
54. What is compared to “a steel river” in Paragraph6?
A.  A queue of cars
B. A ray of traffic light
C. A flash of lightning
D. A stream of people
55. What is the author’s intention of writing this passage?
A. To tell people to reflect more non life.
B. To recommend people to give up driving
C. To advise people to do outdoor activities
D. To encourage people to return to walking
第II卷
第三部分: 写作
第一节: 阅读表达(共5小题; 每小题2分, 满分10分)
阅读短文, 按照题目要求用英语回答问题。
Last December, Doris Low turned 90. Once a week she still drives to the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) in Toronto, where she helps transform literature into Braille() to bring the power of story and knowledge to the hears and minds of blind readers. She has been volunteering her time and talents to such enterprises foe more than 40 years.
After working in the business world for a while, Low got fed up. So she turned to teaching at a technical school and later moved into the library.
Low’s mother liked reading. As her eyes began to fail, low read to her. Then “ hearing an advertisement encouraging people to learn Braille, I decided to give it a try.” In 1973, she was certified as a braille transcriber (转译者) and began transcribing books as a volunteer for the CNIB library.
The job was strenuous ---she could get to the end of a page, make a mistake on the last line, and have to do the whole thing again. For a number of years, low also worked in the CNIB sound studio reading books onto tape. Three years ago, she took up proofreading (校对) at the CNIB’s word factory.
In April, during Volunteer Week, the CNIB recognized Low for her great contributions. Thanks to volunteers like Low, the CNIB library has got more than 80,000 accessible materials for people unable to read traditional print. “ I can’t imagine how many readers of all ages have benefited from 
Doris’s contribution as a skilled volunteer through her rich voice and her high degree of accuracy in the hundreds of books she has brailled and proofread over the years--- and she is still doing so,” said a CNIB official.
“For me,” said Low, “the CNIB is more than just a place to volunteer. Three thins matter most in my life: a little play, a little work, a little love. I’ve found them all here.”
56. What does Low still do at the age of 90 at the CNIB? ( no more than 10 words)
57. why did Low learn Braille? ( no more than 15 words)
58. what does the underlined word “strenuous” most probably mean?(1 word)
59. What are Low’s contributions to the CNIB? ( no more than 10 words)
60. What do you think of Low? Give your reasons. ( no more than 20 words)
第二节: 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津, 得知美国学生Chris 作为交换生, 下学期将到你班学习。 请你根据以下提示, 给他写封邮件:
表示欢迎
介绍与本地生活相关的信息(如天气, 饮食等)
介绍本班情况
希望Chris做哪些事情, 以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊
注意:
请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息。
可适当加入细节, 使内容充实,行文连贯。
词数不少于100; 开头已给出, 不计入总词数。
参考词汇:
交换生  exchange student
Dear Chris, 
I’m Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven.








2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(天津卷)

英语笔试参考答案
第一卷
1.-5 CBADA  6-10 BCABA  11-15 CBDAD 16-20 BCACD 21-25 ABCBD 26-30 BCCDA
31-35 CDBAA 36-40 CADCD  41-45 DBCBA 46-50 CDBDC 51-56 CABAD
56. She helps transform literature into Braille ( for blind readers / the blind)
57. (Because ) her mother’s eyes began to fail ans she heard an/ the advertisement.
58. …. Hard/ tiring ? Tough
59. she has brailled and proofread hundreds of books, and read books onto tape.
60 Low is kind and helpful because she has devoted much time to transcribing books into Braille as a volunteer.
Or Low is a kin-hearted lady with a positive attitude toward life because she takes delight in helping others.

















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