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2014年高考真题——英语(安徽卷)精校版 word版 无答案

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2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,第Ⅰ卷第1至第14页,第Ⅱ卷第15至第16页。全卷满分150分,考试时间120分。
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.     B. £9.18.      C. £9.15.
答案是C。
1. What does the woman want to do?
A. Find a place.
B. Buy a map.
C. Get an address.
2. What will the man do for the woman?
A. Repair her car.
B. Give her a ride.
C. Pick up her aunt.
3. Who might Mr.Peterson be?
A. A new professor.
B. A department head.
C. A company director.
4. What does the man think of the book?
A. Quite difficult.
B. Very interesting.
C. Too simple.
5. What are the speakers talking about?
A.Weather.
B. Clothes.
C. News.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答6、7题。
6. Why is Harry unwilling to join the woman?
A. He has a pain in his knee.
B. He wants to watch TV.
C. He is too lazy.
7. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Stay at home. 
B. Take Harry to hospital.
C. Do some exercise.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. When will the man be home from work?
A. At 5:45.
B. At 6:15.
C.At 6:50.
9. Where will the speakers go?
A. The Green House Cinema.
B. The New State Cinema.
C. The UME Cinema.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. How will the speakers go to New York?
A. By air.
B.By taxi.
C.By bus.
11. Why are the speakers making the trip?
A.For business.
B. For shopping.
C. For holiday.
12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Driver and passenger.
B. Husband and wife.
C. Fellow workers.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.Where does this conversation probably take place?
A. In the restaurant.
B. In an office.
C. In a classroom.
14. What does John do now?
A. He’s a trainer.
B. He’s a tour guide.
C. He’s a college student.
15. How much can a new person earn for the first year?
A. $10,500.
B. $12,000.
C. $15,000.
16. How many people will the woman hire?
A. Four.
B. Three.
C. Two.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long has the speaker lived in a big city?
A. One year.
B. Ten years.
C. Eighteen years.
18. What is the speaker’s opinion on public transport?
A. It’s comfortable.
B. It’s time-saving.
C. It’s cheap.
19. What is good about living in a small town?
A. It’s safer.
B. It’s healthier.
C. It’s more convenient.
20. What kind of life does the speaker seem to like most?
A. Busy.
B. Colourful.
C. Quiet.

第二部分   英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child         he or she wants.
A. howevery        B. whatever     C. whichever      D. whenever
答案是B。
21.—Reading is the best way to pass time on the train.
—          , I never go traveling without a book.
A.You are joking                   B.That's true
C.I don't think so                   D.It sounds like fun
22.The exact year        Angela and her family spent together in China was 2008.
A. When          B. where        C. why              D. which
23.The twins, Who       their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground.
A. will finish           B. finish 
   C. have finished         D. had finished
24.You can ask anyone for help.       here is willing to lend you a hand.
A. One     B. No one    C. Everyone    D. Someone
25.The meaning of the word "nice' changed a few tines        it finally came to include the sense "pleasant."
A. before   B. after      C. since    D. while
26.Terry, please       your cell phone when Grandma is talking to you.
A. look up from                          B. look into  
C. look back on                          D. look through
27.My good performance in the job interview left me       about my future and about what I can do here.
A. puzzled   B. sensitive   C. optimistic   D. embarrassed
28.When the sports hero      at our party, he was welcomed with open arms.
A. turned up              B. left off
C. moved on              D. got away
29.— Why not buy a second-hand car first if you don't have enough money for a new one?
— That's a good        .
A. saying     B. question    C. suggestion    D. account
30.People are recycling many things which they       away in the past.
A. had thrown       B. will be throwing
C. were throwing    D. would have thrown
31.What we expect from you is working hard       hardly working.
A. less than       B. rather than
C. as well as     D. as much as
32.While waiting for the opportunity to get     , Henry did his best to perform his duty.
A. promote   B. promoted   C. promoting   D. to promote
33.It's our hope that we will play a greater role in the market place and,       ,supply more jobs.
A. however        B. anywhere
C. therefore       D. otherwise
34.Shakespeare's writing is still popular today. It has really        the test of time.
A. failed   B. stood    C. taken    D. conducted
35.— I get at least half an hour of exercise almost every day.
— Oh great!          .
A. Good luck       B. Cheer up
C. Same to you      D. Keep it up
第二节  完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。In 2012, I had just recovered form a serious illness when I received an invitation to a writer's conference in Orlando, Florida. My family persuaded me that a(n)  36  might be just what the doctor ordered, so off I   37   . 
Arriving in the Sunshine State was rather tiring, but I   38   to catch a taxi to my   39   and settle in. Next morning, I took another   40   to the shopping centre to buy a few souvenirs.   41   I went to a cafe to have lunch, but all the tables were   42   . Then I heard a friendly voice saying, "You can   43   my table."
I gratefully sat down with the   44    lady and we had a happy lunch together. As the    45   drew to a close she asked how long I would be in Orlando. I had already told her that I hadn't   46   a car, and  hadn't  realised  how   47   taking taxis would he, After a while she said, "My dear, don't use any more taxis. I'm retired and it would be my pleasure to   48   you wherever you wish." I told her that I couldn't put her to that   49   ,but she brushed aside my protests (反对)。She asked me where I was   50   and next morning she was waiting at my apartment at the   51   time to take me to Disney World. She spent some time with me before leaving me to   52   alone. At the end of the day, she   53  to take me back to my accommodation. I   54   her money but she refused to take any.
I'll never forget that wonderful lady who, through her   55   , filled my brief holiday in Florida with wonderful memories.
36.A. holiday 		B. ceremony		C. operation		D. experiment
37.A. kept B. went 			C. dropped		D. knocked
38.A. intended B. promised 		C. managed		D. deserved
39.A. hospital B. company		C. university		D. accommodation
40.A. colleague B. passenger 		C. suitcase		D. taxi
41.A. Instead B. First 			C. Later			D. Once
42.A. classifiedB. occupied		C. decorated		D. painted
43.A. share B. reserve		C. set			D. possess
44.A. oldB. poor 			C. innocent		D. stubborn
45.A. journey B. meal			C. speech			D. interview
46.A. donated B.repaired		C. hired 			D. guided
47.A.convenient B. worthwhile		C. unfortunate		D. expensive
48.A.inspire B. entertain		C. call			D. drive
49.A.businessB. argument 		C. trouble			D. challenge
50.A.working B. staying		C. moving		D. shopping
51.A.appointedB.limited			C. favourite 		D. regular
52.A. digestB. explore 		C.perform 		D. calculate
53.A.forgotB. refused		C. returned		D.preferred
54.A.sentB.lent			C. offered 		D. owed
55.A.confidenceB. dignity		C.curiosity		D. kindness

第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
AWATCH CONTROL
This is a watch that James Bond would be proud to wear!
This is NOT a watch for ordinary people!
Your electronic PENGO WATCH CONTROL
( acts as a remote control for TVs and videos.
( gives you a daily weather forecast.
( reminds you when to hand in your homework.
( sets off a silent warning alarm when parents or teachers are near.
Besides, your PENGO WATCH CONTROL
will always tell you the time accurately!
Originally sold for $199
NOW ONLY $99
For further information, click here.		
Personal Robot
Make your parents and teachers happy !
Are you having problems finishing your homework on time? Do you avoid tidying your room until your mom shouts at you? You don’t need to worry if you buy a Mr. Helping Hand personal robot.Mr. H can be programmed to organize your homework.Your own personal robot will follow you around, putting away books and objects that you have left on the floor or bed.
Mr. H also has these features (特点)
·weighs only 500 grams
·includes long-lasting batteries
·comes with a 5-year guarantee
·remembers simple instructions
Originally (最初) sold for $499
NOW ONLY $299

BUY  NOW

		
56. With help from a Mr.H, you can          .
A. stop using batteries.
B. finish your homework on time.
C. remember your teacher’s instructions.
D. get your room tidied on your way home.
57. A PENGO WATCH CONTROL can help you to         .
A. repair your TV         B. organize your homework
C. be a James Bond       D. know what the weather is like
58. You can get your Mr. H for         .
A. $499     B. $299      C. $199       D. $99
59. Where would you be most likely to find the two texts?
A. On a notice board      B. In a company brochure.
C. On a teenage website   D. In a college newspaper.
B
Recordings of angry bees are enough to send big, tough African elephants running away, a new study says. Beehives (蜂窝)-either recorded or real-may even prevent elephants from damaging farmer's crops.
In 2002, scientist Lucy King and her team found that elephants avoid certain trees with bees living in them. Today,  Lucy wants to see if African honeybees might discourage elephants from eating crops. But before she asked farmer to go to the trouble of setting up beehives on their farms, she needed to find out if the bees would scare elephants away.
Lucy found a wild beehive inside a tree in northern Kenya and set up a recorder. Then she threw a stone into the beehive, which burst into life. Lucy and her assistant hid in their car until the angry bees had calmed down. Next,Lucy searched out elephant families in Samburu National Reserve in northern Kenya and put a speaker in a close to each family.
From a distance, Lucy switched on the pre-recorded sound of angry bees while at the same time recording the elephants with a video camera. Half the elephant groups left the area within ten seconds. Out of a total of 17 groups, only one group ignored the sound of the angry bees. Lucy reported that all the young elephants immediately ran to their mothers to hide under them. When Lucy Played the sound of a waterfall (瀑布) instead of the angry bees to many of the same elephant families, the animals were undisturbed. Even after four minutes, most of the groups stayed in one place.
Lucy is now studying whether the elephants will continue to avoid the sound of angry bees after hearing it several times. She hasn't tested enough groups yet to know, but her initial (最初的) results were promising enough to begin trials with farmers. She has now begun placing speakers in the fields to see if elephants are frightened away.

60. We know from the passage that elephants may he frightened of         .
A. loud noises   B. some crops
C. video cameras D. angry bees
61. As mentioned in the passage, Lucy
A. works by herself in Africa
B. needs to test more elephant groups
C. has stopped elephants eating crops
D. has got farmers to set up beehives on their farms
62. Why did Lucy throw a stone into a wild beehive?
A. To record the sound of bees.
B. To make a video of elephants.
C. To see if elephants would run away.
D. To find out more about the behavior of bees.
63. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Young elephants ignore African honeybees.
B. Waterfalls can make elephants stay in one place.
C. Elephants do not go near trees with bees living in them. 
D. Farmers do not allow Lucy to conduct tests in their fields.
C
You are the collector in the gallery of your life. You collect. You might not mean to but you do. One out of three people collects tangible(有形的)things such as cats, photos and noisy toys.
There are among some 40 collections that are being shown at “The Museum Of”—the first of several new museums which, over the next two years, will exhibit the objects accumulated by unknown collectors. In doing so, they will promote a popular culture of museums, not what museums normally represent.
Some of the collections are fairly common—records, model houses. Others are strangely beautiful—branches that have fallen from tree, for example. But they all reveal (显露)a lot of things: ask someone what they collect and their answers will tell you who they are.
Other on the way include “The museum of Collectors” and “The Museum of Me.”These new ones, it is hoped, will build on the success of “The Museum Of.” The thinkers behind the project want to explore why people collect, and what it means to do so. They hope that visitors who may not have considered themselves collectors will begin to see they, too, collect.
Some collectors say they started or stopped making collections at important point: the beginning or end of adolescence—“it’s a growing-up thing; you stop when you grow up,”says one. Other painful times are mentioned, such as the end of a relationship. For time and life can seem so uncontrollable that a steady serial(顺序排列的)arrangement is comforting.
64. How will the new museums promote a popular culture of museums?
A. By collecting more tangible things.
B. By showing what ordinary people have collected.
C. By correcting what museums normally represent.
D. By accumulating 40 collections two years from now.
65. What can be learned about collectors from their collections?
A. Who they are.
B. How old they are.
C.Where they were born.
D. Why they might not mean to collect.
66. Which of the following is an aim of the new museums?
A. To help people sell their collections.
B. To encourage more people to collect.
C. To study the significance of collecting.
D. To find out why people visit museums.
67. According to the last paragraph, people may stop collecting when they        
A. become adults
B. feel happy with life
C. are ready for a relationship
D. feel time to he uncontrollable
D
Should we allow modern buildings to be built next to older buildings in a historic area of  a city? In order to answer this question, we must first examine whether people really want to preserve the historic feel of an area. Not all historical buildings are attractive. However, there may be other reasons for example, economic (经济的) reasons-why they should be preserved. So, let us assume that historical buildings are both attractive and important to the majority of people. What should we do then if a new building is needed?
In my view, new architectural styles can exist perfectly well alongside an older style. Indeed, there are many examples in my own home town of Tours where modern designs have been placed very successfully next to old buildings. As long as the building in question is pleasing and does not dominate (影响) its surroundings too much, it often improves the attractiveness of the area.
It is true that there are examples of new buildings which have spoilt (破坏) the area they are in, but the same can be said of some old buildings too. Yet people still speak against new buildings in historic areas. I think this is simply because people are naturally conservative(保守的)and do not like change.
Although we have to respect people's feelings as fellow users of the buildings, I believe that it is the duty of the architect and planner to move things forward . If we always reproduced what was there before,we would all still be living in caves . Thus , I would argue against copying previous architectural styles and choose something fresh and different , even though that might be the more risky choice.
What does the author say about historical buildings in the first paragraph?
Some of them are not attractive.
Most of them ate too expensive to preserve.
They are more pleasing than modern buildings.
They have nothing to do with the historic feel of an area.
Which of the following is true according to the author ?
We should reproduce the same old buildings.
Buildings should not dominate their surroundings.
Some old buildings have spoilt the area they are in.
No one understands why people speak against new buildings.
By “move things forward ” in the last paragraph , the author probably means“      ”
Destroy old buildings
Put things in a different place 
Choose new architectural styles
Respect people’s feelings for historical buildings
What is the main purpose of the passage?
To explain why people dislike change.
To warn that we could end up living in caves.
To admit how new buildings have ruined their surroundings.
To argue that modern buildings can be built in historic areas.

E
You may not  have heard of Ashoka,  but for the past 27 years,this association, founded by Bill Drayton, has fought  poverty (贫穷)and sickness, promoted education and  encouraged small businesses. To support these worthy causes, Ashoka provides money for the world's most  promising "changemakers" seeking to solve (解决) urgent problems and would like to create a  world in which every citizen is a changemaker.
Drayton believes that anyone can become an agent for change. The important thing is to simply give yourself permission. If you see a problem that you care about, you can help solve it. The young in particular are willing to accept this concept because at heart every child wants to grow into a happy, healthy,  contributing adult. In fact It is many young people's ambition to set up programmes or businesses that improve social conditions. An excellent example is an Ashoka project started in 1995 in Dhaka, which handled the rubbish problem facing the city ,helped local farmers and provided an income for poor people there .
When Masqsood and Iftekhar began to study the problem of all the uncollected rubbish that lay in Dhaka’s streets,Attracting tats and disease , they discovered that 80% of it was natural waste . So they educated the poor people in the city to compost (把……制成堆粪)this waste . They kmew that they would have a market for the end product because local farmers were struggling with chemical ferntilisers (化肥) which were expensive and had reduced the natural minerals in the soil over the years . At first , they were refused ,but once they were able to persuade them that there was money to be made , the project took off. In 2009 sales were $14,000.
Drayton is optimistic that in ten years Ashoka will be making really serious ,practical progress in bringing about social change by changing the way we look at economic development.
72. Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?
A. Cltungemakers		    B. Businessmen
C. Social Conditions		    D.Rubbish Problem
73. The underlined word "them" in Paragraph 3 probably refers to"        "
A. the local farmers 		    B. Masqsood and Iftekhar
C. Drayton and his team		D. the poor people in Dhaka
74. It can be concluded from the passage that anyone can become a changemaker if he      .
A. considers Drayton's concept
B. gets permission from Ashoka
C. tries to improve social conditions
D. is a young, happy and healthy adult
The authors attitude towards Ashoka's program can be described as        
A. changing		B. forgiving		C. cautious		D. Positive

第II卷
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
任务型读写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。
注意:每个空格只填一个单词。
Many people believe that classical music is not relevant music is not relevant to young people today . However, this issue (问题) frequently causes heated debate.
Some people say that classical music is associated only with old people .For example, if you look at the audience at a classical concert , the majority is over the age of fifty.
Others say it is more popular than we first imagine . Many young people listen to classical music without realising .It is often used in films and advertisements. For example.a famous piece of classical music was used as the theme music for the 1990 World Cup . Not many people could have given its name , but millions enjoyed it .
Also,some people point out that young people produce new music based on classical ideas: for example, it is said that rap(说唱)music was invented by a classical musician in 1912, but it is now used by young people in pop music.
However, young people point to the fact that classical music has been outstripped(超越) by technology. To play a classical instrument, such as a violin, you need to study hard and practise for hours. Nowadays, you don't need to get aching arms from practising. A teenager can write and make music using a computer program in the comfort of their own bedroom.
A final point to in mind is that the term "classical music" is used to refer to a great variety of music, from jazz to pieces  for large orchestras(管弦乐队).This makes it even more difficult to say whether classical music is relevant to young people.
    So, it may be only a minority of young people who play classical instruments , but when it comes to enjoying classical music, it depends on the piece of music. It may be more relevant to young people in the modern world than they realise!

Title	Classical Music		Introduction	The issue of whether classical music is (76)         to young people causes heated debate.		Opinions	Evidence		★ Classical music is associated only with old peonl.	☆ (77)     of the audience at a classical concert are over fifty.		★ Many young people don’t (78)      
some music they listen to is classical.	☆ Classical music is often found in films and advertisements.		★ Classical ideas provide a (79)     
for producing new music.	☆ Young people now (80)        rap in popular music.		★ (81)      has put classical music at a disadvantage.	☆ A young man can write and make music on a computer (82)       in his bedroom.		★ “Classical music”can refer to various (83)       of music.	☆ Classical music (84)         from jazz to pieces for large orchestras.		Conclusion	Classical music may still be (85)         by young people today.		


第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
为了帮助中学生健康成长,某中学英文报开辟了“HEART-TO-HEART”专栏。假设你是该栏目的编辑Jamie,收到一封署名为Worried的求助信。信中该同学向你诉说了自己的困扰:近日容易发脾气,使正常的学习和生活受到了影响。请用英文给该同学写一封回信。
内容要点如下:
1.表示理解并给予安慰;
2.提出建议并说明理由。
注意:
1.词数120左右;
2.信中不能出现与本人相关的信息;
3.信的开头与结尾已为你拟好,不计入总词数。
参考词汇:temper n. 脾气,情绪
Hi Worried.:
I’m sorry to know that you’re having such a had time at the moment.               
                                                                          
                                                                   
Yours,
Jamie

















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